August


August 1
1819 Author Herman Melville was born in New York City.

Herman Melville and his best short novel
1834 Slavery was outlawed in most of the British Empire.
1838 The British abolished Slavery in Jamaica.
1933 Comedian Dom DeLuise was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Dom DeLuise
1988 The Rush Limbaugh Show premiered with 56 radio stations.


August 2
1776 Members of the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence.

Presenting the Declaration of Independence
1824 Slavery was abolished in the state of Illinois.
1905 Actress Myrna Loy was born near Helena, Montana.
1933 Actor Peter O'Toole was born in Connemara, Ireland.


August 3
1492 Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain seeking a route to India.
1900 Journalist Ernie Pyle was born in Dana, Indiana.
1926 Singer Anthony Benedetto (Tony Bennett) was born in New York City.
1940 Actor Martin Sheen (Ramon Estevez) was born in Dayton, Ohio.
1977 Football star Tom Brady was born in San Mateo, California.

Tom Brady
1981 President Ronald Reagan called the air-traffic-controllers strike illegal and threatened to fire any controller who had not returned to work within 48 hours. (Almost 13,000 air-traffic controllers went on strike after negotiations with the federal government to raise their pay and shorten their workweek proved fruitless. Across the country, some 7,000 flights were canceled.)


August 4
1735 In New York City Peter Zenger was found not guilty in a case that determined that truth was a defense against charges of libel and laid the foundation for freedom of the press in America.
1777 The Continental Congress transferred command of the Continental Army of the North from General Schuyler to General Gates.
1854 Mt. Hood, Oregon, was climbed for the first time.

Mt. Hood
1901 Jazz musician Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong was born in the Back O'Town section of New Orleans, Louisiana.

Louis Armstrong
1912 Architect Raoul Wallenberg, who saved tens of thousands of Jews from extermination by Nazis before he was arrested by Soviet troops, was born in Lidingo, Sweden.

Raoul Wallenberg
1953 NY Yankee pitcher Vic Raschi set a major league record for pitchers by driving in 7 runs in the Yankees 15-0 win against the Tigers.

Vic Raschi


August 5
1850 Author Guy de Maupassant was born in Dieppe, France.
1906 Film director, screenwriter, and actor John Huston was born in Nevada, Missouri.
1946 Actress Loni Anderson was born in St. Paul, Minnesota.
1962 Basketball star Patrick Ewing was born in Kingston, Jamaica.
1981 President Ronald Reagan carried out his threat of August 3, and the federal government began firing the 11,359 air-traffic controllers who had not returned to work. In addition, he declared a lifetime ban on the rehiring of the strikers by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).


August 6
1775 Daniel O'Connell, champion of rights for the Irish, was born near Cahersiveen, County Kerry, Ireland.
1777 Nicholas Herkimer and his men routed Indians at Oriskany, New York.
1881 Benjamin R. Tucker published the first issue of the individualist anarchist periodical Liberty.

Benjamin R. Tucker and his periodical
1881 Bacteriologist and discoverer of penicillin Alexander Fleming was born in Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland.

Alexander Fleming
1911 Comedienne and actress Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York.

Lucille Ball
1917 Actor Robert Mitchum was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

Robert Mitchum
1926 Gertrude Ederle swam across the English Channel.
1929 Writer, TV producer, and 1976 Libertarian Party presidential candidate Roger MacBride was born in New Rochelle, New York. In 1972 he became the first presidential elector in history to cast a vote for a woman and for Libertarian Party candidates when he voted for Theodora Nathan for vice president and John Hospers for president. He called himself "the adopted grandson" of a family friend, writer and libertarian political theorist Rose Wilder Lane, whom he met for the first time when he was 14 years old. Lane was the daughter of Laura Ingalls Wilder who was noted for writing the Little House series of books. Lane designated MacBride as as a "political disciple," as well as her executor and sole heir. MacBride became the co-creator and co-producer of the TV series Little House on the Prarie. He wrote three additional "Little House" books, and began the "Rocky Ridge Years" series of children's novels, describing Lane's Ozark childhood. He published two books on constitutional law: The American Electoral College and Treaties versus the Constitution. (He was a graduate of Harvard Law School.) He also is the author of record of a Libertarian Party manifesto: A New Dawn for America: The Libertarian Challenge.

Roger MacBride
1965 Basketball star David Robinson was born in Key West, Florida.


August 7
1742 Revolutionary War leader Nathaniel Greene was born in Warwick, Rhode Island.

Nathaniel Green
1794 Western Pennsylvanians took up arms to prevent collection of the excise tax of 1791 (the whiskey tax).
1884 The actress who played the Good Witch of the North and Mrs. Cosmo Topper, Mary William "Billie" Burke was born in Washington, D.C.

Billie Burke
1903 Rudolf Ising was born in Kansas City, Missouri. He was the cocreator with Hugh Harmon of the cartoon companies "Looney Tunes" and "Merry Melodies."
1926 Satirist Stan Freberg was born in Pasadena, California.

Stan Freberg
1929 Yankee pitcher (1955-1959) Don Larson, who pitched a perfect game in the 1956 World Series, was born in Michigan City, Indiana.

Yogi Berra (#8) congratulating Don Larson
1975 Fashion model and Academy-Award-winning actress Charlize Theron was born in Benoni, South Africa.


August 8
1694 Moral philosopher Francis Hutcheson was born in Drumalig, Saintfield, County Down, Ireland.

Francis Hitcheson
1897 Actor Fredric March (Frederick Bickel) was born in Racine, Wisconsin.
1923 Swimming movie star Esther Williams was born in Los Angeles, California.
1937 Actor Dustin Hoffman was born in Los Angeles, California.

Dustin Hoffman
1950 Actor and singer Keith Carradine was born in San Mateo, California.
1974 Warmonger Richard Nixon announced his resignation from the presidency of the United States.
1981 Tennis champion Roger Federer was born in Basel, Switzerland.

Roger Federer


August 9
1593 Izaak Walton, who wrote the classic treatise on fishing, The Complete Angler, was born at Stafford, England.
1819 Dentist William Morton, who was the first to use ether as a general anesthetic, was born in Charlton, Massachusetts.
1831 The first steam engine train ran from Albany to Schenectady, New York.
1928 Basketball star Bob Cousy was born in New York City.

Bob Cousy
1936 Jesse Owens won four gold medals at the Olympic games in Berlin, Germany.

Jesse Owens
1938 Tennis great Rod Laver was born in Rockhampton, Australia.

Rod Laver
1942 Comedian and TV talk-show host David Steinberg was born in Winnipeg, Canada
1944 Actor Sam Elliot was born in Sacramento, California.

Sam Elliot
1963 Singer and actress Whitney Houston was born in Newark, New Jersey.

Whitney Houston
1974 Richard Nixon became the first man to resign the Presidency of the United States.
2012 Kyrese Halliday was born in Fayetteville, North Carolina.

Kyrese Halliday


August 10
1928 Singer Eddie Fisher was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Eddie Fisher
1972 Actress Angie Harmon was born in Highland Park, Texas.


August 11
1789 Feudalism was abolished in France.
1833 Abolitionist and clasical liberal Robert Ingersoll was born in Dresden, New York. Ingersoll was the most orator popular of the age, when oratory was public entertainment. He spoke on a wide range of subjects, from Shakespeare to Reconstruction, but his most popular subjects were agnosticism and the sanctity of the family. He memorized his speeches although they were sometimes more than three hours long. His audiences were said never to be restless. Many of Ingersoll's speeches advocated freethought and humanism, and often poked fun at religious belief. For this the press often attacked him, but neither his views nor the negative press could stop his popularity. At the height of Ingersoll's fame, audiences would pay $1 or more to hear him speak, a huge sum for his day. Soon after his death, his brother-in-law, Clinton P. Farrell, collected copies of Ingersollís speeches for publication. The 12-volume Dresden Editions kept interest in Ingersoll's ideas alive and preserved his speeches for future generations.

Robert Ingersoll
1841 Frederick Douglas delivered his first speech at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Association convention on Nantucket Island after having escaped from slavery 3 years earlier.

Frederick Douglas
1950 Stephen Wozniak, co-founder of the Apple computer company, was born in Sunnyvale, California.


August 12
1865 Joseph Lister became the first doctor to use disinfectant during surgery. He applied a piece of lint dipped in carbolic acid solution onto the wound of an eleven year old boy at Glasgow Infirmary, who had sustained a compound fracture after a cart wheel had run over his leg. After four days, he renewed the pad and discovered that no infection had developed, and after a total of six weeks he was amazed to discover that the boy's bones had fused back together. He subsequently published his results in The Lancet in a series of 5 articles, running from March through July 1867.
1867 Mythology expert and author Edith Hamilton was born in Dresden, Germany.

Edith Hamilton
1880 Pitching great Christy Mathewson was born in Factoryville, Pennsylvania.

Christy Mathewson
1881 Movie maker Cecil B. De Mille was born in Ashfield, Massachusetts.
1913 Actress Jane Wyatt was born in New York City.
1939 Actor George Hamilton was born in Memphis, Tennessee.

George Hamilton in Love at First Bite
1964 Mickey Mantle hit a 502-foot home run over the black screen in centerfield at Yankee Stadium.

Mickey Mantle
1971 Tennis champion Pete Sampras was born in Washington, D.C.


August 13
1422 William Caxton, the first English printer, was born in Kent.
1818 Abolitionist and women's rights pioneer Lucy Stone was born near West Brookfield, Massachusetts.
1895 Comedian Bert Lahr, who played the cowardly lion in the Wizard of Oz, was born in New York City.

Bert Lahr without and with his lion costume
1899 Director Alfred Hitchcock was born in London, England.

Alfred Hitchcock
1912 Golf champion Ben Hogan was born in Dublin, Texas.


August 14
1765 Sam Adams led the first mob action against the enforcers of the Stamp Act and consecrated a "Liberty Tree" in Boston, Massachusetts.

Samuel Adams
1888 Television pioneer James L. Baird was born in Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, Scotland.
1912 Food expert Julia Child was born in Pasadena, California.
1945 Comedian Steve Martin was born in Waco, Texas.

Steve Martin
1959 Basketball star Earvin "Magic" Johnson, Jr. was born in Lansing, Michigan.
1968 Actress and model Halle Berry was born in Cleveland, Ohio.

Halle Berry


August 15
1771 Historical novelist Walter Scott was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1887 Edna Ferber, novelist, playwright, and short-story writer, was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan.
1924 Author Phyllis Schlafly was born in St. Louis, Missouri. She was largely responsible for defeating the Equal Rights Amendment, which would have required massive federal government intervention into the economy to restrict freedom of association and freedom of contract.
1969 The Woodstock music festival began at Yasgur's farm in Bethel, New York.


August 16
1768 American furniture designer Duncan Phyfe was born near Loch Fannich, Scotland.
1777 The Green Mountain Boys defeated Hessian mercenaries at Bennington, Vermont.

Capturing Hessians at Bennington
1787 The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia voted that paper money is unconstitutional.
1922 Yankee outfielder (1949-1954) Gene Woodling was born in Akron, Ohio.

Gene Woodling
1927 Actor Fess Parker was born in Fort Worth, Texas.
1930 Sports announcer and NFL Hall of Fame halfback and end Frank Gifford was born in Santa Monica, California.
1958 Singer, song writer, and exhibitionist Madonna Ciccone was born in Bay City, Michigan.
1958 Actress Angela Bassett was born in New York City.
1960 Actor Timothy Hutton was born in Malibu, California.


August 17
1807 Robert Fulton's steamboat, Claremont, made its first trip on the Hudson River.
1882 Motion picture producer Samuel Goldfish (Samuel Goldwyn) was born in Warsaw, Poland.
1893 Comedic actress Mae West was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Mae West
1920 Actress Maureen O'Hara was born in Dublin, Ireland.

Maureen O'Hara
1943
Actor Robert De Nero was born in New York City.

Robert De Nero and Charles Grodin in Midnight Run
1958 Singer Belinda Carlisle was born in Hollywood, California.
1969 Basketball star Christian Laettner was born in Angola, New York.


August 18
1774 Explorer Meriwether Lewis was born in Albermarle County, Virginia.
1872 Montgomery Ward published the first mail-order catalog.
1902 Harry O'Hagen made the first unassisted triple play.
1934 Baseball great Roberto Clemente was born in Carolina, Puerto Rico.

Roberto Clemente
1937 Actor and movie maker Robert Redford was born in Santa Monica, California.
1943 Comedian Martin Mull was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1952 Comedienne Elayne Boosler was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1958 Actress Madeleine Stowe was born in Los Angeles, California.


August 19
1841 President John Tyler vetoed a bill intended to establish a national bank.
1871 Aviation pioneer Orville Wright was born in Dayton, Ohio.

Wright brothers
1902 Humorous poet Ogden Nash was born in Rye, New York.
1906 Philo Farnsworth, inventor of the television, was born near Beaver, Utah.
1931 Jockey Willie Shoemaker was born in Fabens, Texas.
1935 Yankee second-baseman (1955-1966) Bobby Richardson was born in Sumter, South Carolina.

Bobby Richardson
1965 Actress Kyra Sedgwick was born in New York City.

Kyra Sedgwick


August 20
1881 Humorous poet Edgar Guest was born in Birmingham, England.
1890 Author H. P. Lovecraft was born in Providence, Rhode Island.
1908 Baseball star Al Lopez was born in Tampa, Florida.
1935 Libertarian congressman, author, and physician Ron Paul was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Ron Paul
1942 Musician and songwriter Isaac Hayes was born in Covington, Tennessee.
1944 Yankee third-baseman Graig Nettles was born in San Diego, California.

Graig Nettles


August 21
1789 Thomas Garrett was born in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania. He turned his home in Wilmington, Delaware, into the last station on the Underground Railroad before runaway slaves reached freedom in Pennsylvania. During his 40-year career as a Station Manager he helped more than 2700 people escape from slavery.
1859 Edward Drake discovered oil in Titusville, Pennsylvania.
1872 Illustrator Aubrey Beardsley was born in Brighton, England.

An illustration by Aubrey Beardsley
1936 Basketball star Wilt "The Stilt" Chamberlain was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1941 Libertarian philosopher and economist Walter Block was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Walter Block and his most popular book
1944 Singer and songwriter Jackie DeShannon was born in Hazel, Kentucky.


August 22
1777 The British abandoned the Siege of Fort Stanwix, New York.
1787 John Fitche launched the first steamboat.
1836 Archibald Willard, who painted The Spirit of '76, was born in Bedford, Ohio.

The Spirit of '76
1862 Composer Claude Debussy was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, France.
1893 Writer and wit Dorothy Parker was born in Long Branch, New Jersey.

Dorothy Parker
1906 The first Victor Victrola was manufactured.

Victrola
1920 Author Ray Bradbury was born in Waukegan, Illinois.
1939 Baseball star Carl Yastrzemski was born on Long Island, New York, at Southhampton.

Carl Yastrzemski
1948 Yankee slugger Ron Blomberg was born in Atlanta, Georgia.
1963 Singer Tori Amos was born in Newton, North Carolina.


August 23
1860 The first hotel elevator began operation (in the 6-story Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York City).

Fifth Avenue Hotel 1860
1884 Humorist Will Cuppy was born in Auburn, Indiana.
1912 Dancer, singer, and movie star Gene Kelly was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Gene Kelly in Singing in the Rain


August 24
1759 William Wilberforce, the foremost English opponent of slavery, was born in Yorkshire.

William Wilberforce
1810 Anti-slavery reformer Theodore Parker was born in Lexington, Massachusetts.

Theodore Parker
1821 New Mexico became independent of Spain.
1853 The first potato chips were made (in Saratoga Springs, New York).
1890 Olympic gold medal swimmer and the "Father of International Surfing," Duke Kahanamoku was born in Honolulu, Hawaii.
1960 Baseball iron man Cal Ripken Jr. was born in Harve de Grace, Maryland.

Cal Ripken Jr.
1965 Basketball star Reggie Miller was born in Culver City, California.


August 25
1836 Western writer Bret Harte was born in Albany, New York.
1927 Tennis star Althea Gibson was born in Silver, South Carolina.
1930 Movie star Sean Connery was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Sean Connery
1939 The movie The Wizard of Oz was released.

Bert Lahr, Wizard of Oz poster, and Margaret Hamilton
1946 Pitching great Rollie Fingers was born in Stubenville, Ohio.

Rollie Fingers
1954 Singer and sonwriter Declan McManus (Elvis Costello) was born in Paddington, London, England.
1982 The Ludwig von Mises Institute was founded.

Ludwig von Mises and Ron Paul


August 26
1765 Radicals opposed to the Stamp Act gathered around bonfires in Boston and shouted for "Liberty and Property!"
1873 Lee De Forest, inventor of the electron tube and the photoelectric cell, and pioneer in the creation of radio, television, and talking pictures, was born in Council Bluffs, Iowa.

Lee De Forest
1906 Albert Sabin, inventor of the oral vaccine against polio, was born in Bailystok, Poland.
1939 Major league baseball games were televised for the first time. A doubleheader between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbet Field was broadcast with play-by-play commentary by Red Barber.
1946 Animal Farm by George Orwell was published.


August 27
1871 Novelist Theodore Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana.
1892 Philosopher in defense of reason Brand Blanshard was born in Fredericksburg, Ohio.
1910 Humanitarian religious leader Mother Teresa was born in Skopje, Yugoslavia.
1912 Tarzan of the Apes was published.
1929 Ira Levin, author of This Perfect Day, was born in the Bronx, New York.
1943 Actress Susan Kerr (Tuesday Weld), was born in New York City.


August 28
1749 Writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born in Frankfurt, Germany.

Goethe
1833 Slavery was outlawed in England and the British Empire as of August 1, 1834.
1889 Movie star Charles Boyer was born in Figeac, France.
1925 Actor and dancer Donald O'Connor was born in Houston, Texas.
1943 Yankee outfielder Lou Piniella was born in Tampa, Florida.

Lou Piniella
1950 Yankee pitching star Ron Guidry was born in Lafayette, Louisiana.

Ron Guidry
1963 Orator Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a great anti-affirmative-action speech on the Washington Mall in which he described his dream of a time when people will be judged by their character rather than by the color of their skin.

Martin Luther King Jr. delivering his "I have a dream" speech
1965 Singer (Eileen) Shania Twain was born in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.


August 29
1632 Natural rights philosopher John Locke was born in Wrington, England.

John Locke
1817 Charles Osborn published the first American abolitionist newspaper, Philanthropist, in Mt. Pleasant, Ohio.
1896 Chop suey was concocted in New York City.
1915 Actress Ingrid Bergman was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
1923 Filmmaker Richard Attenborough was born in Cambridge, England.
1949 Movie star Richard Gere was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1958 Singer, songwriter, and dancer Michael Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana.


August 30
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, author of Frankenstein, was born in London, England.
1918 Baseball great Ted Williams was born in San Diego, California.

Ted Williams
1943 Skiing champion Jean-Claude Killy was born in Saint Cloud, France.
1953 Basketball star Robert Parish was born in Shreveport, Louisiana.
1972 Movie star Cameron Diaz was born in San Diego, California.

Cameron Diaz
1979 President Jimmy Carter was attacked by a radical rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains, Georgia.


August 31
1918 Lyricist and composer Alan Jay Lerner was born in New York City.

Alan Jay Lerner
1924 Comedian Leonard Hacker (Buddy Hackett) was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Buddy Hackett
1928 Movie star James Coburn was born in Laurel, Nebraska.

James Coburn
1935 Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Frank Robinson was born in Beaumont, Texas.
1936 Private education heroine Marva Collins was born in Atmore, Alabama. In 1975 she started Westside Preparatory School in Garfield Park, an impoverished neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. She ran the school for more than 30 years. She gave classical education to many students who had been labelled as 'learning-disabled' by public schools.

Marva Collins
1955 Track star Edwin Moses was born in Dayton, Ohio.
1980 Melissa (Downey) Halliday was born in Durham, North Carolina.

Melissa Halliday

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This page was last updated on December 17, 2013.
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