Legal scholar Edward Coke was born in Mileham, England.
Alexander Selkirk, the real Robinson Crusoe, was
rescued after spending 4-1/2 years on the uninhabited island
of Juan Fernandez.
John Fries led several hundred men in opposition to
the direct federal property tax established in 1798 in preparation
for war with France.
Abolitionist Charles Lenox Redmond was born
in Salem, Massachusetts.
Charles Lenox Redmond
Composer Victor Herbert was born in Dublin,
Abraham Lincoln signed the federal bill abolishing slavery.
Film director John Ford (Sean O'Feeney) was born at
Cape Elizabeth, Maine.
Movie star Clark Gable was born in Cadiz, Ohio.
Humorist S. J. Perelman was born in New York City.
S. J. Perelman
Pop singer Don Everly was born in Brownie, Kentucky.
Don and Phil Everly
Outstanding defensive center fielder Paul Blair
was born in Cushing, Oklahoma.
RCA released the first 45 rpm single record.
The Dartmouth College Case placed charters of existing private
corporations outside the scope of control of the states.
Psychologist Havelock Ellis was born in Croydan, England.
Baseball's National League was formed.
Ayn Rand (Alissa Rosenbaum), libertarian novelist and
philosopher, was born in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Saxaphonist Stan Getz was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The names of the five charter members of the Baseball Hall of Fame were announced:
Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Matthewson,
and Walter Johnson.
Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth,
Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson, and Walter Johnson
Comedian Tom Smothers was born in New York City.
Actress and model Farrah Fawcett was born
in Corpus Christi, Texas.
What's My Line? premiered on CBS with Yankee shortstop
Phil Rizzuto as the first "mystery guest."
Watertown settlers protested taxation imposed by the Court of
Assistants at Boston, in which they had no voice.
Composer Felix Mendelssohn was born in Hamburg, Germany.
Newspaper editor and abolitionist Horace Greeley was born in
Amherst, New Hampshire.
Matthew Vassar left money to found Vassar college.
Painter Norman Rockwell was born in New York City.
Novelist James Michener was born in New York City.
Free-market economist Hans Sennholz was born
in Bergkamem, Germany.
Comedian Shelly Berman was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Fran Tarkenton
was born in Richmond, Virginia.
Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Bob Griese
was born in Evansville, Indiana.
The USA ended its 19-year trade ban against Vietnam.
American Revolutionary War engineer Tadeusz Kosciuszko was born
in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (now Belarus).
Aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh was born
in Detroit, Michigan.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a theologian who plotted to overthrow
Hitler, was born in Breslau, Germany.
Actress Ida Lupino was born
in Camberwell, London, England.
Comedian David Brenner was born in
Pro football star Lawrence Taylor
was born in Williamsburg, Virginia.
Boxing champion Oscar De La Hoya was born
in Los Angeles, California.
Roger Williams, leader for religious freedom, arrived
James Otis, resistance leader, was born in Massachusetts.
Weatherman and physician John Jeffries was born
in Boston, Massachusetts.
Entail and primogeniture were abolished in Georgia.
Entail limited an estate so that it could be passed only to a specified class of heirs (such as males),
and not to all heirs.
Primogeniture was the right, by law or custom, of the firstborn to inherit the entire estate,
to the exclusion of younger siblings.
The Mississippi legislature declared the tariff of 1828
John Dunlop, inventor of the pneumatic tire, was born
A motion picture was shown to a theater audience for the first time,
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Actor John Carradine (Richmond Reed Carradine) was born
in Greenwich Villiage, New York.
The British Arbitration League issued an appeal against air war. Signers included
Arthur Conan Doyle, Thomas Hardy, and
J. S. Sargent.
Actor and comedian Red Buttons was born in
the Bronx, New York.
Baseball great Hank Aaron was born in Mobile, Alabama.
Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Roger Staubach
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Actress Barbara Hershey (Barbara Hertzstein) was born
in Los Angeles, California.
Libertarian law professor and author Randy Barnett
John Lilburne published the pamphlet
The People’s Prerogative.
Baseball great Babe Ruth was born in Baltimore, Maryland.
Actor Rip Torn (Elmore Torn Jr.) was born in Temple, Texas.
Rip Torn as Dr. Renatus Hartogs
Reggae musician and peace maker Bob Marley was born
in Rhoden Hall, Jamaica.
US wartime controls on wages and consumer goods ended.
Steel-plow inventor John Deere was born in Rutland, Vermont.
Novelist Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England.
Laura Ingalls Wilder, author of "Little House" books
and mother of libertarian writer Rose Wilder Lane, was born
near Pepin, Wisconsin.
Laura Ingalls Wilder
Composer and pianist Eubie Blake was born
in Baltimore, Maryland.
Novelist Sinclair Lewis (Harry Sinclair Lewis) was born
in Sauk Center, Minnesota.
Economist F. A. "Baldy" Harper was born
in Middleville, Michigan.
He founded the Institute for Humane Studies.
F. A. Harper
Actor Miguel Ferrer was born in
Santa Monica, California.
Singer Garth Brooks was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
The Beatles arrived in New York City.
"Baby Doc" Duvalier fled Haiti after 28 years in power.
The Soviet Union collapsed. The Central Committee agreed to give up its power
The "father of science fiction," Jules Verne, was born
in Nantes, France.
Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev
was born in Verkhnie Aremzyani, Russian Empire.
He formulated the Periodic Law and created a periodic table of elements.
Economist Joseph Schumpeter was born
in Trest, Moravia, Austria–Hungary.
Actor Jack Lemmon (John Uhler Lemmon III) was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Actor James Dean was born in Fairmont, Indiana.
Yankee third-baseman Clete Boyer was born in Cassville, Missouri.
Author John Grisham was born in Jonesboro, Arkansas.
Riley Halliday was born.
Bostonians organized against drinking tea until the tax was removed.
Humorist George Ade was born in Kentland, Indiana.
Theodora Nathalia "Tonie" Nathan, 1972 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice
President of the United States and the first woman to receive a vote
in the Electoral College, was born in New York City.
The Shandaken Aqueduct opened to supply water to New York City.
The Shandaken Tunnel is the longest tunnel in the world (18 miles). It connects the Schoharie Reservoir
to the Esopus Creek and the Ashokan Reservoir.
The water flows 100 miles from the Catskills to New York City by gravity through mountains
and deep under the Hudson River.
Singer and songwriter Carole King was born
in Brooklyn, New York.
Actor Joe Pesci was born in Newark, New Jersey.
Actress Mia Farrow was born in Los Angeles, California.
Pitcher Satchel Paige was signed by the St. Lewis Browns
at age 45.
The Beatles had their debut on The Ed Sullivan Show.
Pitcher Satchel Paige became the first negro-league player
to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. "He threw as far from the bat and
as close to the plate as enyone I ever saw." - Casey Stengel.
Essayist Charles Lamb was born in London, England.
Boris Pasternak, author of Doctor Zhivago,
was born in Moscow, Russia.
Entertainer Jimmy Durante was born in New York City.
Yankee pitcher Allie Reynolds was born in Bethany, Oklahoma.
The first singing telegram was delivered, in New York City.
Singer Roberta Flack was born in
Black Mountain, North Carolina.
Singer and songwriter Donovan Leitch
was born in Glasgow, Scotland.
Libertarian author, educator, and speaker George H. Smith
was born in Japan.
George H. Smith
Olympic swimming champion Mark Spitz
was born in Modesto, California.
Golfing star Greg Norman was born in Melbourne, Australia.
Actress Laura Dern was born in Los Angeles, California.
Samuel Adams circulated a letter in which he denied Parliament
any authority to tax colonists.
The Society of Friends petitioned Congress to abolish slavery.
Abolitionist Lydia Maria Child was born in Medford, Massachusetts.
Lydia Maria Child
Inventor Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio.
Actor Leslie Nielson was born in Regina, Canada.
Actor Burt Reynolds was born in Waycross, Georgia.
Musician and bandleader Sergio Mendes
was born in Niterol, Brazil.
Glenn Miller was awarded the first gold record for
Chattanooga Choo Choo.
Soviet dissident Anatoly Scharansky
was freed after 8 years in prison.
Anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandella was released
after 27 years in jail.
Through a decree by the Marquis of Pombal,
the Portugese government abolished slavery in mainland Portugal and in Portuguese possessions in India.
Charles Darwin, biological evolution theorist, was born in
Eugene von Bohm-Bawerk, economist and social theorist,
was born in Brno, Austrian Empire.
Eugene von Bohm-Bawerk
Actor Lorne Greene was born in Ottowa, Ontario, Canada.
Sportscaster and baseball player Joe Garagiola was born in
St. Louis, Missouri.
Basketball great Bill Russell was born in Monroe, Lousiana.
The American Magazine, the first magazine in America, was published three
days ahead of Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine.
The first open proposal for independence was offered in the
Second Continental Congress by James Wilson.
Painter Grant Wood was born near Anamosa, Iowa.
Paintings by Grant Wood
Singer "Tennessee" Ernie Ford was born in Bristol, Tennessee.
New York Libertarian Alliance and Society for Individual
Liberty sponsored a conference at Columbia University.
"Aunt" Mary Prout was born in Baltimore, Maryland.
She founded a secret society
that became the Independent Order of St. Luke, which grew to 1500 chapters
across the country by 1900, to help pay for medical
care and burial services for needy African-Americans.
George Washington Ferris, inventor of the Ferris wheel, was
born in Galesburg, Illinois.
George Jean Nathan, drama critic and associate of H. L. Mencken,
was born in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Comedian Benjamin Kebelsky (Jack Benny) was born
in Chicago, Illinois.
Author Edmund Love was born in Flint, Michigan.
Sportscaster Mel Allen (Melvin Allen Israel) was born
in Birmington, Alabama.
TV show host Hugh Downs was born in Akron, Ohio.
Magician, illusionist, comedian, and writer Teller
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Teller is a fellow of the Cato Institute
(a free market libertarian think tank which also lists his comedy and magic act partner Penn Jillette
as a fellow).
Physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei was born
in Pisa, Italy.
Thomas Jefferson sent a letter to President George Washington
stating that a National Bank is not authorized in the Constitution.
New Jersey passed an act to abolish slavery.
Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler, was born
in Killingly, Connecticut.
Susan B. Anthony, abolitionist and women's-rights advocate,
was born in Adams, Massachusetts.
Adhesive postage stamps were introduced in the USA by a private company.
Shadrach Minkins, a fugitive slave, was rescued
by members of the anti-slavery Boston Vigilance Committee, who used force to take him from
United States marshals in Boston.
From Boston, Minkins was spirited to Canada, where he settled in Montreal.
Frank Chodorov, libertarian social philosopher, was born
in New York City.
Composer Harold Arlen was born in Buffalo, New York.
Actor Kevin McCarthy (Invasion of the Body Snatchers)
was born in Seattle, Washington.
The NY Yankees purchased future Hall of Fame third baseman
Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Philadelphia
Comedian Harvey Korman was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Actress Jane Seymour was born in Hillingdon, England.
Writer Aleksandr Solzhenitayn arrived in Switzerland
after being expelled from the USSR.
Geneticist Francis Galton was born in Birmingham, England.
Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Composer and entertainer Sonny Bono (Salvatore Bono)
was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Tennis champion and sportscaster John McEnroe was born
in Wiesbaden, Germany.
Composer and violinist Arcangelo Corelli was born in
Katherine Littlefield Greene was born on
Block Island, Rhode Island.
She was the widow of General Nathaniel Greene when
she hired Eli Whitney to work on her plantation and
helped him invent the cotton gin.
The first volume of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
by Edward Gibbon was published.
Rene Theophile Laennec, inventor of the stethoscope,
was born in Quimper, France.
The House of Representatives broke a tie in the 1800 Presidential
election between Aaron Burr and
Thomas Jefferson on the 35th ballot,
when Alexander Hamilton wielded his influence
against Burr to elect Jefferson. (Three years late, on July, 11, 1804,
Burr shot Hamilton in a duel. Hamilton died the next day.)
Football star Jim Brown was born
at St. Simons Island, Georgia.
Basketball great Michael Jordan
was born in Brooklyn, New York.
The first public stand against slavery was taken by Quakers
at Germantown, Pennsylvania.
They protested against "traffic in the bodies of men" and "the buying and
keeping of Negroes."
Physicist Alessandro Volta was born in Como, Italy.
Citizens of North Carolina united to prevent operation
of the Stamp Act.
Louis Comfort Tiffany, son of jeweler
Charles Louis Tiffany, was born in New York City.
He became famous for his work with decorative iridescent "favrile" glass.
Sholem Aleichem, the "Jewish Mark Twain," was born
in Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine. (His real name was Solomon Rabinowitz.)
Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Actor Jack Palance was born in Lattimer, Pennsylvania.
TV star Bill Cullen was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Bill Cullen (left)
Actor George Kennedy was born in New York City.
Film director Milos Forman
was born in Caslaz, Czechoslovakia.
Actress Cybill Shepherd was born in Memphis, Tennessee.
Singer Juice Newton (Judy Cohen) was born
in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Actor John Travolta was born in Englewood, New Jersey.
TV show decoration Vanna White
was born in Conway, South Carolina.
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Torun, Poland.
The King of Portugal forbade the enslavement of Chinese of either sex.
Actor David Garrick was born in Hereford, England.
The Russian serfs were
granted freedoms by the Emancipation Act.
Journalist and social philosopher Garet Garrett was born
in Pana, Illinois.
Jockey Eddie Arcaro was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Actor Lee Marvin was born in New York City.
Singer and songwriter William "Smokey" Robinson
was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Actor Jeff Daniels was born in Chelsea, Mississippi.
The NY Yankees obtained pitchers Art Ditmar
and Bobby Shantz, and infielders
Jack McMahon, and
Wayne Belardi from Kansas City.
William Prescott, American Revolutionary War soldier,
was born at Groton, Massachusetts.
Abolitionist Angelina Grimke was born in Charleston, South Carolina.
Photographer Ansel Adams was born in San Francisco, California.
Photos by Ansel Adams at Yosemite National Park
Charles E. Stotz, the founder of Little League baseball,
was born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
Actor Sidney Poitier, was born in Miami, Florida.
Beverly Louise Neill Amanda Blake, the actress who played
Miss Kitty on
Gunsmoke, was born in Buffalo, New York.
Prohibition was revoked by Congress.
Singer Nancy Wilson was born in Chillicothe, Ohio.
Native-Canadian folk singer Buffy Sainte-Marie
(Beverly Saint-Marie) was born in Craven, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Hockey star Phil Esposito was born in
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.
Basketball star Charles Barkley
was born in Leeds, Alabama.
Supermodel Cindy Crawford was born
in DeKalb, Illinois.
North Carolina citizens forced court and customs officials to swear
an oath not to enforce the Stamp Act.
Guitarist Andres Segovia was born
in Linares, Granada, Spain.
Humor columnist Erma Bombeck was born in Dayton, Ohio.
Singer, songwriter, pianist, and tax evader Eunice Kathleen Waymon
(Nina Simone) was born in Tryon, North Carolina.
Actor Kelsey Grammar
was born on St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.
Indians introduced Pilgrims to popcorn at a Thanksgiving feast.
Revolutionary War leader George Washington was born
at Bridges Creek in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
The first US ship to trade with China, Empress of China,
sailed from New York City.
Physicist Heinrich Hertz was born in Hamburg, Germany.
Frank W. Woolworth
opened his first store in Utica, New York.
The price for each item was five cents.
Frank W. Woolworth
Basketball star Julius "Dr. J" Erving
was born in Roosevelt, New York.
Composer Frederick Handel was born in Halle, Germany.
Painter and sculptor George Frederick Watts was born
in Marylebone, London.
New York Yankee star Elston Howard
was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
Actor Peter Fonda was born in New York City.
James Otis made an argument in court against
writs of assistance (general search warrants that did not expire,
allowing sheriffs to assist customs officials to search anywhere for smuggled goods).
The Virginia General Assembly declared the tariff of 1828 unconstitutional.
Painter Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Paintings by Winslow Homer
Former President John Quincy Adams began his
argument to the Supreme Court for release of the Amistad
Baseball great Honus Wagner
was born in Carnegie, Pennsylvania.
Steven Jobs, founder of the Apple computer company,
was born in Los Altos, California.
Baseball star Eddie Murray
was born in Los Angeles, California.
George Rogers Clark's army of 170 men captured
Vincennes and gained control of the country northwest of the Ohio River.
Slavery ended in England.
Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste Renoir
was born in Limoges, France.
Paintings by Pierre Auguste Renoir (self-portrait right)
Cartoon voice and comic actor Jim Backus was born in
Jim Backus and Mr. Magoo
Beatle George Harrison was born in Liverpool, England.
Your Show of Shows starring Sid Caesar and
Imogene Coca premiered on NBC television.
Sid Ceasar and Imogene Coca
Nikita Khrushchev denounced the late dictator Josef Stalin
for his many crimes at the 20th congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet
Union in Moscow.
Cassius Clay defeated Sonny Liston
to become the world heavyweight boxing champion.
Cassius Clay (Muhammed Ali)
Moral philosopher Anthony Ashley-Cooper Third Earl of Shaftsbury
was born in London, England.
Anthony Ashley-Cooper (Lord Shaftsbury)
Francis Marrion was born in Berkeley County, South Carolina.
He was the military leader known as "The Swamp Fox" in the American Revolution.
He effectively used elusive "guerrilla" tactics against the British forces.
Israel Putnam escaped from the Redcoats
in Greenwich, Connecticut.
Novelist Victor Hugo was born in Besancon, France.
Painter and caricaturist Honore Daumier was born
in Marseilles, France.
He spent 6 months in prison for drawing a caricature of
Louis Philippe as Gargantua consuming
the taxes of the French public.
Louis Phillippe as Gargantua
Levi Strauss, first manufacturer of jeans, was born
in Buttenheim, Bavaria.
New York City's first subway opened in downtown Manhattan.
William Frawley, the actor who played Fred Mertz in
I Love Lucy, was born in Burlington, Iowa.
Actor Tony Randall (Leonard Rosenberg)
was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Singer and songwriter Antoine "Fats" Domino
was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Singer and songwriter Johnny Cash
was born in Kingsland, Arkansas.
NY Yankee catcher and super pinch hitter (1955, 1959-1965)
was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
John Lilburne published the pamphlet A Whip for the Present House of Lords.
Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Congress ordered the Navy gunboats to be put up for sale and all
armed vessels to be taken off the Great Lakes.
Author John Steinbeck was born
in Salinas, California.
Lillian (Webster) Halliday was born in the Bronx, New York.
Actress Joanne Woodward was born in Thomasville, Georgia.
Actress Elizabeth Taylor was born in London, England.
Basketball star James Worthy
was born in Gastonia, North Carolina.
Essayist Michel Eyquem de Montaigne
was born in Perigord, France.
John Lilburne and Richard Overton
published the pamphlet The Out-crys of Oppressed Commons.
The University of Virginia was founded by Thomas Jefferson.
Thomas Jefferson surrounded by the University of Virginia
Artist John Tenniel, who illustrated
Alice in Wonderland, was born in London, England.
Illustrations by John Tenniel
Economist Carl Menger was born in
Chemist and physicist Linus Pauling
was born in Portland, Oregon.
Actor Samuel "Zero" Mostel was born
in Brooklyn, New York.
Singer and actress Bernadette Peters
was born in Queens, New York.
"Left-Right Festival of Liberation," the second West coast
libertarian conference, was held at the University of
Southern California, Los Angeles.
Composer Gioachino Antonio Rossini was born in Pesaro, Italy.
Herman Hollerith, inventor of punch cards, was born
in Buffalo, New York.
Band leader Jimmy Dorsey was born
in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania.
Jimmy Dorsey before his 7th birthday
Singer and talk-show hostess Frances Rose Dinah Shore was born
in Winchester, Tennessee.
Dinah Shore before her 6th birthday
NHL goaltender Cam Ward was born
in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Here is a picture of him before his 5th birthday:
Cam Ward before his 5th birthday
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