This was a day of fasting and prayer to protest the Port Act.
The first group insurance policy in the USA was written in Passaic, New Jersey.
Composer and arranger Nelson Riddle was born in Oradell, New Jersey.
Movie star and sex symbol Norma Jeane Mortenson (Marilyn Monroe) was born
in Los Angeles, California.
Actor Morgan Freeman was born in Memphis, Tennessee.
Actor Cleavon Little (the sheriff in Blazing Saddles) was born
in Chickasha, Oklahoma.
The Beatles album
Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was released.
Doctor Henry Heimlich's article describing a new method for
aiding choking victims was published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
The Cable News Network (CNN) premiered.
P. T. Barnum began his first circus tour.
Novelist Thomas Hardy was born in Stinsford, England.
The US Congress passed a law forbidding slavery in all Federal territories.
John Henry Mackay, Scotch-German individualist anarchist, was born
in Greenock, Scotland.
Johnny Weissmuller, Olympic gold medal swimmer and star of Tarzan movies was
born in what is now Banat, Romania.
Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts was born in Islington, England.
Composer Marvin Hamlisch was born in New York City.
Comedian Dana Carvey was born in Missoula, Montana.
Pope John Paul II gave a sermon in Victory Square, Warsaw, Poland
that inspired the crowd to chant, "We want God!" in defiance of their
John Paul II
Jack Jouette rode 45 miles on horseback during the night
from a tavern in Louisa County to Charlottesville in 6-1/2 hours to warn governor
Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature that the British were coming.
He arrived at Jefferson's house just before dawn on June 4.
The American revolutionary leaders escaped before Colonel Tarlton's forces
Richard Cobden, founder of the Anti-Corn Law League that
ended mercantilism and established free trade, was born in
"Sovereignty of the Individual" by Stephen Pearl Andrews was published
in Woodhul and Claflin's Weekly.
Stephen Pearl Andrews
Charles Richard Drew was born in Washington D. C. He
discovered how to store blood plasma and organized the blood bank system in
the United States and in the United Kingdom during World War II.
TV producer and Gong Show host Chuck Barris
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Lou Gehrig hit 4 consecutive home runs
in one game.
Singer Deniece Williams was born in Gary, Indiana.
Roquefort cheese was discovered near Roquefort, France.
Henry Ford made the first successful ride in an automobile.
Actor Bruce Dern was born in Winnetka, Illinois.
Singer Freddy Fender (Baldemar Huerta)
was born in San Benito, Texas.
Singer and actress Michelle Phillips was born
in Long Beach, California.
Tabloid cover girl and actress Angelina Jolie was born in
Los Angeles, California.
Actor William Boyd (Hopalong Cassidy) was born
in Hendrysburg, Ohio.
Novelist Ken Follett was born in Cardiff, Wales.
Painter Diego Velazquez was born in Seville, Spain.
Paintings by Diego Velazquez
Revolutionary War hero Nathan Hale was born
in Coventry, Connecticut.
The United States Congress abolished imprisonment for debt in America.
Yankee catcher (1928-1946)
Bill Dickey was born in Bastrop, Louisiana.
Yankee outfielder Myril Hoag hit 6 singles
in 6 at-bats, setting a major-league record for a 9-inning game.
Tennis star Bjorn Borg was born in Sodertalje, Sweden.
Proposition 13 (Jarvis-Gann) mandating a
57% cut in property taxes was acclaimed in California
by a 2 to 1 majority.
The Pennsylvania Assembly banned slavery in the colony.
Jack Jouette, who made a historic 45-mile ride to Charlottesville, Virginia,
during the night of June 3-4, 1781,
to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature that Colonel Tarelton's British
forces were about to attack, was born in Albemarle County, Virginia.
Richard Henry Lee moved in Congress that "These united colonies
are ... free and independent."
Richard Henry Lee
Painter Paul Gauguin was born in Paris, France.
Paintings by Paul Gauguin
A treaty with England ended the slave trade.
Industrialist Vivien Kellems was born
in Des Moines, Iowa. She refused to withhold taxes from her
employees' wages unless the government named her an employee of the Internal
Revenue Service and paid her a salary and reimbersed her expenses in collecting
Dr. Virginia Apgar, developer of the method used to identify newborns who need
immediate medical care, was born in Westfield, New Jersey.
Singer, actor, and comedian Dino Crocetti (Dean Martin)
was born in Steubenville, Ohio.
Yankee catcher Thurman Munson was born in Akron, Ohio.
Actor Liam Neeson was born in Ballymena, Northern Ireland.
The singer, musician, and song writer known as Prince (Prince Rogers Nelson),
was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Basketball star Allen Iverson was born
in Hampton, Virginia.
Anna Kournikova, professional tennis player with cover-girl beauty,
was born in Moscow, Russia.
Composer and violinist Tomaso Albinoni was born
in Venice, Italy.
Composer Robert Schumann was born in Zwickau, Germany.
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright was born in
Richland Center, Wisconsin.
Comedian Jerry Stiller was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Comedienne Joan Rivers (nee Joan Molinsky) was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Actress Kathy Baker was born in Midland, Texas.
Grove City College awarded an honorary degree, Doctor of Laws, to
Ludwig von Mises.
Ludwig von Mises
Actress, screenwriter, and director
Hellen Hunt was born in Culver City, California.
Tennis star Lindsay Davenport was born in
Palos Verdes, California.
Tennis star Kim Clijsters was born in
George Stephenson, who developed the steam locomotive,
was born in Newcastle, England.
John Howard Payne, author of Home Sweet Home, was
born in New York City.
Composer Cole Porter was born in Peru, Indiana.
Jazz and country guitarist, songwriter, and inventor Lester Polsfuss (Les Paul)
was born in Waukesha, Wisconsin.
He was the inventor of the solid-body electric guitar which made the sound of rock and roll possible.
John Hospers, the first Libertarian Party candidate for president
of the United States, was born in Pella, Indiana.
Singer Jackie Wilson was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Cartoon comedian Donal Duck was born.
Comedian Yacov Moche Maza (Jackie Mason) was born in
College basketball sportscaster Dick Vitale was born
in Passaic, New Jersey.
Author Patricia Cornwell was born in Miami, Florida.
Actor Michael J. Fox was born in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Actor Johnny Depp was born in Owensboro, Kentucky.
Johnny Depp as the Mad Hatter
Actress Natalie Portman was born in
John Hancock's sloop Liberty was seized by British
customs men. A riot ensued, in which customs men were compelled to take
Merchants, angered over high taxes, burned the revenue-cutter
Gaspee near Providence, Rhode Island.
The Continental Congress appointed a committee to write
a declaration of independence.
Oscar-winning actress Hattie McDaniel was born in
Singer and movie star Frances Gumm (Judy Garland) was born in Grand
Model and actress Elizabeth Hurley was born
in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England.
The American embargo on exporting goods to China was lifted.
Pope John Paul II gave a sermon at Blonie Field in Krakow, Poland
to a crowd of at least 2,000,000 people (the largest gathering in the history of Poland).
The state-run media did not show the crowd, and the communist state lost
whatever legitimacy it pretended to have.
John Paul II
Thomas Jefferson began writing the Declaration of
British forces withdrew from Savannah, Georgia.
Composer Richard Strauss
was born in Munich, Germany.
Jacques Cousteau, undersea explorer, inventor of the
Aqualung, documentary film maker, and winner of the French
Legion of Honor for his work in the Resistance during WWII,
was born in St. Andre-de-Cubzac, France.
Pro Football Hall of Fame coach Vince Lombardi was born in
New York City.
Comic actor Jerome Silberman (Gene Wilder) was born in
Actress Adrienne Barbeau was born in Sacramento, California.
Football great Joe Montana was born in New Eagle, Pennsylvania.
The Russian army ended its occupation of East Germany.
The Virginia Convention unanimously adopted George Mason's Declaration
of Rights, which set the pattern for future state, national,
and foreign bills of rights.
Baseball was first played in Cooperstown, New York.
Ballpark at Cooperstown, New York
Lee Richmond of the Worcester Ruby Legs pitched the
first perfect game in the major leagues, against the Cleveland Indians.
Teen-age diarist and Nazi victim Anne Frank was born
in Frankfurt, Germany.
The Baseball Hall of Fame opened at Cooperstown, New York.
Sportscaster Marv Albert was born in New York City.
Baseball star Hideki Matsui was born in
In New York City 800,000 demonstrators protested nuclear proliferation.
Sunspots were discovered.
The Rhode Island General Assembly passed a law that prohibited the importation of
slaves as follows, "No Negro or mulato slave shall be brought into this colony, and
in case any slave shall be brought in, he or she shall be, and are hereby, rendered
immediately free, so far as respects personal freedom, and the enjoyment of
private property, in the same manner as the native Indians."
George Washington disbanded the American Army.
Actor Basil Rathbone was born
in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Pro Football Hall of Fame half-back and broadcaster
Red Grange was born in Forskville, Pennsylvania.
Cowboy movie actor Ben Johnson was born
in Foraker, Oklahoma.
Comedian Tim Allen was born in Denver, Colorado.
Jean (Drew) Puglia was born in Norwalk, Connecticut.
Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin,
was born in Litchfield, Connecticut.
Harriet Beecher Stowe and Uncle Tom's Cabin
Quotation collector John Bartlett was born in
Californian settlers, led by John C. Fremont, revolted
against Mexican rule and declared the Republic of California
(Bear Flag Republic).
Actor and singer Burl Icicle Ivanhoe Ives was born
in Hunt, Illinois.
The Vatican abolished the Index of Prohibited Books.
Tennis star Steffi Graff was born in Bruhl, Germany.
The Gong Show premiered on TV.
King John, after being confronted by rebels at Runnymede, placed
his royal seal on the Magna Carta, which restricted
Benjamin Franklin flew a kite in a thunderstorm to prove that
lightning is electricity.
The Assembly of the Lower Counties of Pennsylvania declared themselves
independent of British and Pensylvanian authority, thereby
creating the state of Delaware.
Composer Edvard Grieg was born in Bergen, Norway.
Historian H. E. Barnes was born in Auburn, New York.
The Anti-Imperialist League was founded at Faneuil Hall, in Boston,
in opposition to annexation of the Philippines.
Rush A. Webster recovered several victims of the
General Slocum disaster.
Rush A. Webster
Baseball star Wade Boggs was born in Omaha, Nebraska.
"Confessions of a Right-Wing Liberal" by Murray Rothbard, was
published in Ramparts.
The first Libertarian Party convention was held in Denver.
Moral philosopher Adam Smith was born in Kirkaldy,
Through the efforts of Benjamin Franklin, the first nonsectarian
college in America, the University of Pennsylvania,
was chartered as the College, Academy, and Charitable School in Philadelphia.
Thomas Edison perfected the cylinder phonograph.
Comedian Stan Laurel was born in Ulverston, England.
Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy with Stan Laurel
Libertarian author and Presidential candidate Harry Browne
was born in New York City.
Actress Sonia Braga was born in
Maringa, Paraba, Brazil.
Boxing great Roberto Duran was born in Chorillo, Panama.
Golf pro Phil Mickelson was born
in San Diego, California.
Hall of Fame football player Elroy "Crazylegs" Hirsch was
born in Wausau, Wisconsin.
Singer and son writer Barry Manilow was born in Brooklyn, New York.
The first Libertarian Party Platform was adopted.
Tennis champion Venus Williams was born
in Lynwood, California.
The Parliament of South Africa repealed the last remaining
Apartheid law, which had divided citizens by racial categories
and treated them collectively rather than according to
their individual merits.
Governor Trumbull proclaimed Connecticut independent of England.
British troops withdrew from Philadelphia.
Songwriter Samuel Cohen (Sammy Cahn) was born in New York City.
Actor Richard Boone was born in Los Angeles, California.
Baseball star Lou Brock was born
in El Dorado, Arizona.
Beatle, Paul McCartney, was born in Liverpool, England.
1972 John Hospers was nominated as the first Libertarian Party candidate
Philosopher Confucius was born in Lu, China.
Philosopher, physicist, and mathematician, Blaise Pascal
was born at Clermont-Ferrad, France.
The Knickerbockers played against the New Yorkers in the first game
of baseball, in Hoboken, New Jersey.
Slavery was abolished in territories of the USA.
The Belmont Stakes horse race took place for the first time.
The statue of Liberty Enlightening the World arrived in
Liberty Enlightening the World
Yankee great Lou Gehrig was born in New York City.
"I've Got a Secret" premiered on TV.
Actress Kathleen Turner was born in Springfield, Missouri.
The Connecticut Assembly absolved people from allegiance to King
Frederick Hopkins was born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.
He was the biochemist who discovered vitamins.
Lysander Spooner's "Letter to Grover Cleveland" was published
Lysander Spooner and Liberty Magazine
Actor Errol Flynn was born in Hobart, Tasmania.
Beach Boy, Brian Wilson, was born in Hawthorne, California.
Singer Anne Murray was born in
Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Ed Sullivan's television variety hour,
"Toast of the Town," debuted.
Singer and songwriter Lionel Richie was born
in Tuskegee, Alabama.
Singer and song writer Cyndi Lauper was born
in Brooklyn, New York.
Actress Nicole Kidman was born in
The movie Jaws was released.
Caricature artist Al Hirschfeld was born in
St. Louis, Missouri.
Caracatures of Al Hirschfeld and My Fair Lady
Yankee pitcher (1948-1955) Eddie Lopat was born in New York City.
Actress Judy Holliday was born in New York City.
Actress Meredith Baxter was born in Los Angeles, California.
James Sommersett, a slave brought to England by his master on
a business trip and kept in custody on board a ship, applied for and
was granted a writ of habeas corpus. Lord Mansfield ordered him
discharged, saying that no law of England sanctioned slavery.
invented the ring-shaped doughnut.
Doughnut and doughnut afficionados
Adolphus Greely and the few surviving members of his party were
rescued, north of Greenland, after a 3-year search.
Novelist Erich Maria Remarque was born
in Osnabrück, Germany.
Movie director Samuel "Billy" Wilder was born at
Sucha Beskidzka in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Actress Meryl Streep was born in Summit, New Jersey.
Basketball star Clyde Drexler was born in Houston, Texas.
William Penn signed a friendship treaty with Lenape Indians
Slavery was abolished in England.
Humorist Irwin S. Cobb was born
in Paducah, Kentucky.
Yankee first baseman Hal Chase
set a major league record by making 21 putouts in one 9-inning game.
Singer June Carter Cash was born at Maces Spring, Virginia.
Track star Wilma Rudolph was born in Bethlehem, Tennessee.
Henry Ward Beecher, a pulpit orator, abolitionist, and brother of
Harriet Beecher Stowe, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut.
Ambrose Bierce, author of The Devil's Dictionary, was
born in Meigs County, Ohio.
Boxing champion William "Jack" Dempsey was born
in Manassa, Colorado.
Joe DiMaggio hit two home runs in one inning.
Musician and composer Mick Fleetwood was born
in Cornwall, England.
Hopalong Cassidy premiered on TV.
William Boyd as Hopalong Cassidy
Yankee slugger Bobby Murcer
tied Lou Gehrig's record of 4 consecutive
Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators in Paris protested the socialist
government's attempt to regulate private schools.
The English grain tariffs (Corn Laws) were repealed, allowing businessmen
to import cheaper food for hungry people.
Author Eric Blair (George Orwell) was born in Motihari, India.
Basketball star Willis Reed was born in Hico, Louisiana.
CBS broadcast the first color television programs.
Singer and songwriter George Michael was born in Radlett, England.
John Altgeld, Governor of Illinois, pardoned three men who had been
convicted by a packed jury of instigating the Haymarket riot.
Actor Laszlo Lowenstein (Peter Lorre) was born in Rosenberg, Hungary.
Amazing athlete Mildred "Babe" Didrikson
was born in Port Arthur, Texas.
Augustus Julliard left $5 million for
the advancement of music.
The Cyclone wooden roller coaster began operation in Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York.
The Garry Moore Show premiered on TV.
Yankee shortstop and captain Derek Jeter was born in
Pequannock, New Jersey.
Private-sector scientists announced successful mapping of
the human genetic code.
Anarchist writer Emma Goldman was born
in Kaunas, Lithuania.
Libertarian science-fiction novelist James P. Hogan
was born in London, England.
James P. Hogan
"Captain Video and His Video Rangers" premiered on TV.
Painter Peter Paul Rubens was born in Siegen, Westphalia.
A draft of the Declaration of Independence was
submitted to the Continental Congress.
Presenting the Declaration of Independence
Americans repulsed a British naval attack on Charleston, South
Washington's army defeated British forces at Monmouth, New
Composer Richard Rogers was born
in New York City.
Antony Fisher, financial backer of libertarian think tanks, was born in
Comedian and movie maker Melvin Kaminsky (Mel Brooks) was born
in Brooklyn, New York.
Mel Brooks between posters for two of his funniest movies
Yankee pitcher Al Downing was born in Trenton, New Jersey.
Comedienne Gilda Radner was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Actress Kathy Bates was born in Memphis, Tennessee.
Puritans defied parliament by declaring Massachusetts to be an independent commonwealth.
Surgeon and co-founder of the Mayo Foundation William James Mayo
was born in Le Seuer, Minnesota.
Composer Leroy Anderson was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Cowboy actor Slim Pickens was born in Kingsberg, California.
Baseball slugger Harmon Killebrew
was born in Payette, Indiana.
By getting hits in both games of a doubleheader,
Joe Dimaggio tied and then broke
George Sisler's consecutive-game hiting-streak record
of 41 games.
Political philosopher, economist, and free-trade advocate Frederick Bastiat was born
in Bayonne, France.
Frederick Bastiat and his book The Law
Singer, actress, and dancer Lena Horne was born
in Brooklyn, New York.
Sociologist and columnist Thomas Sowell was born
in Gastonia, North Carolina.
Economist and columnist Walter Williams was born
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Bob Lemon pitched a no-hitter.
Go to July.
Go back to the table of contents.
Back to Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday
This page was last updated on December 17, 2013.
This site is maintained by Roy Halliday. If you have any comments
or suggestions, please send them to