October 1
1907 The Plaza Hotel opened in New York City.

Plaza Hotel
1908 The Model T Ford was marketed for the first time.
1920 Actor Walter Matthau was born in New York City.
1932 Babe Ruth pointed to the center field bleachers and then hit a home run there on the next pitch in a World Series game in Chicago, Illinois.
1935 Singer, actress, and comedienne Julie Andrews (Julia Wells) was born in Walton-on-Thames, England.

Julie Andrews
1945 Baseball star Rod Carew was born in Gatun, Canal Zone.
1961 Roger Maris hit his 61st home run of the season, setting a new record for major league baseball.

Roger Maris
1962 Johnny Carson made his debut as host of The Tonight Show.

Johnny Carson
1969 "Open Letter to Barry Goldwater" by Karl Hess was published in Ramparts. In the letter Hess, who had been a speechwriter for Barry Goldwater, tried to persuade the former Republican Party nominee for President to become a libertarian.

Karl Hess

October 2
1833 The New York Anti-Slavery Society was organized in New York City.

New York Anti-Slavery Society
1869 Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi, nonviolent leader of resistance to government oppression, was born Porbandar, India.

Mahatma Gandhi
1890 Comedian Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx was born in New York City.

Groucho Marx
1935 Our Enemy the State by Albert Jay Nock was published.

Albert Jay Knox and his book Our Enemy the State
1950 The first Peanuts comic strip was published.
1954 The Jimmy Durante Show premiered on TV.

Jimmy Durante
1954 The George Gobel Show premiered on TV.

Lonesome George Gobel

October 3
1854 William Crawford Gorgas, who eradicated yellow fever from Havana and the Panama Canal Zone, was born in Toulminville, Alabama.
1924 Harvey Kurtzman, cartoonist and founder of Mad magazine, was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1925 Writer Gore Vidal was born in West Point, New York.
1947 Lindsey Buckingham, singer and songwriter with Fleetwood Mac, was born in Palo Alto, California.
1951 Baseball star Dave Winfield was born in St. Paul, Minnesota.
1952 The first video recording on magnetic tape was made in Los Angeles.
1954 Pitcher Dennis Eckersley was born in Oakland, California.
1961 The Dick Van Dyke Show premiered on TV.

The cast of the Dick Van Dyke Show
1965 Whitey Ford won his 232nd game and became the winningest pitcher in Yankee history.

Whitey Ford

October 4
1861 Artist Frederick Remmington was born in Canton, New York.

Fight for the Water Hole by Frederick Remmington
1895 Comedian Buster Keaton was born in Piqua, Kansas.
1910 New York Yankee infielder (1932-1948) and coach (1949-1970) Frank Crosetti was born in San Francisco, California.
1922 Actor and gun-owner rights advocate Charlton Heston was born in Evanston, Illinois.
1946 Actress Susan Sarandon (Susan Tomaling) was born in New York City.

Susan Sarandon
1969 The Society for Individual Liberty was founded by Jarret Wollstein, Dave Walter, and Don Ernsberger in Warminster, Pennsylvania.

October 5
1830 Andrew Jackson proclaimed the reestablishment of trade with the British West Indies.
1919 Actor Donald Pleasence was born in Worksop, Nottinghamshire, England.
1924 Comedian Bill Dana was born in Quincy, Massachusetts.
1950 You Bet Your Life, with Groucho Marx and George Fenneman, premiered on TV.
1953 Billy Martin got his record-breaking 12th hit of the series as the New York Yankees won their 5th consecutive world championship.
1962 The Beatles released their first single ("Love Me Do").

The Beatles
1969 Monty Python's Flying Circus premiered on TV.
1975 Actress Kate Winslet was born in Reading, England.

Kate Winslet

October 6
1846 Inventor George Westinghouse was born in Central Bridge, New York. Some of his and his company's best inventions are the hydroelectric power plant, transformers for alternating current, a valve to allow safe distribution of natural gas to homes, train airbrakes, and compressed air shock absorbers for cars.

George Westinghouse
1897 Doctor Florence Seibert was born in Easton, Pennsylvania. She developed the test for tuberculosis that has been adopted worldwide.
1914 Sailing anthropologist and author Thor Heyerdahl was born in Larvik, Norway.

Thor Heyerdahl's raft Kon Tiki
1926 Babe Ruth hit 3 home runs to lead the New York Yankees to a 10-5 win in game 4 of the World Series.

Babe Ruth
1960 Mickey Mantle hit 2 home runs to lead the New York Yankees to a 16-3 win in game 2 of the World Series.

Mickey Mantle

October 7
1765 The Stamp Act Congress met at City Hall in New York City to organize resistance to the British law requiring Americans to buy revenue stamps for newspapers, pamphlets, almanacs, legal documents, playing cards, and dice.
1777 Americans beat back the British army at Bemis Heights in Boston, Massachusetts.
1780 Mounted backwoodsmen defeated British forces and Tories in the Battle of King's Mountain, North Carolina. This was the turning point of the war in the South.

The Battle of King's Mountain
1783 The Virginia House of Burgesses passed a law giving freedom to slaves who served in the Continental Army.
1872 Democratic Party leader William "Boss" Tweed was indicted for corruption.
1911 Singer and band leader Vaughn Monroe was born in Akron, Ohio.
1919 The first commercial airline, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, was founded.
1951 Singer and songwriter John Cougar Mellencamp was born in Seymour, Indiana.
1960 Route 66 premiered on CBS.
1967 Singer Toni Braxton was born in Severn, Maryland.

October 8
1939 Actor Paul Hogan, who played Crocodile Dundee, was born in Lightning Ridge, Australia.
1943 Comedian Cornelius (Chevy) Chase was born in New York City.
1949 Actress Sigourney Weaver was born in New York City.

Sigourney Weaver
1956 Don Larson pitched a perfect game for the New York Yankees against the Brooklyn Dodgers in the World Series.

Yogi Berra and Don Larson

October 9
1940 Beatle John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.

John Lennon
1940 New York Yankee 1st baseman (1962-1969) Joe Pepitone was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1950 Singer and song writer Jackson Browne was born in Heidelberg, Germany.
1951 Gil McDougald became the first rookie to hit a grand slam home run in a World Series game. He was selected as the "1951 rookie of the year."

Gil McDougald
1953 Topper premiered on TV.
1961 Whitey Ford broke Babe Ruth's old pitching record of 29-2/3 consecutive scoreless World Series innings during the New York Yankees' 7-0 win against the Cincinnati Reds.

Whitey Ford
1970 Golf pro Annika Sorenstam was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
1974 F. A. Hayek was awarded the Nobel prize in economics for his "pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and... penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."

F. A. Hayek

October 10
1738 Painter Benjamin West was born in Springfield, Pennsylvania.

Benjamin West's painting of William Penn making a peace tready with natives
1774 The people of Chester, Vermont, drafted one of the first Declarations of Civil Disobedience in America. They pledged to resist British encroachments on their legitimate property rights.
1957 Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand was published. The heroes in this novel drop out of the American economy as it becomes more socialistic. They move to a secluded anarcho-capitalist enclave where they can keep what they earn. The book illuminates Ayn Rand's philosophy of rational self-interest and serves as a tutorial in economics.

Atlas Shrugged and Ayn Rand
1972 The Bob Newhart Show premiered on TV.

The cast of The Bob Newhart Show
1973 Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned his office and pleaded no lo cotendere to charges of income tax evasion and money laundering.

October 11
1776 The Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain started. Most of the ships in the American fleet under the command of Benedict Arnold were captured or destroyed by a British force under the overall direction of General Guy Carleton. However, the battle stalled British plans to reach the upper Hudson River valley. Carleton's supply line would be difficult to manage in winter, so he decided to withdraw north to winter quarters.
1948 Singer and songwriter Daryl Hall was born in Pottstown, Pennsylvania.
1961 Quarterback Steve Young was born in Salt Lake City, Utah.
1969 Baseball pitcher and refugee from communism Orlando Hernandez ("El Duque") was born in Villa Clara, Cuba.

Orlando Hernandez
1975 Saturday Night Live premiered on TV.

October 12
1492 Italian explorer Christopher Columbus landed on an island in the Bahamas.
1905 Christy Mathewson pitched his third shutout of the 1905 World Series.

Christy Mathewson
1936 New York Yankee shortstop (1957-1965) Tony Kubek was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1938 Economist and classical liberal scholar Walter Grinder was born.

Walter Grinder
1948 Casey Stengel was named manager of the New York Yankees.

Casey Stengel
1950 The Burns and Allen Show premiered on TV.

George Burns and Gracie Allen
1969 The Radical Libertarian Alliance sponsored the first East Coast Libertarian Conference in New York City.

October 13
1754 Mary Ludwig (a "Molly Pitcher"), heroine of the American Revolution, was born near Trenton, New Jersey.

Illustration of Mary Ludwig
1812 The US attempt to invade Canada failed when General Stephen Van Rensselair could not persuade militia under his command to cross the border.
1870 Libertarian social philosopher and essayist Albert Jay Nock was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

Albert Jay Knox and his book Our Enemy the State
1911 Libertarian social philosopher and educator Robert LeFevre was born in Gooding, Idaho.

Robert LeFevre and his book The Philosophy of Ownership
1921 French singer and movie star Ivo Livi (Yves Montand) was born in Monsummano Terme, Italy.

Yves Montand
1941 Singer and songwriter Paul Simon was born in Newark, New Jersey.

Paul Simon
1962 Football great Jerry Rice was born in Starkville, Mississippi.
1991 The Bulgarian Communist government, the last in eastern Europe, was defeated in elections.
2010 The last of 33 miners were rescued after being trapped for more than two months (69 days) at a caved-in mine in northern Chile. The miners survived longer than anyone else trapped underground in history.

October 14
1644 William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, was born in London, England.

William Penn
1774 The First Continental Congress passed resolutions protesting the encroachments by the Crown of liberties of the people and proclaiming the rights of colonists, including the rights to "Life, liberty, and property."
1890 "Relation of the State to the Individual" by Benjamin R. Tucker was published in Liberty.

Benjamin R. Tucker and his magazine Liberty
1893 Actress Lillian Gish was born in Springfield, Ohio.

Lillian Gish
1905 Travel guide author Eugene Fodor was born in Leva, Hungary.
1906 Political theorist and writer against totalitarianism and genocide Hannah Arendt was born in Linden, Hannover, Germany.
1952 Actor Harry Anderson was born in Newport, Rhode Island.
1968 Al Oerter won his fourth gold medal for discus throwing in four consecutive Olympic Games.

Al Oerter

October 15
1783 Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent, Marquis d'Arlandes became the first people to fly. They ascended in a Montgolfier hot-air baloon at Paris, France.
1858 Boxer John L. Sullivan was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts.
1881 Humorist P. G. Wodehouse was born in Guildford, Surrey, England.
1923 The New York Yankees defeated the New York Giants in the World Series.
1942 Actress and director Penny Marshall was born in New York City.
1945 Baseball pitcher Jim Palmer was born in New York City.
1951 I Love Lucy premiered on TV.

Lucille Ball and William Frawley

October 16
1758 Lexicographer Noah Webster was born at West Hartford, Connecticut.

Noah Webster
1773 Philadelphians held the first public protest against the Tea Act. The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. Its principal objective was to reduce the surplus of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. A related objective was to undercut the price of tea smuggled into the American colonies. This was supposed to convince the colonists to purchase Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid, thus implicitly agreeing to accept Parliament's right of taxation.
1828 The Delaware and Hudson Canal opened. Between 1828 and 1899, Delaware and Hudson Canal Company barges carried anthracite coal from the mines of Northeastern Pennsylvania to New York City via the Hudson River. It remained a profitable private operation for most of its existence, unlike other canals of the era. Construction of the canal involved some major feats of civil engineering and led to the development of some new technologies particularly in rail transport.

Scenes along the Delaware and Hudson Canal
1854 Wit and playwright Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland.
1888 Playwright Eugene O'Neill was born in New York City.
1940 Professional baseball and basketball player Dave DeBuschere was born in Detroit, Michigan.
1946 Actress and entrepreneur Suzanne Somers was born in San Bruno, California.
1978 Anti-communist Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected pope.

Karol Wojtyla (Pope John-Paul II)

October 17
1777 British General John Burgoyne surrendered with 5,000 men to American General Horatio Gates at Saratoga, New York.

Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga, New York

1927 Comedian Tom Poston was born in Columbus, Ohio.

1963 Comedian Norm Macdonald was born in Quebec City, Canada.

October 18
1697 Landscape painter Giovanni Canaletto was born in Venice, Italy.

Paintings by Giovanni Canaletto
1776 Tadeuz Kosciuszko was commissioned as Colonel of Engineers in the Continental Army.

Tadeuz Kosciuszko
1926 Rock and Roll legend Chuck Berry was born in St. Louis, Missouri.

Chick Berry
1931 New York Yankee 3rd baseman (1952-1960) Andy Carey was born in Oakland, California.

Andy Carey
1939 NFL Hall of Fame tight end and sportscaster Mike Ditka was born in Carnegie, Pennsylvania.
1977 New York Yankee slugger Reggie Jackson slammed 3 consecutive home runs in one World Series game against the Los Angeles Dodgers to help the Yankees win their 21st World Championship.

Reggie Jackson

October 19
1720 Quaker preacher and anti-slavery writer John Woolman was born between Burlington and Mount Holly Township in the colony of New Jersey.
1765 The Stamp Act Congress in New York City drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.
1781 British General Cornwallis surrendered with 7000 men at Yorktown, Virginia.

Surrender of General Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia
1810 Abolitionist Cassius M. Clay was born in Madison County, Kentucky.

Cassius M. Clay
1922 Investigative reporter Jack Anderson was born in Long Beach, California.

October 20
1632 Christopher Wren, architect, astronomer, and mathematician, was born in East Knoyle, England.
1774 The Association of the United Colonies was established to boycott goods from England.
1882 Horror movie star Bela Lugosi was born in Lugos, Hungary.

Bela Lugosi
1931 New York Yankee hero (1951-1968) Mickey Mantle was born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma.

Mickey Mantle
1953 Basebal star Keith Hernandez was born in San Francisco, California.
1953 Singer and musician Tom Petty was born in Gainesville, Florida.

October 21
1772 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison was rescued from a mob of 2000 in Boston. The mob was angry at him for preaching that all men have equal rights. He spent the night in the Leverett Street Jail for safety.
1835 Poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, England.
1879 Thomas Edison demonstrated the incandescent lamp.

Thomas Edison
1928 New York Yankee pitching great (1950, 1953-1967), "Chairman of the Board," Edward "Whitey" Ford was born in New York City.

Whitey Ford
1956 Actress and author Carrie Fisher was born in Beverly Hills, California.

October 22
1746 Princeton College (originally called College of New Jersey) was founded by an evangelical faction of the Presbyterian church.
1811 Composer Franz List was born in Raiding, Hungary.
1902 Geneticist George Beadle was born near Wahoo, Nebraska.
1938 Chester Floyd Carlson produced the first xerographic copy.
1938 Comic actor Christopher Lloyd was born in Stamford, Connecticut.
1943 Actress Catherine Deneuve (Dorleac) was born in Paris, France.
1952 Actor Jeff Goldblum was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1962 Premier Khrushchev agreed to halt Soviet construction of bases in Cuba and to remove missiles from Cuba, thereby preventing a nuclear war between the USA and the USSR.
1973 Baseball star Ichiro Suzuki was born in Toyoyama, Japan.

October 23
4004 BC According to a 17th century vice-chancellor of Cambridge University, "Man was created by the Trinity on October 23, 2004 B.C. at nine o'clock in the morning."

God creating man
1752 Nicolas Appert, the father of canning, was born in Chalons-Sue-Marne, France.
1906 Swimming champion Gertrude Ederle was born in New York City.
1925 Comedian and Tonight Show host Johnny Carson was born in Corning, Iowa.

Johnny Carson
1940 Soccer great Pele (Edson Arantes do Nascimento) was born in Tres Coracoes, Brazil.

1942 Author, screenwriter, producer, and director Michael Crichton was born in Chicago, Illinois.

Michael Crichton
1956 Hungarians revolted against communist dictatorship.

October 24
1632 Microscope pioneer Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft, Holland.
1774 People in Edenton, North Carolina, held a tea-party protest.
1940 Actor F. Murray Abraham was born in El Paso, Texas.
1947 Actor Kevin Kline was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
1978 American industries such as airlines and railroads were deregulated to promote competition.

October 25
1765 In protest to the Stamp Act a Non-Importation Agreement was made in Philadelphia. Here is its first provision: "First, it is unanimously resolved and agreed that in all orders any of the subscribers to this paper may send to Great Britain for goods they shall and will direct their Correspondents not to ship them until the Stamp Act is Repealed."
1767 French libertarian theorist Benjamin Constant was born in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Benjamin Constant
1800 Historian Thomas Macaulay was born at Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, England.

Thomas Macaulay
1806 Individualist philosopher Johann Kaspar Schmidt (Max Stirner) was born in Bayreuth, Bavaria.
1825 Composer Johann Strauss was born in Vienna, Austria.
1838 Georges Bizet, composer of Carmen, was born in Paris, France.
1882 Journalist and social philosopher John T. Flynn was born in Bladensburg, Maryland.

John T. Flynn
1941 Novelist Anne Tyler was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
1982 Newhart premiered on TV.

The cast of Newhart

October 26
1685 Composer Domenico Scarlatti was born in Naples, Italy.
1803 Taxi cab inventor Joseph A. Hansom was born in York, England.
2000 The New York Yankees beat the New York Mets to win the "subway" World Series.

October 27
1775 Navy Day: The first ships in the US Navy were launched into Lake Champlain at Skeensboro (Whitehall), New York.
1782 Nicolo Paganini, considered to be the greatest violinist ever, was born in Genoa, Italy.
1858 Macy's opened its first store in New York City.
1871 William "Boss" Tweed was arrested after looting New York City of between 30 and 200 million dollars.
1904 The first rapid-transit subway, the IRT, opened in New York City. It was financed privately.
1919 President Woodrow Wilson vetoed a prohibition enforcement bill.
1920 Comedienne Nanette Fabray was born in San Diego, California.

Nanette Fabray
1939 Comedian John Cleese was born in Weston-Super-Mare, England.

John Cleese
1950 Humorist Fran Lebowitz was born in Morristown, New Jersey.

October 28
1467 Author Desiderius Erasmus was born in Rotterdam, Holland.
1846 French chef George Auguste Escoffier was born in Villeneuve Loubet, France.
1886 The statue Liberty Enlightening the World was unveiled in New York harbor.

Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World
1914 Dr. Jonas Salk, inventor of polio vaccine, was born in New York City.
1918 Sailors in the German High Seas Fleet refused to obey an order from the German Admiralty to launch a final attack on the British navy. The sailors regarded the ordered attack as a suicide mission. The order was given five times. The sailors refused each time.
1967 Actress Julia Roberts was born in Smyrna, Georgia.

Julia Roberts

October 29
1740 Journalist James Boswell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1765 Sam Adams wrote the Massachusetts Resolves, which provide a natural rights defense of private property.

Samuel Adams
1836 Bartender James Ritty was born in Dayton, Ohio. He invented the first cash register.
1906 Mystery and science-fiction writer Frederic Brown was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Frederic Brown between two of his novels
1947 Actor Richard Dreyfuss was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Richard Dreyfuss in Jaws

October 30
1751 Dramatist Richard Sheridan was born in Dublin, Ireland.
1811 Sense and Sensibility (by Jane Austen) was published anonymously.

Jane Austen
1840 Libertarian social philosopher William Graham Sumner was born in Patterson, New Jersey.

William Graham Sumner
1895 Gerhard Domagk, discoverer of sulfa drugs, was born in Lagow, Brandenburg, Germany.
1925 John Baird created Britain's first TV transmitter.
1939 Singer Grace Slick was born in Evanston, Illinois.
1945 Actor Henry Winkler was born in New York City.
1948 New York Yankee centerfielder John "Mickey" Rivers was born in Miami, Florida.
1964 Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammed Ali) defeated Sonny Liston to become the heavyweight boxing champion of the world.

Muhammed Ali

October 31
1517 Martin Luther posted 95 propositions challenging the authority of the church to sell indulgences granting the forgiveness of sins.
1683 The New York assembly adopted the Charter of Liberties.
1795 Poet John Keats was born in London, England.
1912 Actress and singer Dale Evans was born in Uvalde, Texas.

Dale Evans
1950 Comedian John Candy was born in Toronto, Canada.

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