President Andrew Johnson
restored the privilege of writ of habeas
corpus in the Northern states.
Sports coach and physician James Naismith invented basketball
while teaching at the International YMCA Training School
in Springfield, Massachusetts.
Musical comedy star Mary Martin
(married name: Mary Halliday) was born in Weatherford, Texas.
Henry Ford established the first moving assembly line.
Comedian and film maker Allan Konigsberg (Woody Allen)
was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Singer Lou Rawls was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Comedian Richard Pryor was born in Peoria, Illinois.
Singer and actress Bette Midler
was born in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Mary Slessor was born in Aberdeen, Scotland.
She rose from poverty to become a missionary in Nigeria, where she
concentrated on settling disputes, encouraging trade, and educating the natives.
She prevented dozens of wars, helped heal the sick, and stopped the practice of
determining guilt by drinking poison.
She fought against the local customs of human sacrifice and canibalism.
She saved hundreds of twins who had been abandonded in the jungle
by their superstitious families.
Artist George Seurat was born in Paris, France.
Painting by Georges Seurat
King Camp Gillette invented the safety razor.
Actress Lucy Liu was born in Queens, New York.
Galileo Galilei perfected the telescope.
The Bronx, New York, was purchased from Indians by
Portrait painter Gilbert Stuart was born near Narragansett,
Gilbert Stuart self-portrait
Author Jozef Korzeniowski (Joseph Conrad) was born at
Berdichev in the Ukraine.
Flamenco guitarist Carlos Montoya was born
in Madrid, Spain.
Singer Andy Williams was born at Wall Lake, Iowa.
Actress Daryl Hannah was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Ice skater Katarina Witt was born in
Karl-Marx-Stadt, East Germany.
America's first Thanksgiving Day was celebrated at Berkeley
Louis Jolet and
Father Jacques Marquette returned to
Montreal after a 2500-mile exploration of the Mississippi River.
George Washington delivered his
Farewell Address to his
officers at Fraunces Tavern in New York City.
Fraunces Tavern now and George Washington with
officers inside Fraunces Tavern in 1783
The British army evacuated Staten Island and Long Island.
The American Anti-Slavery Society was launched in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Anti-Slavery Society Convention
Anarchist and art critic Herbert Read
was born in Yorkshire, England.
Actress Deanna Durbin was born
in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
College classes to combat the influence of communism were instituted
by St. Joseph's College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
More than 1,200 students registered for the classes.
Actor Jeff Bridges was born in Los Angeles, California.
Actress Marisa Tomei was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Supermodel and talk-show hostess Tyra Banks was born
in Los Angeles, California.
Libertarian author Rose Wilder Lane
was born in De Smet, Dakota Territory.
Rose Wilder Lane
Cartoonist, film maker, and amusement park developer
Walt Disney was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Prohibition was repealed when Utah's repeal convention made it the 36th
state to ratify the 21st amendment to the US Constitution.
Singer Little Richard (Richard Penniman)
was born in Macon, Georgia.
Singer Chad Mitchell was born in Spokane, Washington.
Abolitionist Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery.
The 13th Amendment, which outlawed slavery, was ratified.
Lyricist Ira Gershwin was born in New York City.
Yankee infielder (1926-1937)
Tony Lazzeri was born in San Francisco, California.
Jazz pianist Dave Brubeck was born in Concord, California.
Comedian, actor, TV game-show panelist, and author Wally Cox
was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Marie Grosholtz Tussaud, creator of Madame Tussaud's
waxwork museum, was born at Strasbourg, France.
Author Willa Cather was born in Winchester, Virginia.
Thomas Edison demonstrated the first phonograph.
The comic opera The Gondoliers by Gilbert and Sullivam opened
at the Savoy Theater in London.
Baseball star Johnny Bench was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Basketball star Larry Bird was born in West Baden, Indiana.
Baseball star Tino Martinez was born
in Tampa, Florida.
was born in Westboro, Massachusetts.
While working for Katherine Littlefield Greene,
the widow of General Nathaniel Greene,
he invented the cotton gin.
At Faneuil Hall in Boston Wendell Philips gave his first abolition speech, to
protest the murder of Eligha P. Loverboy who
was killed the day before by proslavery rioters in Alton, Illinois.
Composer Jean Sibelius was born in Hameenlinna, Finland.
Elzie Segar, who created the Popeye comic strip,
was born in Chester, Illinois.
Popeye the sailor
Humorist James Thurber was born in Columbus, Ohio.
Singer, dancer, and actor Sammy Davis Jr.
was born in Harlem, New York.
Comedian Clerow Wilson, Jr. (Flip Wilson) was born
in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Singer Jim Morrison was born in Melbourne, Florida.
Actress Kim Basinger was born
in Athens, Georgia.
Comedian Sam Kinison was born
in Yakima, Washington.
Yankee pitcher Mike Mussina
was born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
John Milton, poet and defender of freedom of the press,
was born in London, England.
Daniel Webster delivered his
Draft Is Slavery speech.
Peter Kropotkin, anarchist writer, philosopher,
zoologist, evolutionary theorist, geographer, and revolutionist,
was born in Moscow, Russia.
Clarence Birdseye, who developed a way to freeze foods and was
a founder of General Foods Corporation, was born in Brooklyn, New York.
A monoplane was flown successfully for the first time
by Henry W. Walden on Long Island, New York.
Movie star Issur Demsky (Kirk Douglas)
was born in Amsterdam, New York.
Actor Beau Bridges was born in Los Angeles, California.
Thomas Gallaudet, founder of the American School for the Deaf,
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Actress Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton (Dorothy Lamour) was born
in New Orleans, Louisiana.
George Mason, father of the Bill of Rights,
was born in Fairfax County, Virginia.
Novelist and anti-communist Alexander Solzhenitsyn was
born in Kislovodsk, Russia.
Singer Brenda Lee was born in Atlanta, Georgia.
Actress Teri Garr was born in Lakewood, Ohio.
"The Gabby Hayes Show" premiered on TV.
The Libertarian Party was founded in Westminster, Colorado, in the home of
Parishioners of the Lawnes Creek Church in Surry County, Virginia, led
the first organized tax rebellion in America.
Abolitionist leader William Lloyd Garrison was born in
William Lloyd Garrison
Novelist Gustave Flaubert was born in Rouen, France.
Movie star Edward G. Robinson was born in Bucharest, Romania.
Guglielmo Marconi's wireless signal was heard across the Atlantic Ocean.
Singer and actor Frank Sinatra was born in Hoboken, New Jersey.
Singer Constance Franconero (Connie Francis) was born
in Newark, New Jersey.
Singer Dionne Warwick was born in East Orange, New Jersey.
Dartmouth College was chartered.
Comedian and actor Dick Van Dyke was born in
West Plains, Missouri.
Dick Van Dyke
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein was captured.
Charleston, South Carolina, was evacuated by the British army.
Anarchist writer Errico Malatesta was born in
Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Italy.
Silly band leader Spike Jones was born in Long Beach, California.
Comedian Morey Amsterdam was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Actress Lee Remick was born in Quincy, Massachusetts.
The Bill of Rights took effect.
Alexandre Eiffel, who designed the Eiffel Tower
and helped design the Statue of Liberty, was born in Dijon, France.
Eiffel Tower and Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World
Comedian Tim Conway was born in
The epic movie Gone with the Wind premiered.
Composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany.
Ludwig van Beethoven
The Sons of Liberty, led by Sam Adams, held the Boston Tea Party
to protest the Tea Act.
Novelist Jane Austen was born in Steventon, Hampshire, England.
Playwright and actor Noel Coward was born in
Science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke was born
in Minehead, England.
Norwegian actress Liv Ullmann was born in Tokyo, Japan.
Deborah Sampson, who disguised herself as a man so she could
join the Continental Army and participate in the war for
independence, was born in Plympton, Massachusetts.
Chemist Humphry Davy
was born in Penzance, Cornwall, England.
He discovered several alkali and alkaline earth metals and
he invented the Davy lamp which allowed miners to work safely in
the presence of flammable gases.
Scientist Joseph Henry was born in Albany, New York.
Poet and abolitionist John Greenleaf Whittier
was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts.
Kentucky became the first state to outlaw prison sentences for debtors.
The Wright Brothers flew the first, powered, heavier-than-air, machine
at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
The Wright brothers and the first flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
Slavery, except for convicted criminals, was abolished this day by the
ratification of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Baseball great Ty Cobb was born in Narrows, Georgia.
Yankee first-baseman (1954-1962)
Bill "Moose" Skowron was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Musician Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones was born
in Dartford, England.
Film maker Steven Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Actor Brad Pitt was born in Shawnee, Oklahoma.
Singer and exhibitionist Christina Aguilera was born
on Staten Island in New York.
Benjamin Franklin printed the first issue of
Poor Richard's Almanack.
He continued to compile and publish new editions of the Almanack for 25 years.
It was one of the most popular publications in colonial America.
The first installment of Thomas Paine's
The Crisis appeared in print
in the Pennsylvania Journal.
It boosted the morale of the Continental troops.
It began with these famour words: "These are the times that try men's souls; the summer
soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his
country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.
Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us,
that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph."
First page of "The American Crisis" by Thomas Paine
The South Carolina legislature adopted resolutions calling the
tariff an abomination and ordered publication of
South Carolina Exposition and Protest, which expounded
the doctrine of nullification.
Humorist H. Allen Smith was born in McLeansboro, Illinois.
H. Allen Smith
Singer Edith Piaf was born in Paris, France.
The U. S. House of Representatives voted to impeach
President Bill Clinton for purgery and obstruction of justice.
Shakers who refused to aid the colonies in the war for independence
were released from prison in Albany, New York.
Industrialist and founder of Firestone Tire and Rubber Co.
Harvey Firestone was born in Columbiana County, Ohio.
Broadway lights were electrified in New York City for the first time.
A popular uprising toppled the Communist regime
in the city of Timisoara, Romania.
The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in New England and disembarked from
Pilgrims landing, Plymouth Rock
Andrew Carnegie told Congress,
"Take back your protection; we are now men, and
we can beat the world."
was born in Buena Vista, Georgia.
The first crossword puzzle was compiled by Arthur Wynne
and published in the New York World.
Libertarian feminist author Joan Kennedy Taylor was born in New York City.
Joan Kennedy Taylor
Actress Jane Fonda was born in New York City.
Satirical rock musician and composer Frank Zappa was born
in Baltimore, Maryland.
Actor Samuel L. Jackson was born in Washington, D. C.
Olympic gold medal track athlete
Delores Florence Griffith Joyner ("Flo Jo")
was born in Los Angeles, California.
Florence Griffith Joyner
Tennis star Chris Evert was born
in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.
Actor Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland
was born in London, England.
Dutch people revolted against a tax on meat.
Filmmaker J. Arthur Rank was born at Kingston upon Hull in England.
Pitching star Steve Carlton was born in Miami, Florida.
Singer and musician Maurice Gibb was born in Manchester, England.
Singer and musician Robin Gibb was born in Manchester, England.
General George Washington returned home to Mount Vernon, after he
disbanded the army following the Revolutionary War.
Writer Samuel Smiles was born in Haddington, Scotland.
The Virginia Resolution of 1798, drafted by James Madison
in reaction to the Alien and Sedition Acts, was adopted by the Virginia Senate. It declares:
That the General Assembly doth particularly protest against the palpable and alarming
infractions of the Constitution, in the two late cases of the "Alien and Sedition Acts"
passed at the last session of Congress; the first of which exercises a power no where
delegated to the federal government, and which by uniting legislative and judicial powers
to those of executive, subverts the general principles of free government; as well as the
particular organization, and positive provisions of the federal constitution; and the other
of which acts, exercises in like manner, a power not delegated by the constitution, but on
the contrary, expressly and positively forbidden by one of the amendments thereto; a power,
which more than any other, ought to produce universal alarm, because it is levelled against
that right of freely examining public characters and measures, and of free communication
among the people thereon, which has ever been justly deemed, the only effectual guardian
of every other right.
The Treaty of Ghent officially ended the War of 1812.
Physicist James Joule was born Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
Actress Ava Gardner was born in Smithfield, North Carolina.
Irene Riley was born near Whitehall, New York.
The Perry Como Show premiered on TV.
The birth of the pacifist-libertarian religious reformer
Jesus of Nazareth
in Bethlehem, Israel, is celebrated around the world.
George Washington's army crossed the Delaware River
at night for a surprise attack victory at Trenton, New Jersey.
George Washington crossing the Delaware River from Pennsylvania to New Jersey
Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born
was born in Oxford, Massachusetts.
Andrew Johnson proclaimed unconditional
pardon and amnesty for all concerned in the rebellion against northern aggression.
Cartoonist Robert Ripley was born in Santa Rosa, California.
Actor Humphrey Bogart was born in New York City.
Singer and band leader Cab Calloway
was born in Rochester, New York.
The Christmas Truce, which occurred primarily between the British and German
soldiers along the Western Front in December 1914, is an event the official
histories of the "Great War" leave out.
The Christmas truce was a series of widespread, unofficial ceasefires that took
place along the Western Front around Christmas 1914, during World War I.
On Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, many soldiers from both sides independently
ventured into "no man's land," where they mingled, exchanging food and souvenirs.
Several meetings ended with the singing of Christmas carols.
British and German soldiers socializing in "no man's land"
Writer and Twilight Zone creator Rod Serling
was born in Syracuse, New York.
Libertarian moral philosopher Roy Halliday was born
on Long Island, New York.
Roy Halliday and his libertarian treatise on justice
Singer Jimmy Buffett was born
at Pascagoula, Mississippi.
Actress Sissy (Mary Elizabeth) Spacek was born
in Quitman, Texas.
The Steve Allen Show premiered on TV.
Singer Annie Lennox was born in
Baseball great Ricky Henderson was born in Chicago, Illinois.
The Soviet Union broke up, ending 72 years of communist terror.
Nearly 1000 Hessian mercenaries, with their equipment,
were captured by George
Washington's army in a surprise attack near Trenton, New Jersey.
Mathematician Charles Babbage
was born in Teignmouth, England.
Pierre and Marie Currie
From a ton of pitchblende, they separated one-tenth of a gram of radium chloride.
Unfortunately, the Curies were unaware of the deleterious health effects of repeated
unprotected radiation exposure.
Marie Curie died on July 4, 1934 due to aplastic anemia contracted from exposure to radiation.
Movie star Richard Widmark was born
in Sunrise, Minnesota.
The Yankees and Red Sox reached an agreement to transfer
Babe Ruth to New York.
Steve Allen, TV star, comedian, author, and songwriter,
was born in New York City.
Rock music producer Phil Spector was born in the Bronx, New York.
Baseball star Carlton Fisk was born
in Bellows Falls, Vermont.
Yankee 1st baseman Carroll
Chris Chambliss was born in Dayton, Ohio.
Baseball star Osborne (Ozzie) Smith was born
in Mobile, Alabama.
Johannes Kepler, mathematician and the father of modern astronomy,
was born in Weil der Stadt, Germany.
The "father of aerodynamics," George Cayley, was born in
Scarborough, Yorkshire, England.
Scientist Louis Pasteur was born in Dole, France.
Naturalist Charles Darwin set off on a 5-year
voyage on the HMS Beagle.
Actress Marlene Deitrich was born in Berlin, Germany.
Pianist, actor, and author Oscar Levant
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Radio City Music Hall opened in New York City.
Radio City Music Hall
The Howdy Doody TV show premiered.
Buffalo Bob Smith and Howdy Doody
Brewer John Molson was born in Lincolnshire, England.
Cyrano de Bergerac was first produced.
Actress Maggie Smith was born in Ilford, England.
Movie star Denzel Washington
was born in Mount Vernon, New York.
Free-market reformer William Gladstone was born
in Liverpool, England.
Cellist Pablo Casals was born in Venrell, Spain.
Actress Mary Tyler Moore was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Mary Tyler Moore
Actor John Voight was born in Yonkers, New York.
The Georgia legislature condemned the tariff.
Writer Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India.
Stephen Leacock, Canadian author of Nonsense Novels,
was born near Swanmore, Hampshire, England.
Rock and Roll legend Bo Diddley
was born in McCombs, Mississippi.
Pitching star Sanford "Sandy" Koufax was born in Brooklyn, New York.
The Roy Rogers Show premiered on TV.
Golf champion Tiger Woods was born in Cypress, California.
Basketball star LeBron James was born
in Akron, Ohio.
The African slave trade was prohibited by all northern states plus
Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia.
Painter Henri Matisse was born in Le Cateau, France.
Paintings by Henri Matisse
The Pirates of Penzance opened in New York City.
Folk singer Odetta Gordon was born
in Birmingham, Alabama.
Actor Anthony Hopkins was born in Port Talbot, South Wales.
Actor Ben Kingsley was born in Yorkshire, England.
Singer and songwriter Donna Summer
(LaDonna Andrea Gaines) was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Actor Val Kilmer was born in Los Angeles, California.
Gold trading was made legal again in the U.S.A. after having been banned for 41 years.
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