November


November 1
1765 The Sons of Liberty held mock funeral processions for liberty in Portsmouth (New Hampshire), Newport (Rhode Island), Baltimore (Maryland), and Wilmington (North Carolina).

Annoucement of a Sons of Liberty meeting
1788 No Federal government existed for four months from November 1, 1788, when the Continental Congress adjourned, until March 4, 1789, when the US Constitution was imposed.
1794 The ban on stage drama in Boston was lifted and the Boston Theater opened.
1871 Writer Stephen Crane was born in Newark, New Jersey.
1926 Actress Patricia Bromek (Betsy Palmer) was born in East Chicago, Indiana.
1935 Golf champion Gary Player was born in Johannesburg, South Africa.
1960 Baseball pitching star Fernando Valenzuela was born in Novojoa, Sonora, Mexico.


November 2
1734 Frontier explorer and militia officer Daniel Boone was born near Reading, Pennsylvania.

Daniel Boone
1772 Committees of Correspondence were first organized in Massachusetts by Sam Adams and Joseph Warren. Committees of Correspondence were formed throughout the colonies to keep colonists informed of British anticolonial actions and to coordinate resistance.

Samuel Adams
1781 The Emperor of Germany abolished serfdom.
1913 Actor Burt Lancaster was born in East Harlem, New York City.
1920 KDKA, the first commercial radio station, began weekly broadcasts from Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.
1934 Tennis great Ken Rosewall was born in Sydney, Australia.

Ken Rosewall
1961 Singer k. d. lang was born in Consort, Alberta, Canada.


November 3
1783 George Washington disbanded the Continental Army.

George Washington resigning his commission
1794 William Cullen Bryant, poet, scholar, and anti-slavery editor, was born near Cummington, Massachusetts.

William Cullen Bryant
1918 Pitching great Bob Feller was born in Van Meter, Iowa.

Bob Feller
1921 Actor Charles Buchinsky (Bronson) was born in Ehrenfeld, Pennsylvania.

Charles Bronson
1949 Boxing champion Larry Holmes was born in Cuthbert, Georgia.
1953 Comedian Dennis Miller was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Dennis Miller
1956 Quarterback and sportscaster Phil Simms was born in Lebanon, Kentucky.


November 4
1825 The Erie Canal was opened.
1873 Philosopher G. E. Moore was born in London, England.
1879 Comedian Will Rogers was born in Oologah, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

Will Rogers
1918 Actor Art Carney was born in Mount Vernon, New York.
1923 Brewer Alfred Heineken was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands.


November 5
1885 Historian Will Durant was born in North Adams, Massachusetts.
1912 Cowboy movie star, singer, and businessman Roy Rogers (Leonard Slye) was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Roy Rogers
1917 The Supreme Court struck down a Louisville, Kentucky, city ordinance making it unlawful for a colored person to occupy a house located on a block where the majority of residents are white.
1941 Actress Elke Sommer was born in Berlin, Germany.
1941 Singer and actor Art Garfunkle was born in Forest Hills, New York.
1943 Dramatist and actor Sam Shepherd Rogers was born in Ft. Sheridan, Illinois.


November 6
1794 Thomas Paine was released from prison in France.
1814 Adolphe Sax, inventor of the saxaphone, was born in Dinant, Belgium.
1854 John Philip Sousa, "The March King," was born in Washington, D. C.

John Philip Sousa
1861 James Naismith, inventor of basketball, was born in Almonte, Ontario, Canada.
1887 Baseball pitching great Walter "The Big Train" Johnson was born in Humboldt, Kansas.

Walter Johnson
1915 Economist and opponent of "foreign aid" Peter T. Bauer was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary.

Peter T. Bauer
1928 The first animated electric sign in America was installed on the Times Building in Times Square, New York.

Times Building
1931 Movie director and comedian Mike Nichols (Michael Igor Peschkowsky) was born in Berlin, Germany.
1947 Meet the Press premiered on TV.


November 7
1784 The Spanish inquisition ended.
1811 Californians declared independence from Mexico.
1841 Slaves being transported from Virginia to New Orleans on the US ship Creole mutinied and took over the ship, sailing it into the British port of Nassau. There by British law they were free, except those held for murder.
1867 Marie Curie, co-discoverer of radium, was born in Warsaw, Poland.

Marie Curie
1903 Animal psychologist and author Konrad Lorenz was born in Vienna, Austria.
1915 In Chicago, 40,000 people paraded to protest the closing of saloons on Sundays.
1937 Singer and songwriter Mary Travers was born in Louisville, Kentucky.

Mary Travers
1943 Singer and song writer Joni Mitchell (Roberta Joan Anderson) was born in McLeod, Alberta, Canada.
1963 Elston Howard was named the American League's Most Valuable Player.

Elston Howard


November 8
1656 Astronomer Edmund Halley was born in London, England.
1731 Benjamin Franklin organized the first circulating library in America.

Benjamin Franklin
1847 Abraham "Bram" Stoker, author of Dracula, was born in Dublin, Ireland.
1897 Catholic anarchist Dorothy Day was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1900 Margaret Mitchell, author of Gone with the Wind, was born in Atlanta, Georgia.

Margaret Mitchell and her masterpiece
1909 Actress Katherine Hepburn was born in Hartford, Connecticut.
1922 Pioneer heart surgeon Christian Barnard was born in Beaufort West, South Africa.
1927 Singer Patti Page (Clara Ann Fowler) was born in Clarence, Oklahoma.
1949 Singer and songwriter Bonnie Raitt was born in Los Angeles, California.

Bonnie Raitt


November 9
1670 Chief Justice John Vaughan issued a writ of habeas corpus to release from jail the jury that refused to bring in a guilty verdict against William Penn for preaching in the Grace Church of London.
1731 Astronomer, mathematician, clockmaker, and almanac author Benjamin Banneker was born at Elliot's Mills, Maryland.
1815 Abolitionist and protector of escaped slaves Leonard Grimes was born in Leesburg, Virginia.

Leonard Grimes
1859 Flogging was virtually abolished in the British army.
1886 Comedian Isaiah Edwin Leopold (Ed Wynn) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Ed Wynn
1923 Singer and actress Dorothy Dandridge was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
1935 Pitching great Bob Gibson was born in Omaha, Nebraska.

Bob Gibson
1956 Although he continued to believe in Marxism, Jean-Paul Sartre, philosopher, Nobel-Prize-winning author, and the "conscience of communism," denounced the Soviet Union for its invasion of Hungary and other crimes. In the French magazine L'Express, he declared,
"I condemn the Soviet invasion wholeheartedly and without any reservation. Without putting any responsibility onto the Russian people, I nevertheless insist that its current government has committed a crime.... And the crime, to me, is not just the invasion of Budapest by army tanks, but the fact that this was made possible by twelve years of terror and imbecility.... It is and will be impossible to reestablish any sort of contact with the men who are currently at the head of the [French Communist Party]. Each sentence they utter, each action they take is the culmination of 30 years of lies and sclerosis."
1989 The Berlin Wall was opened and people from both sides were permitted to cross the barrier without getting shot by East German soldiers.


November 10
1483 Martin Luther, founder of the Reformation and of Protestantism, was born at Eisleben, Saxony.
1728 Playwright Oliver Goldsmith was born in Pallas, Ireland.
1752 Benjamin Franklin invented the lightning rod.

Benjamin Franklin experimenting with lightning
1759 Poet and playwright Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller was born in Marbach, Wurtenberg.
1871 Henry Stanley found Dr. David Livingstone at Ujiji, Africa.

Henry Stanley and David Livingstone
1925 Actor Richard Burton (Richard Jenkins) was born in Pontrhydyfen, South Wales.
1935 Film actor Roy ("You're gonna need a bigger boat.") Scheider was born in Orange, New Jersey.

Roy Scheider in Jaws
1940 John T. Flynn announced to the Keep America Out of War Congress that Franklin D. Roosevelt planned to lead America into war to divert attention from the failure of the New Deal.

John T. Flynn
1961 The Institute for Humane Studies was founded by F. A. "Baldy" Harper. It is a libertarian non-profit organization that offers educational and career programs.

F. A. Harper
1989 Germans began to tear down the Berlin Wall.


November 11
1744 Abigail Smith Adams was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts.
1821 Novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky was born in Moscow, Russia.
1868 The New York Track Club held the world's first indoor meet.
1922 Writer Kurt Vonnegut Jr. was born in Indianapolis, Indiana.
1925 Comedian Jonathan Winters was born in Bellbrook, Ohio.

Jonathan Winters
1962 Actress Demi Moore was born in Roswell, New Mexico.
1964 Actress Calista Flockhart was born in Freeport, Illinois.


November 12
1815 Abolitionist and women's rights champion Elizabeth Cady (Stanton) was born in Johnstown, New York.
1833 Composer Aleksandr Borodin was born in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1840 Sculptor Auguste Rodin was born in Paris, France.
1929 Actress Grace Kelly was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Grace Kelly
1945 Singer and songwriter Neil Young was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
1961 Gymnast Nadia Comaneci was born in Onesti, Romania.

Nadia Comaneci


November 13
1839 The Liberty Party, an antislavery party, held its first national convention in Warsaw, New York.
1850 Author Robert Louis Stevenson was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Robert Louis Stevenson
1915 Writer Nathaniel Benchley (son of Robert Benchley and father of Peter Benchley) was born in Newton, Massachusetts. One of his novels was the basis for the movie The Russians Are Coming. The Russians Are Coming.

Nathaniel Benchley and a poster for a movie based on one of his novels
1941 Yankee pitcher (1964-1974) and coach Mel Stottlemyre was born in Hazleton, Missouri.

Mel Stottlemyre
1949 Comedienne and actress Whoopi Goldberg (Caryn Johnson) was born in New York City.

Whoopi Goldberg
1963 NFL quarterback Vinny Testaverde was born in New York City.
1967 Comedian Jimmy Kimmel was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1969 Author and heroic critic of Islam, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, was born in Mogadishu, Somalia.

Ayaan Hirsi Ali


November 14
1765 Robert Fulton, painter, engineer, and steamboat pioneer, was born in Little Britain, Pennsylvania.
1840 Painter Claude Monet was born in Paris, France.

Claude Monet and one of his paintings
1966 Star pitcher Kurt Schilling was born in Anchorage, Alaska.


November 15
1887 Painter Georgia O'Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin.

Georgia O'Keeffe and two of her paintings
1932 Singer Petulia Clark was born in Ewell, Surrey, England.
1969 An anti-war rally in Washington D.C. drew 250,000 people in protest against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.


November 16
1800 The Kentucky Resolutions, drafted by Thomas Jefferson in reaction against the Alien and Sedition acts, were approved. When Congress "assumes undelegated powers, its acts are ... void and of no force."

Thomas Jefferson
1811 John Bright, crusader for free trade, was born in Lancashire, England.

John Bright
1889 Comedy script writer George S. Kaufman was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1967 Actress Lisa Bonet was born in San Francisco, California.


November 17
1790 Astronomer and mathematician August Mobius was born in Schulpforte, Germany.
1794 Historian George Grote was born at Clay Hill in Kent, England. He is now best known for his major work, the voluminous History of Greece.
1866 Anarchist writer Voltairine de Cleyre was born in Leslie, Michigan. Probably Voltairine's best-known intellectual contribution is the essay "Anarchism and American Traditions," in which she shows how the ideas of anarchism follow naturally from the premises on which the American Revolution was based. The Revolutionary Republicans, she says, "took their starting point for deriving a minimum of government upon the same sociological ground that the modern Anarchist derives the no-government theory; viz., that equal liberty is the political ideal." But the anarchist, unlike the revolutionary republicans, she goes on to point out, cannot accept the premise of majority rule. All governments, regardless of their form, say the anarchists, will always be manipulated by a small minority. She then goes on to cite other similarities between the ideas of the anarchists and the republicans, including the belief in local initiative and independent action. "This then was the American Tradition," she writes, "that private enterprise manages better all that to which it is equal. Anarchism declares that private enterprise, whether individual or cooperative, is equal to all the undertakings of society."

Voltairine de Cleyre
1906 Motorcycle and automobile manufacturer Soichiro Honda was born in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.
1944 Comedic actor and director Danny DeVito was born in Neptune, New Jersey.
1944 Pitcher George Thomas (Tom) Seaver was born in Fresno, California.
1989 The "Velvet Revolution," the anti-socialist reform movement, began in the former Czechoslovakia.


November 18
1787 Louis Daguerre, inventor of photography, was born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, Val-d'Oise, France.

Louis Daguerre
1836 Poet, lyricist, and playwright W. S. Gilbert was born in London, England.

W. S. Gilbert
1908 Comedienne and TV star Imogene Coca was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Imogene Coca
1909 Songwriter Johnny Mercer was born in Savannah, Georgia.
1949 Jackie Robinson was named the National League's Most Valuable Player.

Jackie Robinson
1968 Baseball star Gary Sheffield was born in Tampa, Florida.


November 19
1620 Pilgrims arrived off Cape Cod, Massachusetts, aboard the Mayflower.
1752 American Revolutionary War general George Rogers Clark was born in Albermarle County, Virginia.
1812 The third US attempt to invade Canada collapsed when American troops refused to leave New York State and forced their leader General Henry Dearborn to march them back to Plattsburg.
1874 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed was convicted of 204 counts of fraud.
1905 Band leader Tommy Dorsey was born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania.

Tommy Dorsey
1921 Baseball Hall of Fame catcher Roy Campanella was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1961 Actress Meg Ryan was born in Fairfield, Connecticut.

Meg Ryan
1962 Actress Jodie Foster was born in Los Angeles, California.

Jodie Foster


November 20
1680 John Culpeper was acquitted of treason at a trial in London after leading a popular uprising in South Carolina in opposition to English trade laws.
1772 Sam Adams presented the Boston Resolves, which started with, "Among the natural rights of the Colonists are these: First, a right to life; Secondly, to liberty; Thirdly, to property; together with the right to support and defend them in the best manner they can. These are evident branches of, rather than deductions from, the duty of self-preservation, commonly called the first law of nature."

Samuel Adams
1789 New Jersey ratified the Bill of Rights.
1889 Astronomer Edwin Hubble was born in Marshfield, Missouri.
1920 Actress Gene Tierney was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1938 Carol (Halliday) Drew was born the Bronx, New York.

Carol Drew
1939 Comedian Dick Smothers was born in New York City.


November 21
1694 Philosopher, writer, and wit Voltaire (Jean Francois Marie Arouet) was born in Paris, France.

Voltaire
1870 Anarchist Alexander Berkman was born in Vilnius, Russia.
1877 Thomas Edison announced the invention of the phonograph.

Thomas Edison
1920 Baseball great Stan Musial was born in Donora, Pennsylvania. (Baseball star George Kenneth Griffy, Jr. was born in the same town on the same day 49 years later.)

Stan Musial
1945 Actress Goldie Hawn was born in Washington, D. C.

Goldie Hawn
1969 Baseball star George Kenneth Griffy, Jr. was born in Donora, Pennsylvania. (Baseball great Stan Musial was born in the same town on the same day 49 years earlier.)
1980 The "Who Shot J. R.?" episode of Dallas drew a record-breaking 86,600,000 viewers.

Larry Hagman as J. R. Ewing


November 22
1542 New laws were passed in Burgos, Spain to protect Indians in America against enslavement.
1899 Composer and reformed lawyer Hoagie Carmichael was born in Bloomington, Indiana.
1921 Comedian Rodney Dangerfield (Jacob Cohen) was born in Babylon on Long Island.
1958 Actress Jamie Lee Curtis was born in Los Angeles, California.

Jamie Lee Curtis
1967 Tennis champion Boris Becker was born in Liemen, Germany.


November 23
1765 People of Frederick County, Maryland, refused to pay England's stamp tax.
1774 The Minutemen began organizing in Massachusetts. Minutemen were members of teams of select men from the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War. They provided a highly mobile, rapidly deployed force that allowed the colonies to respond immediately to war threats, hence the name.

Statues of Minutemen
1887 Boris Karloff (William Henry Pratt), horror movie star, was born in London, England.

Boris Karloff and the "Monster" he played in Frankenstein movies
1893 Comedian and harpist Adolph "Harpo" Marx was born in New York City.

Harpo Marx
1900 Claude Monet's paintings were shown at Gallery Durand-Ruel in Paris, France.

Painting by Claude Monet
1936 The first issue of Life magazine was published.

The first issue of Life magazine
1940 Pitching great Louis Tiant was born in Marianao, Cuba.
1945 World War II food rationing ended, except for sugar.


November 24
1713 Writer Lawrence Sterne was born in Clonmel, Ireland.
1819 The Champlain Canal was declared navigable and open for business from Fort Edward, New York, to the southern end of Lake Champlain.

Champlain Canal
1832 The South Carolina legislature passed an Ordinance of Nullification, which nullified the existing tariff laws of the United States in South Carolina. The Ordinance stated that no appeal would be allowed in the U. S. Supreme Court or any other court outside South Carolina.
1864 Painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born in Albi, France.

Works by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
1878 Libertarian publisher Raymond Cyrus "R. C." Hoiles was born in Alliance, Ohio. He was president of Freedom Newspapers from 1950 to 1970.

R. C. Hoiles
1938 Basketball Hall of Fame guard Oscar Robertson was born in Charlotte, Tennessee.


November 25
1783 The British army left New York.
1835 Industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.

Andrew Carnegie
1914 Yankee great Joe DiMaggio was born in Martinez, California.

Joe DiMaggio
1926 Science-fiction author Poul Anderson was born in Bristol, Pennsylvania.

Poul Anderson
1947 Actor John Larroquette was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1951 Yankee shortstop Russel Earl O'Day "Bucky" Dent was born in Savannah, Georgia.


November 26
1792 Abolitionist Sarah Grimke was born in Charleston, South Carolina.
1876 Willis Haviland Carrier was born in Angola, New York. He invented the first air conditioner. By controlling temperature and humidity, air conditioners provide comfort and controlled environments needed in science and industry and in the protection of fine art.
1922 Charles M. Schultz, creator of Peanuts, was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
1933 Singer and Broadway star Robert Goulet was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
1938 Comedian and impressionist Rich Little was born in Ottawa, Canada.
1938 Singer Tina Turner was born in Nutbush, Tennessee.

Tina Turner


November 27
1874 Historian Charles Beard was born in Knightstown, Indiana.
1909 Screenwriter and author James Agee was born in Knoxville, Tennessee.
1911 Theatrical producer David Merrick was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
1917 Entertainer and TV pioneer "Buffalo" Bob Smith was born in Buffalo, New York.

Buffalo Bob and Howdy Doody


November 28
1757 William Blake, poet, artist, and philosopher, was born in London, England.
1894 Economist and social philosopher Henry Hazlitt was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Henry Hazlitt
1929 Berry Gordy, Jr., cofounder of Motown record company, was born in Detroit, Michigan.
1943 Singer and songwriter Randy Newman was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1949 Musician Paul Shaffer was born in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
1950 Actor, writer, and director Ed Harris was born in Englewood, New Jersey.

Poster with Ed Harris in the forefront
1962 Comedian Jon Stewart Leibowitz was born in New York City.
1963 The Beatles "I Want to Hold Your Hand" became the first song to sell more than a million copies before its release.

The Beatles


November 29
1811 American libertarian and abolitionist Wendell Phillips was born in Boston, Massachusetts.

Wendell Phillips
1832 Author Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
1898 Writer and scholar C. S. Lewis was born in Belfast, Ireland.
1969 Yankee pitching star Mariano Rivera was born in Panama City, Panama.

Mariano Rivera
1989 Czechoslovakia ended 41 years of one-party communist rule.


November 30
1667 Satirist Johnathan Swift was born in Dublin, Ireland.

Jonathan Swift
1812 General Smythe's troops turned on him and refused to invade Canada.
1835 Writer Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) was born in Florida, Missouri.

Mark Twain
1927 Actor Richard Crenna was born in Los Angeles, California.
1965 Comedic actor Ben Stiller was born in New York City.
1971 Baseball All-Star catcher Ivan "Pudge" Rodriguez was born in Vega Baja, Puerto Rico.

Go to December.

Go back to the table of contents.

Back to Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday

This page was last updated on December 17, 2013.
This site is maintained by Roy Halliday. If you have any comments or suggestions, please send them to royhalliday@mindspring.com.