Essayist Joseph Addison was born
in Milston, Wiltshire, England.
Construction began in Chicago of the Home Insurance Company
building, the world's first skyscraper.
Home Insurance Company Building
Economist Benjamin M. Anderson was born in Columbia, Missouri.
The World's Columbian Exposition opened in Chicago. It featured the first Ferris wheel.
World's Columbian Exposition
Singer Kate Smith was born in Greenville, Virginia.
African-American Archie Williams was born in Oakland, California.
In 1936 he won the gold medal in the 400-meter track race
at the Berlin Olympics, refuting Hitler's theory of the superiority
of Aryan athletes. He was a mechanical engineer and airplane
pilot. For 22 years he trained pilots at the Tuskegee Institute,
including the black air corps of WWII.
Actor Glenn Ford was born in
Sainte-Christine, Quebec, Canada.
Comedian and TV personality Jack Paar was born in Canton, Ohio.
Babe Ruth hit his first home run as a Yankee.
It went over the roof in right field at the Polo Grounds.
The Empire State Building opened as the world's tallest building.
Empire State Building
Singer Rita Coolidge was born in Nashville, Tennessee.
Gary Drew was born in Norwalk, Connecticut.
The King James Version of the Bible was published.
Humorist Jerome K. Jerome was born
in Caldmore, Walsall, England.
Dr. Benjamin Spock, anti-war activist and
authority on child care, was born in New Haven, Connecticut.
Dr. Benjamin Spock
Comedian and TV star Pinky Lee (Pincus Leff)
was born in St. Paul, Minnesota.
Singer and actor Theodore Bikel was born in Vienna, Austria.
Singer Lesley Gore was born in Tenafly, New Jersey.
Stan Musial hit five home runs in two games
for the St. Louis Cardinals.
Freeholders in Suffolk, New York, rebelled against the Dominion
of New York City and ousted appointed officials.
Singer, composer, and actor Bing Crosby
(Harry Lillis Crosby) was born in Tacoma, Washington.
NY Yankee pitcher (1930-1942, 1945-1946) Charles
Red Ruffing was born in Granville, Illinois.
Champion boxer "Sugar Ray" Robinson
was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Singer Frankie Valli was born in Newark, New Jersey.
The NY Yankees scored 11 runs in the 9th inning.
Gil McDougald drove in 6 of them
with a triple and a grand slam home run.
A massive Anti-Vietnam War demonstration, took place in Washington DC.
U.S. Catholic bishops called for elimination of all nuclear weapons and a ban
on nuclear war.
Rhode Island spokesmen declared independence from Great Britain.
President James Monroe vetoed a bill
appropriating money to repair the Cumberland Road.
He asserted that the federal government did not have the right to operate
and hold jurisdiction over public roads or any other internal improvement.
Writer T. H. Huxley was born in Ealing, England.
Frederick Church, Hudson River school painter,
was born in Hartford, Connecticut.
Yosemite Valley and Niagra Falls by Frederick Church
Belmont race track opened in New York.
Actress Audry Hepburn (Edna van Heemstra Hepburn-Rusten)
was born near Brussels, Belgium.
Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Joe DiMaggio
played his first game as a Yankee. He got 3 hits, drove in a run,
and scored 3 runs.
A Superior Court judge ordered the release of 12,000 people arrested
by Washington DC police during a demonstration against the Vietnam war.
Mexicans defeated invading French soldiers at the Battle of Puebla.
Journalist Nellie Bly (nee Elizabeth Jane Cochran) was born
in Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania.
She exposed the inhumane conditions that prevailed in "insane asylums"
by posing as an inmate and then documenting her experiences.
She was also an adventurer who traveled around the world in 72 days,
out-doing Jules Verne's fictional character Phineas Fogg by 8 days.
Carnegie Hall opened in New York City with a performance of works by Tchaikovsky.
Cy Young pitched the first perfect game
in major-league history.
Actor Tyrone Power was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
NY Yankee outfielder (1951-1956, 1960-1962) Bob Cerv
was born in Weston, Nebraska.
Comedian Michael Palin was born in Sheffield, England.
Denmark Liberation Day. The Nazi German army left Denmark.
The Virginia convention instructed their representatives to move
Negotiation for the evacuation of British troops began.
The Paris Exposition, with the Eiffel Tower, opened.
Movie star Rudolph Valentino
(Rodolpho Alfonzo Rafaello Filiberto Guglieimi Di Valentina D'Antonguolla)
was born in Castellaneta, Italy.
Actor and film maker Orson Wells
was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin.
Babe Ruth hit his first major league home run
for the Boston Red Sox against the New York Yankees.
Baseball star Willie Mays was born in Westfield, Alabama.
Actor George Clooney was born at Agusta, Kentucky.
Roger Bannister became the first person to run a mile
in under 4 minutes.
Philosopher and historian David Hume
was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Beethoven's ninth symphony premiered in Vienna, Austria.
Ludwig Van Beethoven
Composer Johannes Brahms was born in Hamburg, Germany.
Composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky was born in Vatkinsk, Russia.
Western movie actor George "Gabby" Hayes was born in Stannards, New York.
Movie star Frank James (Gary) Cooper was born in Helena, Montana.
Actor Darren McGavin was born in Spokane, Washington.
Singer Teresa Brewer was born in Toledo, Ohio.
Football Hall of Fame quarterback Johnny Unitas was born
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Antoine Lavoisier, the father of modern chemistry, was
born in Paris, France.
Jean Henri Dunant, founder of the Red Cross, was born in
Religious freedom was proclaimed in Spain.
Philosopher Jose Ortega y Gasset was born in Madrid, Spain.
Dr. John Styth perfected the syrup for Coca Cola.
Economist and social philosopher Friederich von Hayek
was born in Vienna, Austria.
Friedrich von Hayek
Comedian Don Rickles was born
in Queens, New York.
Peter Benchley, author of Jaws, was born
in New York City.
Singer Toni Tennille was born in Montgomery, Alabama.
Football star Ronnie Lott was born
in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Jim "Catfish" Hunter pitched a perfect game.
The first cartoon in America was published by
The first political cartoon in America and its author Benjamin Franklin
A motion was made in the British Parliament to abolish the slave
Sir James Barrie, author of Peter Pan,
was born in Kirriemuir, Scotland.
General David Hunter issued orders to free all slaves in
South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
(Dictator Abraham Lincoln countermanded the orders
on May 19, 1862.)
Tennis star Pancho Gonzales was born in Los Angeles,
Singer and songwriter Billy Joel was born
in Hicksville, New York.
Baseball star Tony Gwynn was born in Los Angeles, California.
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, early theorist
of marginal utility, subjective value, and free trade, was born in Paris, France.
Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys
captured Fort Ticonderoga.
Ethan Allen and Fort Ticonderoga
Dancer, choreographer, singer, actor, and movie star Fred Austerlitz (Fred Astaire)
was born in Omaha, Nebraska.
Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
Congress passed the largest tax cut in 20 years.
The first fire insurance policy in the US was issued in Philadelphia.
German chemist Friedrich Kekulé devised the benzene theory.
The new understanding of benzene, and hence of all aromatic compounds, proved to be
so important for both pure and applied chemistry that in 1890 the German Chemical Society
organized an elaborate appreciation in Kekulé's honor, celebrating the twenty-fifth
anniversary of his first benzene paper.
Composer Irving Baline (Berlin)
was born in Tyumen, Siberia.
Surrealist painter Salvador Dali was
born in Figueras, Spain.
Salvador Dali and two of his paintings
Comedian Phil Silvers was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Comedian Mort Sahl was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Physician Robert Jarvik, who invented the artificial heart,
was born in Midland, Michigan.
The first heart and lung transplant was performed in Baltimore.
Amari Halliday was born in Wichita Falls, Texas.
Patriots met at Fauneil Hall and agreed to send food to Boston to
sustain the inhabitants while the port was closed.
Seth Warner and the Green Mountain Boys captured Crown Point.
Nurse Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy.
NY Yankee catcher (1946-1963), Baseball Hall of Fame inductee, and philosopher
Lawrence "Yogi" Berra
was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
Composer Burt Bacharach was born in Kansas City, Missouri.
The Chicago World's fair opened.
Comedian George Carlin was born in New York City.
Libertarian science-fiction novelist L. Neil Smith
was born in Denver, Colorado.
L. Neil Smith
The Right-Wing Individualist Tradition in America series of reprints,
edited by Murray Rothbard, was released by Arno Press.
The Boston Committee of Correspondence joined with other committees in
urging all colonists to boycott trade with England.
Composer Arthur Sullivan was born in London, England.
Champion boxer Joe Louis was born near Lafayette, Alabama.
Actor Harvey Keitel was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Mary Wells, Motown's first singing star, was born
in Detroit, Michigan.
Singer and songwriter Steveland Hardaway (Stevie Wonder)
was born in Saginaw, Michigan.
hit 3 consecutive home runs into the centerfield bleachers in Yankee
Stadium. He hit 2 left-handed and 1 right-handed. Each one traveled more than
463 feet (the distance to the centerfield wall).
hit the 500th home run of his career, a 7th-inning game-winner
against the Orioles at Yankee Stadium.
Physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit was born in Danzig, Germany.
Painter Thomas Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, England.
Paintings by Thomas Gainsborough
Edward Jenner invented a vaccine against smallpox .
NY Yankee outfielder (1924-1935) Earle Combs
was born Pebworth, Kentucky.
Singer and actor Bobby Darin was born in New York City.
Movie maker George Lukas was born in Modesta, California.
Ernie Kovacs hosted his first TV show.
Ernie Kovacs and some of the characters he portrayed on his TV show
Actress Cate Blanchett was born in
Virginia voted for independence.
The Continental Congress renounced allegiance to
Frank L. Baum, author of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz,
was born in Chittenango, New York.
Pierre Curie, co-discoverer of radium, was born in Paris, France.
The Arbitration Society of America was formed in New York City.
Singer Trini Lopez was born in Dallas, Texas.
began his record-breaking 56-consecutive-game hitting streak.
Baseball star George Brett
was born in Glen Dale, West Virginia.
Elizabeth Peabody, educator, author, and publisher, was
born in Billerica, Massachusetts.
Actor Henry Fonda was born in Grand Island, Nebraska.
Yankee infielder (1950-1953, 1955-1967)
and manager Alfred Billy Martin was born in
Olympic gold medal gymnast Olga Korbut
was born in Grondo, USSR.
Sam Snead became the first golfer to break 60
in 18-hole tournament play.
Pop singer and exhibitionist Janet Jackson
was born in Gary, Indiana.
Dr. Edward Jenner, inventor of the smallpox vaccine,
was born in Berkeley, England.
James "Cool Papa" Bell, Baseball Hall of Fame
inductee who has been called the fastest man to ever play the game,
was born in Starkville, Mississippi.
"Cool Papa" Bell
Libertarian science-fiction and horror novelist and physician F. Paul Wilson
was born in Jersey City, New Jersey.
F. Paul Wilson
Boxing champion "Sugar" Ray Leonard was born
in Wilmington, North Carolina.
Soccer star Mia Hamm was born
in Selma, Alabama.
A law was enacted in Rhode Island that made slavery illegal in that colony.
Moral philosopher Joseph Butler was born in Wantage, Berkshire, England.
Civil War photographer Mathew Brady was born
in Warren County, New York.
Philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell
was born in Trelleck, Wales.
Singer Pierno (Perry) Como
was born in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
Anti-communist Pope John Paul II (Karol Wojtyla) was
born in Wadowice, Poland.
Pope John Paul II
Actor Dwayne Hickman, who played Dobie Gillis on TV,
was born in Los Angeles, California.
Dwayne Hickman as Dobie Gillis
Great third-baseman Brooks Robinson
was born in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Baseball slugger Reggie Jackson was born
in Wyncote, Pennsylvania.
Comedy writer and actress Elizabeth Stamatina (Tina Fey) was born
in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania.
Entrepreneur, philanthropist, and abolitionist Johns Hopkins
was born in Bethesda, Maryland.
Louis Pasteur perfected a method for treating rabies.
Shoes were mass produced for the first time
(by Jan Matzelinger in Lynn, Massachusetts).
Yankee infielder (1951-1960)
Gil McDougald was born in San Francisco, California.
Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
Margaret Mitchell and her masterpiece
Rhode Island became the third colony to defy the British ban
on trade with the Dutch.
According to North Carolinian folklore, citizens of Mecklenburg County assembled in Charlotte
on this date, and wrote a declaration of independence from Britain, known as the
"Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence." If this legend is true, the declaration antedated the
less freedom-seeking Resolves by eleven days and the Declaration of Independence
by more than a year.
Novelist Honore de Balzac was born in Tours, France.
North Carolina declared its independence again by seceding from the Union
on the traditional anniversary of the Mecklenberg Declaration of Independence.
"The Tar Heel State, which only acted after Lincoln called for troops, became a bulwark of
the Confederate defense, providing more men and supplies to the CSA and suffering more
casualties than any other Southern state. In the end, most Tar Heels seceded in the name
The US Supreme Court declared the whole income tax law
Actor Jimmy Stewart was born in Indiana, Pennsylvania.
Norman Rockwell's first cover for the
Saturday Evening Post was published.
Norman Rockwell and a cover with one of his paintings
Lonesome comedian George Gobel was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Charles Lindbergh took off from Roosevelt Field,
Long Island on the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
Yankee outfielder, infielder, and designated hitter (1965-1966, 1969-1974)
Bobby Mercer was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Singer and actress Cher (Cherylynn Sarkisian)
was born in El Centro, California.
The Libertarian Party of California was founded.
Renaissance painter and engraver Albrecht Durer
was born in Nuremberg, Germany.
Paintings by Albrecht Durer (self-portrait on the left)
Poet Alexander Pope was born in London, England.
Inventor and aviator Glenn Curtiss was born
in Hammondsport, New York.
Clara Barton organized the American Red Cross.
Charles Lindbergh landed in Paris after a 37-hour,
solo flight from New York.
Actor Judge Reinhold was born in Wilmington, Delaware.
The first atlas, with 70 maps, was published.
Richard Wagner, opera composer whose music is
better than it sounds, was born in Leipzig, Germany.
Impressionist painter Mary Cassatt was born in
Allegheny City, Pennsylvania.
Paintings by Mary Cassatt (self-portrait on the left)
Arthur Connan Doyle, author of Sherlock Holmes stories,
was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Actor, director, and theater manager Lawrence Olivier
was born in Dorking, England.
Baseball pitching star Tommy John
was born in Terre Haute, Indiana.
Man, Economy, and State by Murray Rothbard
hit a home run off the facade in right field in Yankee Stadium.
The ball struck the facade less than 6 feet below the roof. Experts estimate
the ball would have traveled 734 feet if unobstructed.
Mickey said this was the hardest he ever hit a ball.
Mickey Mantle's hardest hit home run
Supermodel Naomi Campbell was born in
Botanist Carl Linnaeus was born
in Almhult, Sweden.
Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals. He explained his
invention on this day in a letter to George Whatley.
Musician and bandleader Artie Shaw was born in
New York City.
Singer Rosemary Clooney was born in Maysville, Kentucky.
Boxing champion Marvin Hagler was born in
Newark, New Jersey.
Comedian Drew Carey was born in
The Supreme Court of the United States upheld federal regulations that prohibit
federally funded family planning clinics from providing any information about
Samuel Morse telegraphed the first message
from Washington to Baltimore.
The Brooklyn Bridge opened.
The Brooklyn Bridge from the east
At Crosley Field in Cincinnati, Ohio, the Cincinnati Reds defeated the
Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 in the first
night baseball game played in the major leagues.
drove in 11 runs in one game by hitting 2 grand slam home runs,
a solo home run, and a 2-run triple, and, in the same game,
Ben Chapman set the major league
record by reaching base 7 times in 9 innings by getting 5 walks and hitting 2
doubles while the Yankees defeated the Athletics 25-2.
Songwriter Bob Dylan (Robert Zimmerman)
was born in Duluth, Minnesota.
The epic libertarian movie Braveheart premiered.
Libertarian philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson
was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore premiered.
Tap dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robinson
was born in Richmond, Virginia.
Heavyweight boxing champion James Joseph (Gene) Tunney was
born in New York City.
Libertarian writer Karl Hess was born
in Washington D. C.
Jesse Owens broke five world records and tied a sixth
at a track meet in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Actress Anne Heche was born in Aurora, Ohio.
Singer, songwriter, actress, and model Lauryn Hill was born
in South Orange, New Jersey.
Star Wars (the good one "New Hope") was released.
Dred Scott and his family were freed from slavery.
Entertainer Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson) was born
in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Actor Marion Morrison (John Wayne)
was born in Winterset, Iowa.
Singer Peggy Lee (Norma Egstrom)
was born in Jamestown, North Dakota.
TV star James Arness was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
James Arness as Marshall Matt Dillon
Singer Stevie Nicks was born in Phoenix, Arizona.
Singer Hank Williams Jr. was born in Shreveport, Louisiana.
Julia Ward Howe, abolitionist, author,
philanthropist, and author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic"
was born in New York City.
Lysander Spooner's "Letter to Thomas Bayard," was published
in Liberty magazine.
Lysander Spooner and Liberty magazine
Mystery writer Dashiell Hammett
was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland.
Actor Vincent Price was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
Golfing great Sam Snead was born in Hot Springs, Virginia.
Actor Christopher Lee was born in London, England.
The Chrysler Building was opened to the public
in New York City.
The Chrysler Building
Jazz musician Ramsey Lewis was born in Los Angeles, California.
The Supreme Court declared the National Industrial Recovery
Actor Lou Gossett, Jr. was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Jim Thorpe, professional football and baseball star and winner
of the 1912 Olympic Games pentathlon and decathlon competitions, was
born near Prague, Oklahoma.
Ian Flemming, author of James Bond novels,
was born in London, England.
The first Technicolor movie premiered (On With the Show).
Singer Gladys Knight was born in Atlanta, Georgia.
Revolution leader Patrick Henry
was born in Studley, Virginia.
The Committee of Mechanics in New York urged New York delegates to vote
With a few exceptions, President Andrew Johnson
granted amnesty and pardons to those who fought for independence from
the United States.
Author G. K. Chesterton was born in London, England.
Comedian Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope
was born in Eltham, England.
Glen Curtiss made a successful cross-country flight
down the Hudson River from Albany to New York.
The Bronx-Whitestone Bridge opened to traffic.
The Bronx-Whitestone Bridge
Tensing Norgay and Edmund Hillary
became the first to climb to the top of Mount Everest.
Tensing Norgay, Edmund Hillary, and Mount Everest
Patrick Henry's resolutions asserting the right of
self-government and denouncing the Stamp Act
passed in Virginia's House of Burgesses after they listened
to Henry's "If this be treason" speech.
Patrick Henry speaking
Anarchist philosopher Mikhail Bakunin was born in Torzhok, Russia.
War critic Randolph Bourne was born in Bloomfield, New Jersey.
Mel Blanc, voice
of many cartoon characters, was born in San Francisco, California.
Band leader and musician Benny Goodman
was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Actor Michael J. Pollard was born in Passaic, New Jersey.
Michael J. Pollard
Football Hall of Fame running back Gale Sayers
was born in Wichita, Kansas.
hit a 3-run home run off the facade in right field in Yankee Stadium.
The ball struck the facade less than 18" below the roof.
According to tradition, Lady Godiva
rode naked through the streets of Coventry, England, to protest taxes.
Lady Godiva protesting taxes
The Mecklenburg Resolves were passed on this date in
Mecklenburg, North Carolina.
In the document the people declare that the king of England and his laws are
“null and void” in the colonies and that the only legitimate political entity in
the colonies are the “provincial” legislatures and the “Great Continental Congress.”
In the end the Mecklenburg Resolves declare that the colonies, not just Mecklenburg
itself, are sovereign entities independent of the king and Parliament.
William Worrall Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic,
was born in Manchester, England.
Clint Eastwood, movie actor, director, and producer,
was born in San Francisco, California.
Clint Eastwood as Rowdy Yates
Singer and songwriter Peter Yarrow was born in New York City.
Football star Joe Namath
was born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania.
Seinfeld premiered on NBC.
The stars of Seinfeld
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