The Plaza Hotel opened in New York City.
The Model T Ford was marketed for the first time.
Actor Walter Matthau was born in New York City.
Babe Ruth pointed to the center field bleachers and then
hit a home run there on the next pitch in a World Series
game in Chicago, Illinois.
Singer, actress, and comedienne Julie Andrews
(Julia Wells) was born in Walton-on-Thames, England.
Baseball star Rod Carew was born in Gatun, Canal Zone.
Roger Maris hit his 61st home run of the season,
setting a new record for major league baseball.
Johnny Carson made his debut as host
of The Tonight Show.
"Open Letter to Barry Goldwater" by Karl Hess was published
In the letter Hess, who had been a speechwriter for Barry Goldwater,
tried to persuade the former Republican Party nominee for President
to become a libertarian.
The New York Anti-Slavery Society was organized in New York City.
New York Anti-Slavery Society
Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi, nonviolent leader of resistance
to government oppression, was born Porbandar, India.
Comedian Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx was born in New York City.
Our Enemy the State by Albert Jay Nock
Albert Jay Knox and his book Our Enemy the State
The first Peanuts comic strip was published.
The Jimmy Durante Show premiered on TV.
The George Gobel Show premiered on TV.
Lonesome George Gobel
William Crawford Gorgas, who eradicated yellow fever
from Havana and the Panama Canal Zone, was born in Toulminville, Alabama.
Harvey Kurtzman, cartoonist and founder of
Mad magazine, was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Writer Gore Vidal was born in West Point, New York.
Lindsey Buckingham, singer and songwriter with Fleetwood Mac,
was born in Palo Alto, California.
Baseball star Dave Winfield was born in St. Paul, Minnesota.
The first video recording on magnetic tape was made in Los Angeles.
Pitcher Dennis Eckersley was born in Oakland, California.
The Dick Van Dyke Show premiered on TV.
The cast of the Dick Van Dyke Show
Whitey Ford won his 232nd game and
became the winningest pitcher in Yankee history.
Artist Frederick Remmington was born in Canton, New York.
Fight for the Water Hole by
Comedian Buster Keaton was born in Piqua, Kansas.
New York Yankee infielder (1932-1948) and coach (1949-1970)
Frank Crosetti was born in San Francisco, California.
Actor and gun-owner rights advocate Charlton Heston was born
in Evanston, Illinois.
Actress Susan Sarandon
(Susan Tomaling) was born in New York City.
The Society for Individual Liberty was founded by Jarret Wollstein, Dave Walter, and Don Ernsberger
in Warminster, Pennsylvania.
Andrew Jackson proclaimed the reestablishment of trade with the
British West Indies.
Actor Donald Pleasence was born
in Worksop, Nottinghamshire, England.
Comedian Bill Dana was born in Quincy, Massachusetts.
You Bet Your Life, with Groucho Marx and George Fenneman, premiered on TV.
Billy Martin got his record-breaking
12th hit of the series as the New York Yankees won their 5th consecutive
The Beatles released their first single ("Love Me Do").
Monty Python's Flying Circus premiered on TV.
Actress Kate Winslet was born in Reading, England.
Inventor George Westinghouse was born in Central Bridge,
Some of his and his company's best inventions are the hydroelectric power plant,
transformers for alternating current, a valve to allow safe distribution of natural
gas to homes, train airbrakes, and compressed air shock absorbers for cars.
Doctor Florence Seibert was born in Easton, Pennsylvania.
She developed the test for tuberculosis that has been adopted worldwide.
Sailing anthropologist and author Thor Heyerdahl was born
in Larvik, Norway.
Thor Heyerdahl's raft Kon Tiki
Babe Ruth hit 3 home runs to lead the New York Yankees
to a 10-5 win in game 4 of the World Series.
Mickey Mantle hit 2 home runs to lead the New York Yankees
to a 16-3 win in game 2 of the World Series.
The Stamp Act Congress met at City Hall in New York City to organize resistance to
the British law requiring Americans to buy revenue stamps for newspapers, pamphlets,
almanacs, legal documents, playing cards, and dice.
Americans beat back the British army at Bemis Heights in Boston, Massachusetts.
Mounted backwoodsmen defeated British forces and Tories
in the Battle of King's Mountain, North Carolina.
This was the turning point of the war in the South.
The Battle of King's Mountain
The Virginia House of Burgesses passed a law giving freedom to
slaves who served in the Continental Army.
Democratic Party leader William "Boss" Tweed was indicted
Singer and band leader Vaughn Monroe was born
in Akron, Ohio.
The first commercial airline, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines,
Singer and songwriter John Cougar Mellencamp was born
in Seymour, Indiana.
Route 66 premiered on CBS.
Singer Toni Braxton was born in Severn, Maryland.
Actor Paul Hogan, who played Crocodile Dundee, was born in
Lightning Ridge, Australia.
Comedian Cornelius (Chevy) Chase was born in New York City.
Actress Sigourney Weaver was born
in New York City.
Don Larson pitched a perfect game for the New York Yankees against
the Brooklyn Dodgers in the World Series.
Yogi Berra and Don Larson
Beatle John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.
New York Yankee 1st baseman (1962-1969)
Joe Pepitone was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Singer and song writer Jackson Browne was born
in Heidelberg, Germany.
Gil McDougald became the first rookie
to hit a grand slam home run in a World Series game.
He was selected as the "1951 rookie of the year."
Topper premiered on TV.
Whitey Ford broke
Babe Ruth's old pitching record of 29-2/3 consecutive
scoreless World Series innings during the New York Yankees'
7-0 win against the Cincinnati Reds.
Golf pro Annika Sorenstam was born in
F. A. Hayek was awarded the Nobel prize in economics
for his "pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations
and... penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic,
social and institutional phenomena."
F. A. Hayek
Painter Benjamin West was born in Springfield, Pennsylvania.
Benjamin West's painting of William
Penn making a peace tready with natives
The people of Chester, Vermont, drafted one of the first Declarations of Civil Disobedience
They pledged to resist British encroachments on their legitimate property rights.
Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand was published.
The heroes in this novel drop out of the American economy as it becomes more socialistic.
They move to a secluded anarcho-capitalist enclave where they can keep
what they earn.
The book illuminates Ayn Rand's philosophy of rational self-interest and serves as
a tutorial in economics.
Atlas Shrugged and Ayn Rand
The Bob Newhart Show premiered on TV.
The cast of The Bob Newhart Show
Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned his office and pleaded
no lo cotendere to charges of income tax evasion and money laundering.
The Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain started.
Most of the ships in the American fleet under the command of Benedict Arnold were captured
or destroyed by a British force under the overall direction of General Guy Carleton.
However, the battle stalled British plans to reach the upper Hudson River valley.
Carleton's supply line would be difficult to manage in winter, so he decided to withdraw north
to winter quarters.
Singer and songwriter Daryl Hall was born
in Pottstown, Pennsylvania.
Quarterback Steve Young was born
in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Baseball pitcher and refugee from communism
Orlando Hernandez ("El Duque") was born in
Villa Clara, Cuba.
Saturday Night Live premiered on TV.
Italian explorer Christopher Columbus landed on an
island in the Bahamas.
Christy Mathewson pitched his third
shutout of the 1905 World Series.
New York Yankee shortstop (1957-1965) Tony Kubek was born in
Economist and classical liberal scholar Walter Grinder was born.
was named manager of the New York Yankees.
The Burns and Allen Show premiered on TV.
George Burns and Gracie Allen
The Radical Libertarian Alliance sponsored the first East Coast
Libertarian Conference in New York City.
Mary Ludwig (a "Molly Pitcher"),
heroine of the American Revolution, was born near Trenton, New Jersey.
Illustration of Mary Ludwig
The US attempt to invade Canada failed when General Stephen
Van Rensselair could not persuade militia under his command to cross
Libertarian social philosopher and essayist Albert Jay Nock
was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Albert Jay Knox and his book Our Enemy the State
Libertarian social philosopher and educator Robert LeFevre
was born in Gooding, Idaho.
Robert LeFevre and his book The Philosophy
French singer and movie star Ivo Livi (Yves Montand) was born in
Monsummano Terme, Italy.
Singer and songwriter Paul Simon
was born in Newark, New Jersey.
Football great Jerry Rice
was born in Starkville, Mississippi.
The Bulgarian Communist government, the last in eastern Europe,
was defeated in elections.
The last of 33 miners were rescued after being trapped for
more than two months (69 days) at a caved-in mine in northern Chile.
The miners survived longer than anyone else trapped underground
William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, was born in London, England.
The First Continental Congress passed resolutions protesting the
encroachments by the Crown of liberties of the people and
proclaiming the rights of colonists, including the rights to
"Life, liberty, and property."
"Relation of the State to the Individual" by
Benjamin R. Tucker
was published in Liberty.
Benjamin R. Tucker and his magazine Liberty
Actress Lillian Gish was born in
Travel guide author Eugene Fodor was born in
Political theorist and writer against totalitarianism and genocide
Hannah Arendt was born in Linden, Hannover, Germany.
Actor Harry Anderson was born in
Newport, Rhode Island.
Al Oerter won his fourth gold medal
for discus throwing in four consecutive Olympic Games.
Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier and
Francois Laurent, Marquis d'Arlandes became the first
people to fly. They ascended in a Montgolfier hot-air baloon at Paris, France.
Boxer John L. Sullivan was born in Roxbury,
Humorist P. G. Wodehouse
was born in Guildford, Surrey, England.
The New York Yankees defeated the New York Giants in the World Series.
Actress and director Penny Marshall was born
in New York City.
1945 Baseball pitcher Jim Palmer
was born in New York City.
I Love Lucy premiered on TV.
Lucille Ball and William Frawley
Lexicographer Noah Webster was born at West Hartford,
Philadelphians held the first public protest against the Tea Act.
The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. Its principal objective
was to reduce the surplus of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company
in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. A related objective
was to undercut the price of tea smuggled into the American colonies. This was supposed
to convince the colonists to purchase Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid,
thus implicitly agreeing to accept Parliament's right of taxation.
The Delaware and Hudson Canal opened.
Between 1828 and 1899, Delaware and Hudson Canal Company barges carried anthracite coal from
the mines of Northeastern Pennsylvania to New York City via the Hudson River.
It remained a profitable private operation for most of its existence, unlike other canals of the era.
Construction of the canal involved some major feats of civil engineering and led to the
development of some new technologies particularly in rail transport.
Scenes along the Delaware and Hudson Canal
Wit and playwright Oscar Wilde was born
in Dublin, Ireland.
Playwright Eugene O'Neill was born in
New York City.
Professional baseball and basketball player
was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Actress and entrepreneur Suzanne Somers was born in
San Bruno, California.
Anti-communist Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected pope.
Karol Wojtyla (Pope John-Paul II)
British General John Burgoyne
surrendered with 5,000 men to American
General Horatio Gates at Saratoga, New York.
Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga, New York
Comedian Tom Poston was born in Columbus, Ohio.
Comedian Norm Macdonald was born in
Quebec City, Canada.
Landscape painter Giovanni Canaletto
was born in Venice, Italy.
Paintings by Giovanni Canaletto
Tadeuz Kosciuszko was commissioned
as Colonel of Engineers
in the Continental Army.
Rock and Roll legend Chuck Berry
was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
New York Yankee 3rd baseman (1952-1960) Andy Carey
was born in Oakland, California.
NFL Hall of Fame tight end and sportscaster Mike Ditka
was born in Carnegie, Pennsylvania.
New York Yankee slugger Reggie Jackson
slammed 3 consecutive home runs in one World Series game against
the Los Angeles Dodgers to help the Yankees win their 21st World Championship.
Quaker preacher and anti-slavery writer John Woolman was born
between Burlington and Mount Holly Township in the colony of New Jersey.
The Stamp Act Congress in New York City drew up a declaration
of rights and liberties.
British General Cornwallis surrendered with 7000 men at Yorktown, Virginia.
Surrender of General Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia
Abolitionist Cassius M. Clay was born
in Madison County, Kentucky.
Cassius M. Clay
Investigative reporter Jack Anderson was born in Long Beach,
Christopher Wren, architect, astronomer, and mathematician,
was born in East Knoyle, England.
The Association of the United Colonies was established to boycott
goods from England.
Horror movie star Bela Lugosi was born in Lugos, Hungary.
New York Yankee hero (1951-1968)
Mickey Mantle was born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma.
Basebal star Keith Hernandez was born in San Francisco, California.
Singer and musician Tom Petty was born in
Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison was rescued
from a mob of 2000 in Boston.
The mob was angry at him for preaching that all men have equal rights.
He spent the night in the Leverett Street Jail for safety.
Poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in
Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, England.
Thomas Edison demonstrated the incandescent lamp.
New York Yankee pitching great (1950, 1953-1967), "Chairman of the Board," Edward
"Whitey" Ford was born in New York City.
Actress and author Carrie Fisher was born in
Beverly Hills, California.
Princeton College (originally called College of New Jersey) was founded by an evangelical faction
of the Presbyterian church.
Composer Franz List was born in Raiding, Hungary.
Geneticist George Beadle was born near
Chester Floyd Carlson produced the first xerographic copy.
Comic actor Christopher Lloyd
was born in Stamford, Connecticut.
Actress Catherine Deneuve (Dorleac) was born in Paris, France.
Actor Jeff Goldblum was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Premier Khrushchev agreed to halt Soviet construction of bases
in Cuba and to remove missiles from Cuba, thereby preventing a
nuclear war between the USA and the USSR.
Baseball star Ichiro Suzuki was born in Toyoyama, Japan.
According to a 17th century vice-chancellor of Cambridge University,
"Man was created by the Trinity on October 23, 2004 B.C. at nine o'clock
in the morning."
God creating man
Nicolas Appert, the father of canning, was born in
Swimming champion Gertrude Ederle was born in
New York City.
Comedian and Tonight Show host Johnny Carson was born
in Corning, Iowa.
Soccer great Pele
(Edson Arantes do Nascimento) was born in Tres Coracoes, Brazil.
Author, screenwriter, producer, and director Michael Crichton
was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Hungarians revolted against communist dictatorship.
Microscope pioneer Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft,
People in Edenton, North Carolina, held a tea-party protest.
Actor F. Murray Abraham was born in El Paso, Texas.
Actor Kevin Kline was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
American industries such as airlines and railroads were deregulated
to promote competition.
In protest to the Stamp Act a Non-Importation Agreement was made in
Here is its first provision:
"First, it is unanimously resolved and agreed that in all orders any of the subscribers to this paper
may send to Great Britain for goods they shall and will direct their Correspondents not to ship
them until the Stamp Act is Repealed."
French libertarian theorist Benjamin Constant was born
in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Historian Thomas Macaulay was born at
Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, England.
Individualist philosopher Johann Kaspar Schmidt (Max Stirner)
was born in Bayreuth, Bavaria.
Composer Johann Strauss was born in Vienna, Austria.
Georges Bizet, composer of Carmen,
was born in Paris, France.
Journalist and social philosopher John T. Flynn was born
in Bladensburg, Maryland.
John T. Flynn
Novelist Anne Tyler was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Newhart premiered on TV.
The cast of Newhart
Composer Domenico Scarlatti was born in Naples, Italy.
Taxi cab inventor Joseph A. Hansom
was born in York, England.
The New York Yankees beat the New York Mets to win the "subway" World Series.
Navy Day: The first ships in the US Navy were launched into Lake Champlain at
Skeensboro (Whitehall), New York.
Nicolo Paganini, considered to be the greatest violinist ever,
was born in Genoa, Italy.
Macy's opened its first store in New York City.
William "Boss" Tweed was arrested after
looting New York City of between 30 and 200 million dollars.
The first rapid-transit subway, the IRT, opened in
New York City. It was financed privately.
President Woodrow Wilson
vetoed a prohibition enforcement bill.
Comedienne Nanette Fabray was born in San Diego, California.
Comedian John Cleese was born in Weston-Super-Mare, England.
Humorist Fran Lebowitz was born
in Morristown, New Jersey.
Author Desiderius Erasmus was born in
French chef George Auguste Escoffier was born
in Villeneuve Loubet, France.
The statue Liberty Enlightening the World was unveiled
in New York harbor.
Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World
Dr. Jonas Salk, inventor of polio vaccine, was born
in New York City.
Sailors in the German High Seas Fleet refused to obey an order from the German
Admiralty to launch a final attack on the British navy.
The sailors regarded the ordered attack as a suicide mission.
The order was given five times.
The sailors refused each time.
Actress Julia Roberts was born in Smyrna, Georgia.
Journalist James Boswell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Sam Adams wrote the Massachusetts Resolves,
which provide a natural rights defense of private property.
Bartender James Ritty was born in Dayton, Ohio.
He invented the first cash register.
Mystery and science-fiction writer Frederic Brown
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Frederic Brown between two of his novels
Actor Richard Dreyfuss was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Richard Dreyfuss in Jaws
Dramatist Richard Sheridan was born in
Sense and Sensibility (by Jane Austen)
was published anonymously.
Libertarian social philosopher William Graham Sumner was
born in Patterson, New Jersey.
William Graham Sumner
Gerhard Domagk, discoverer of sulfa drugs, was born
in Lagow, Brandenburg, Germany.
John Baird created Britain's first TV transmitter.
Singer Grace Slick was born in Evanston, Illinois.
Actor Henry Winkler was born in New York City.
New York Yankee centerfielder John "Mickey" Rivers
was born in Miami, Florida.
Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammed Ali)
defeated Sonny Liston to become the heavyweight
boxing champion of the world.
Martin Luther posted 95 propositions challenging
the authority of the church to sell indulgences granting
the forgiveness of sins.
The New York assembly adopted the Charter of
Poet John Keats was born in London, England.
Actress and singer Dale Evans was born in Uvalde, Texas.
Comedian John Candy was born in Toronto, Canada.
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