March


March 1
1780 An act to abolish slavery was passed in Pennsylvania.
1809 The Embargo Act was repealed because Congress finally figured out that it was detrimental to American economic interests.
1810 Composer Frederic Chopin was born in Warsaw, Poland.

Frederic Chopin
1904 Band leader and composer Glenn Miller was born in Clarinda, Iowa.

Glenn Miller
1910 Movie star David Niven was born in Kirriemuir, Scotland.
1922 William Gaines, founder of Mad magazine, was born in the Bronx, New York.
1954 Actor and movie director Ron Howard was born in Duncan, Oklahoma.
1968 "The Death of Politics" by Karl Hess was published in Playboy magazine.

Karl Hess
1969 Joe Peden began publishing The Libertarian Forum edited by Murray Rothbard.
1970 The individualist anarchist periodical The Abolitionist began.
1989 The 75-year long prohibition of beer was lifted in Iceland. This anniversary is celebrated in pubs and restaurants all over Reykjavik.


March 2
1778 Lafayette was recalled from commanding an aborted invasion of Canada.
1807 Congress passed an act prohibiting the importation of slaves after January 1, 1808.
1836 Texans declared their independence from Mexico.
1904 Dr. Seuss (Theodor Geisel), author of children's books, was born in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1909 Baseball great, and frequent crossword puzzle answer, Mel Ott was born in Gretna, Louisiana.

Mel Ott
1917 Band leader, actor, and TV show producer, Desi Arnaz was born in Santiago, Cuba.
1923 Bluegrass musician Doc Watson was born in Deep Gap, North Carolina.
1926 Murray Rothbard, "Mr. Libertarian," was born in the Bronx, New York.

Murray Rothbard
1931 Journalist and social critic Tom Wolfe was born in Richmond, Virginia.

Tom Wolfe
1950 Singer Karen Carpenter was born in New Haven, Connecticut.
1962 Singer Jon Bon Jovi (John Bongiovi) was born in Sayreville, New Jersey.
1962 Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points against the New York Knicks.


March 3
1756 Anarchist philosopher William Godwin was born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England.
1819 Gustave de Molinari, the first economist to write in defense of anarcho-capitalism, was born in Liege, Netherlands.

Gustave de Molinari and The Production of Security
1831 George Pullman, railroad sleeping car designer, was born in Brocton, New York.
1847 Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Alexander Graham Bell
1955 Elvis Presley made his first TV appearance.

Elvis Presley
1962 Track star Jackie Joyner-Kersee was born in East St. Louis, Illinois.


March 4
1634 Samuel Cole opened the first tavern in Boston, Massachusetts.
1678 Composer and violinist Antonio Vivaldi was born in Venice, Italy.

Antonio Vivaldi
1801 In his inaugural address Thomas Jefferson described his libertarian foreigh policy this way, "Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations--entangling alliances with none."

Thomas Jefferson
1888 Football coach Knute Rockne was born in Voss, Norway.
1901 Bridge expert and columnist Charles Goren was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1932 Singer Miriam Makeba was born in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Miriam Makeba
1962 The Laissez Faire bookstore opened in New York City.

John Muller and Sharon Presley operators of the Laissez Faire Bookstore


March 5
1512 Map maker Gerhardus Mercator was born in Rumpelmonde, Belgium.
1770 Lord North moved to end the Townsend taxes except for the tea tax.
1824 Lithographer James Merrit Ives was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.

Lithographs by Currier and Ives

1887 Musician and composer Heitor Villa-Lobos was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Heitor Villa-Lobos

1893 Emmett Culligan, Jr. was born in Yankton, South Dakota. He founded the world's largest water treatment organization.
1908 Actor Reginald Carey (Rex Harrison) was born in Huyton, England.

Rex Harrison
1962 The Great Explosion, an anarchistic science-fiction novel by Eric Frank Russell, was published.


March 6
1475 Painter and sculptor Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni was born in Caprese, Italy.

Michelangelo
1745 Revolutionary War leader Casimir Pulaski was born in Winiary, Poland. He organized the Pulaski Legion to wage guerrilla warfare against the British. He saved George Washington's life.

Casimir Pulaski
1844 Composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov was born in Tikhvin, Russia.
1885 Short-story writer Ring Lardner was born in Niles, Michigan.
1900 Pitching star Lefty Grove was born in Lonaconing, Maryland.
1906 Comedian Lou Costello was born in Patterson, New Jersey.

Bud Abbot and Lou Costello
1940 Baseball star Willie Stargell was born in Earlsboro, Oklahoma.
1945 Actor and film maker Rob Reiner was born in the Bronx, New York.
1970 The Market for Liberty by Morris and Linda Tannehill was published. It was one of the first books to advocate replacing the state with free-market alternatives.

1972 Basketball giant Shaquille O'Neal was born in Newark, New Jersey.


March 7
1849 Botanist Luther Burbank was born in Lancaster, Massachusetts.
1875 Composer Maurice Ravel was born in Ciboure, France.
1917 The first jazz record, "Dixie Jazz Band One Step," was made by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band.
1940 Actor Daniel Travanti (Captain Frank Furillo on Hill Street Blues) was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin.
1946 Leonard Read started The Foundation for Economic Education.

Leonard Read
1960 Tennis champion Ivan Lendl was born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia.


March 8
1839 Josephine Cochrane was born in Ashtabula County, Ohio. She invented the first commercially successful dishwashing machine.
1859 Author Kenneth Grahame was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1863 Economist Frank A. Fetter was born in Peru, Indiana.

Frank A. Fetter
1930 Yankee pitcher (1954-1958) Bob Grim was born in New York City.
1939 Yankee pitcher (1962-1968) and author Jim Bouton was born in Newark, New Jersey.
1939 Georgia ratified the Bill of Rights.
1953 Baseball star Jim Rice was born in Anderson, South Carolina.


March 9
1451 Amerigo Vespucci, merchant, map maker, and explorer, was born in Florence, Italy. Martin Waldseemuller, a German map maker who had not heard about Christopher Columbus' discoveries decided to honor Amerigo Vespucci by placing his name on a map of the world published in 1507. At first "America" applied only to the southern continent, but soon it was used for both North and South America.
1793 Imprisonment for debt was abolished in France.
1841 The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Africans who mutinied and took over the Spanish slave ship Amistad and were subsequently captured by the U. S. warship Washington, had been illegally forced into slavery, and therefore, are free under American law.
1918 Detective story writer Mickey Spillane (Frank Morrison) was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1932 Singer Dorothy Jacqueline Keely (Keely Smith) was born in Norfolk, Virginia.

Keely Smith
1940 Actor Raul Julia was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
1943 Chess champion Bobby Fischer was born in Chicago, Illinois.


March 10
1628 Marcello Malpighi, physician, physiologist, author, teacher, and the "father of microscopic anatomy," was born near Bologna, Italy.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first complete intelligible sentence by telephone to his assistant in the next room in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Alexander Graham Bell
1880 Commissioner George Scott Railton and seven women officers arrived in New York to begin the work of the Salvation Army in the United States.
1882 "State Socialism and Anarchism," by Benjamin Tucker was published in Liberty. It shows that state socialism is not compatible with individual liberty.

Benjamin R. Tucker and his periodical Liberty
1910 Slavery was abolished in China.
1979 Fifteen thousand Iranian women protested Islamic rule.


March 11
1702 The Daily Courant, the first daily newspaper in England, appeared.
1950 Singer Bobby McFerrin (Don't Worry, Be Happy) was born in New York City.
1952 Science-fiction writer and humorist Douglas Adams was born in Cambridge, England.


March 12
1755 The first steam engine in the US was installed to pump water out of a mine.
1773 The Virginia House of Burgesses established a committee for intercolonial correspondence.
1835 Astronomer Simon Newcomb was born in Wallace, Nova Scotia, Canada.
1877 John Wanamaker opened the first department store in America.
1903 The New York Highlanders who became the New York Yankees were officially approved as members of the American League.
1930 Mohandas Gandhi led a 200-mile march to the coast of India to extract salt from the sea in protest against the government's salt tax.

Gandhi
1940 Singer/song writer Al Jarreau was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1948 Singer/song writer James Taylor was born in Boston, Massachusetts.


March 13
1733 Scientist Joseph Priestley was born in Fieldhead, England.
1776 The Continental Congress authorized privateering.
1791 The Rights of Man (Part 1) by Thomas Paine was published.
1855 Astronomer Percival Lowell was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
1865 The Confederate Congress authorized the use of slaves in the army. Slaves who enlisted to fight the invaders were were given their freedom.
1872 Oswald Garrison Villard, journalist and social philosopher, was born in Wiesbaden, Germany.
1886 Frank "Home Run" Baker, NY Yankee 3rd baseman (1916-1919, 1921-1922), was born in Trappe, Maryland.

Frank "Home Run" Baker
1939 Singer and songwriter Neil Sedaka was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1992 The FCC partially liberated radio frequencies.


March 14
1871 The Individualist and the Personal Rights Association were founded.
1879 Physicist Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.

Albert Einstein
1885 The Mikado by Gilbert and Sullivan premiered.

Gilbert and Sullivan's The Mikado

1919 Writer Max Shulman was born in St. Paul, Minnesota.

1933 Movie star Michael Caine (Maurice Joseph Micklewhite) was born in London, England.

Michael Caine
1933 Composer and arranger Quincy Jones was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1948 Comedian and actor Billy Crystal was born in Long Beach, New York.

Billy Crystal
1961 Baseball star Kirby Puckett was born in Chicago, Illinois.


March 15
1783 George Washington addressed a meeting of Continental army officers in Newburgh, New York and inspired them to rededicate themselves to the cause of independence.
1858 Horticulturist Liberty Hyde Bailey was born in South Haven, Michigan.
1944 Singer and musician Sylvester Stewart (Sly Stone) was born in Dallas, Texas.
1946 Baseball star Bobby Bonds was born in Riverside, California.


March 16
1789 Physicist George Simon Ohm was born in Erlangen, Germany.
1925 Comedian Jerry Lewis was born in Newark, New Jersey.


March 17
1766 The Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament.
1776 British troops evacuated Boston after American forces placed cannons recovered from Fort Ticonderoga on Dorcester Heights.
1902 Golf champion Bobby Jones was born in Atlanta, Georgia.
1919 Singer and pianist Nat "King" Cole was born in Montgomery, Alabama.

Nat "King" Cole
1920 Albert Jay Nock began publishing The Freeman magazine.

Albert Jay Nock and his book of selections from The Freeman magazine
1944 Singer and songwriter John Sebastian was born in New York City.
1951 Actor Kurt Russell was born in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1953 The Office of Price Stabilization formally ended all price controls in the United States.
1955 Actor Gary Sinise was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1959 Major league baseball and basketball player, coach, and general manager Danny Ainge was born in Eugene, Oregon.


March 18
1777 New Jersey's Committee of Safety was organized.
1858 Rudolf Diesel, inventor of the Diesel engine, was born in Paris, France.
1938 Singer Charley Pride was born in Sledge, Mississippi.
1959 Singer and actress Irene Cara was born in the Bronx, New York.
1963 Singer and actress Vanessa Williams was born in New York City.


March 19
1813 African explorer, missionary, and doctor David Livingstone was born in Blantyre, Scotland.

David Livingstone
1864 Cowboy and Western artist Charles Russell was born in St. Louis, Missouri.

Paintings by Charles Russell
1936 Movie star Ursula Andress was born in Berne, Switzerland.
1947 Actress Glenn Close was born in Greenwich, Connecticut.
1955 Actor Bruce Willis was born in Idar-Oberstein, Germany.

Bruce Willis


March 20
1828 Playwright Henrik Ibsen was born in Skien, Norway.

Henrik Ibsen
1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin was published.
1873 Composer and pianist Sergei Rachmaninov was born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia.
1911 Gilbert Halliday was born in the Bronx, New York.

Gilbert Halliday
1922 Comedian, writer, and director Carl Reiner was born in the Bronx, New York.

Carl Reiner
1931 Actor Hal Lindon (Harold Lipshitz) was born in the Bronx, New York.
1948 Ice-hockey star Bobby Orr was born at Perry Sound, Canada.
1950 Actor William Hurt was born in Washington, D. C.
1958 Actress Holly Hunter was born in Conyers, Georgia.


March 21
1869 Theatrical producer Florenz Ziegfeld was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1910 American vintner Julio Gallo was born in Oakland, California.


March 22
1457 The Gutenberg Bible became the first printed book.

Holy Bible published by Gutenberg
1621 Colonists in Plymouth, Massachusetts, made a treaty with the neighboring Indians that was kept on both sides for 50 years.
1621 Natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius escaped from prison.
1719 The serfs on Prussian royal land were freed.
1794 Slave trade with foreign countries was prohibited by an act of Congress.
1812 Anarchist social philosopher Stephen Pearl Andrews was born in Templeton, Massachusetts.

Stephen Pearl Andrews
1873 The slaves in Puerto Rico were freed.
1891 Comedian Chico Marx was born in New York City.

The Marx brothers with Chico on top
1908 Western novelist Louis LaMoore (L'Amour) was born in Jamestown, North Dakota.

Louis L'Amour and three of his western novels
1931 Comic actor William Shatner was born in Montreal, Canada.
1933 The Beer and Wine Revenue Act legalized beer and wine with alcohol content of 3.2% by weight.
1947 James Patterson, prolific author of thriller novels, was born in Newburg, New York.

Some of James Patterson's novels

1972 The NY Yankees obtained the great relief pitcher Walter "Sparky" Lyle from the Boston Red Sox in a trade that was much to the Yankees' advantage.

Sparky Lyle
1976 Actress Reese Witherspoon was born in Nashville, Tennessee.

Reese Witherspoon


March 23
1775 Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech to the Virginia convention in favor of arming the Virginia militia.

Patrick Henry delivering his "Liberty or Death" speech
1910 Movie director Akira Kurosawa was born in Tokyo, Japan.
1929 Roger Bannister, the first man to run a mile in under 4 minutes, was born in Harrow, Middlesex, England.
1953 Singer Chaka Khan (Yvette Maria Stevens) was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1954 Basketball star Moses Malone was born in Petersburg, Virginia.


March 24
1494 Georgius Agricola, the "father of mineralogy," was born in Glauchau, Saxony.
1788 Rhode Island had a referendum in which the proposed Constitution of the United States of America was rejected by a vote of 2,708 to 237.
1874 Magician and escape artist Harry Houdini was born in Budapest, Hungary.
1882 Dr. Robert Koch announced his discovery of tuberculoses bacillus.
1916 Author Donald Hamilton was born in Uppsala, Sweden.

Donald Hamilton between two of his novels
1930 Actor Steve McQueen was born in Beech Grove, Indiana.

Steve McQueen


March 25
1807 The English Parliament abolished the slave trade in the British Empire. Captains were fined 120 per slave transported.
1825 The University of Virginia was opened.
1908 Movie director David Lean was born in London, England.
1913 The Palace Theater opened in New York City as a vaudeville showplace.

The Palace Theater
1914 Norman Borlaug was born in Cresco, Iowa. He led the introduction of high-yielding varieties of wheat combined with modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, and India. As a result, Mexico became a net exporter of wheat by 1963. Between 1965 and 1970, wheat yields nearly doubled in Pakistan and India. These increases in yield have been labeled the Green Revolution, and Borlaug is often credited with saving over a billion people worldwide from starvation.
1942 Soul singer Aretha Franklin was born in Memphis, Tennessee.

Aretha Franklin
1946 Actress Bonnie Bedelia was born in New York City.
1947 Singer and songwriter Reginald Dwight (Elton John) was born in Pinner, England.


March 26
1838 Historian William E. H. Lecky was born in Dublin, Ireland.

William E. H. Lecky
1874 Poet Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California.
1934 Actor Alan Arkin was born in New York City.

Alan Arkin
1937 Spinach growers in Crystal City, Texas, erected a statue of Popeye.

Popeye the sailor
1944 Singer and actress Diana Ross was born in Detroit, Michigan.

Diana Ross
1950 Comedian Martin Short was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
1953 Jonas Salk announced his polio vaccine.
1985 Actress Keira Knightley was born in Teddington, Middlesex, England.

Keira Knightley


March 27
1813 Lithographer Nathaniel Currier was born in Boston, Massachusetts.

Lithographs by Currier and Ives

1845 William Roentgen, discoverer of the X-ray, was born in Lennep, Prussia.
1892 Thorne Smith, "master of the pointless conversation" and author of humorous fantasy novels such as Topper and The Glorious Pool, was born in Annapolis, Maryland.

Thorne Smith between two of his novels
1942 Actor Michael York was born in Fulmer, England.
1970 Singer Mariah Carey was born on Long Island, New York.

Mariah Carey


March 28
1872 Individualist anarchist Emile Armand was born in Paris, France.
1881 P. T. Barnum and James A. Bailey formed the Barnum and Bailey Circus.
1919 Yankee pitcher (1946-1953) Vic "The Springfield Rifle" Raschi was born in Springfield, Massachusetts.
2012 Enforceable Rights by Roy Halliday was published.

Roy Halliday and his treatise on justice


March 29
1867 Pitching star Cy Young was born in Gilmore, Ohio.

Cy Young
1885 The first batch of Coca-Cola was brewed.
1918 Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart, was born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma.

Sam Walton
1932 Jack Benny made his radio debut.
1943 Comedian Eric Idle was born in Durham, England.
1955 Football Hall of Fame running back Earl Campbell was born in Tyler, Texas.


March 30
1191 Hyacinth Bobo became Pope Celestine III.
1746 Painter Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes was born in Aragon, Spain.
1811 Chemist Robert Bunsen was born in Gottingen, Westphalia. He invented the Bunsen burner.
1842 Dr. Crawford Long, having seen its effects at "laughing gas" parties, used ether as a general anesthetic in an operation for the first time to remove a tumor from a man's neck.
1853 Painter Vincent Van Gogh was born in Groot Zundert, Holland.

Paintings by Vincent Van Gogh (self-portrait on the right)
1864 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist who described the state as "the organization of the political means" for acquiring wealth, was born in Berlin, Germany.
1913 Singer Frankie Lane was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1938 Actor Warren Beatty was born in Richmond, Virginia.
1945 Rock guitarist, composer, and singer Eric Clapton was born in Ripley, England.
1964 Jeopardy premiered on TV.
1979 Singer, songwriter, and musician Norah Jones was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Nora Jones

March 31
1596 Philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes was born in La Haye, Touraine, France.
1685 Composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany.

Johann Sebastian Bach
1732 Composer and "father of the symphony" Joseph Haydn was born in Rohrau, Austria-Hungary.

Joseph Haydn
1814 President James Madison recommended repeal of the Non-Importation and Embargo Acts, thereby allowing trade with the British.
1878 Heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson was born in Galveston, Texas.
1915 Television personality Henry Morgan (Henry von Ost, Jr.) was born in New York City.

Henry Morgan seated between the two female panelists
1928 Hockey Hall of Fame right wing Gordie (Gordon) Howe was born in Floral, Saskatchewan, Canada.
1934 Singer and actress Shirley Jones was born in Smithton, Pennsylvania.
1935 Musician Herb Alpert was born in Los Angeles, California.
1935 Actor Richard Chamberlain was born in Los Angeles, California.
1948 Actress Rhea Perlman was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1968 Lyndon B. Johnson announced he will nor run for reelection as President of the United States.

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