Author Herman Melville was born in New York City.
Herman Melville and his best short novel
Slavery was outlawed in most of the British Empire.
The British abolished Slavery in Jamaica.
Comedian Dom DeLuise was born in Brooklyn, New York.
The Rush Limbaugh Show premiered with 56 radio stations.
Members of the Continental Congress signed the Declaration
Presenting the Declaration
Slavery was abolished in the state of Illinois.
Actress Myrna Loy was born near Helena, Montana.
Actor Peter O'Toole was born in Connemara, Ireland.
Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain seeking a route to India.
Journalist Ernie Pyle was born in Dana, Indiana.
Singer Anthony Benedetto (Tony Bennett) was born
in New York City.
Actor Martin Sheen (Ramon Estevez) was born
in Dayton, Ohio.
Football star Tom Brady was born in San Mateo, California.
President Ronald Reagan called the air-traffic-controllers strike
illegal and threatened to fire any controller who
had not returned to work within 48 hours.
(Almost 13,000 air-traffic controllers went on strike after negotiations with the federal
government to raise their pay and shorten their workweek proved fruitless.
Across the country, some 7,000 flights were canceled.)
In New York City Peter Zenger was found not guilty in
a case that determined that truth was a defense against charges of libel and laid the
foundation for freedom of the press in America.
The Continental Congress transferred command of the Continental
Army of the North from General Schuyler
to General Gates.
Mt. Hood, Oregon, was climbed for the first time.
Jazz musician Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong was born
in the Back O'Town section of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Architect Raoul Wallenberg, who saved tens of thousands of
Jews from extermination by Nazis before he was arrested by Soviet troops,
was born in Lidingo, Sweden.
NY Yankee pitcher Vic Raschi set a major league record for
pitchers by driving in 7 runs in the Yankees 15-0 win against the Tigers.
Author Guy de Maupassant was born in Dieppe, France.
Film director, screenwriter, and actor John Huston was
born in Nevada, Missouri.
Actress Loni Anderson was born in St. Paul, Minnesota.
Basketball star Patrick Ewing was born
in Kingston, Jamaica.
President Ronald Reagan carried out his threat of August 3, and the
federal government began firing the 11,359 air-traffic controllers who had not returned
to work. In addition, he declared a lifetime ban on the rehiring of the strikers
by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
Daniel O'Connell, champion of rights for the Irish, was
born near Cahersiveen, County Kerry, Ireland.
Nicholas Herkimer and his men routed Indians at Oriskany, New York.
Benjamin R. Tucker published the first issue of the individualist
anarchist periodical Liberty.
Benjamin R. Tucker and his periodical
Bacteriologist and discoverer of penicillin Alexander Fleming
was born in Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland.
Comedienne and actress Lucille Ball
was born in Jamestown, New York.
Actor Robert Mitchum was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
Gertrude Ederle swam across the English Channel.
Writer, TV producer, and
1976 Libertarian Party presidential candidate Roger MacBride
was born in New Rochelle, New York.
In 1972 he became the first presidential elector in history to cast a vote for a woman
and for Libertarian Party candidates when he voted for Theodora Nathan for vice president
and John Hospers for president.
He called himself "the adopted grandson" of a family friend, writer and libertarian political theorist
Rose Wilder Lane, whom he met for the first time when he was 14 years old. Lane was the
daughter of Laura Ingalls Wilder who was noted for writing the Little House series of books.
Lane designated MacBride as as a "political disciple," as well as her executor and sole heir.
MacBride became the co-creator and co-producer of the TV series
Little House on the Prarie.
He wrote three additional "Little House" books, and began the "Rocky Ridge Years" series
of children's novels, describing Lane's Ozark childhood. He published two books on constitutional
law: The American Electoral College and Treaties versus the Constitution.
(He was a graduate of Harvard Law School.)
He also is the author of record of a Libertarian Party manifesto:
A New Dawn for America: The Libertarian Challenge.
Basketball star David Robinson was born
in Key West, Florida.
Revolutionary War leader Nathaniel Greene was born
in Warwick, Rhode Island.
Western Pennsylvanians took up arms to prevent collection
of the excise tax of 1791 (the whiskey tax).
The actress who played the Good Witch of the North
and Mrs. Cosmo Topper, Mary William "Billie" Burke
was born in Washington, D.C.
Rudolf Ising was born in Kansas City, Missouri.
He was the cocreator with Hugh Harmon of the cartoon companies "Looney Tunes"
and "Merry Melodies."
Satirist Stan Freberg was born in Pasadena, California.
Yankee pitcher (1955-1959) Don Larson, who pitched a perfect game
in the 1956 World Series, was
born in Michigan City, Indiana.
Yogi Berra (#8) congratulating Don Larson
Fashion model and Academy-Award-winning actress
Charlize Theron was born in Benoni, South Africa.
Moral philosopher Francis Hutcheson was born in
Drumalig, Saintfield, County Down, Ireland.
Actor Fredric March (Frederick Bickel)
was born in Racine, Wisconsin.
Swimming movie star Esther Williams was born in Los Angeles, California.
Actor Dustin Hoffman was born in Los Angeles, California.
Actor and singer Keith Carradine was born in
San Mateo, California.
Warmonger Richard Nixon announced his resignation
from the presidency of the United States.
Tennis champion Roger Federer was born in Basel, Switzerland.
Izaak Walton, who wrote the classic treatise on fishing,
The Complete Angler, was born at Stafford, England.
Dentist William Morton, who was the first to use ether
as a general anesthetic, was born in Charlton, Massachusetts.
The first steam engine train ran from Albany to Schenectady, New York.
Basketball star Bob Cousy was born in New York City.
Jesse Owens won four gold medals at
the Olympic games in Berlin, Germany.
Tennis great Rod Laver was born in Rockhampton, Australia.
Comedian and TV talk-show host David Steinberg was born
in Winnipeg, Canada
Actor Sam Elliot was born in Sacramento, California.
Singer and actress Whitney Houston
was born in Newark, New Jersey.
Richard Nixon became the first man to
resign the Presidency of the United States.
was born in Fayetteville, North Carolina.
Singer Eddie Fisher was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Actress Angie Harmon was born in
Highland Park, Texas.
Feudalism was abolished in France.
Abolitionist and clasical liberal Robert Ingersoll was born in Dresden, New York.
Ingersoll was the most orator popular of the age, when oratory was public entertainment.
He spoke on a wide range of subjects, from Shakespeare to Reconstruction, but his most popular subjects
were agnosticism and the sanctity of the family. He memorized his speeches although they were sometimes
more than three hours long. His audiences were said never to be restless.
Many of Ingersoll's speeches advocated freethought and humanism, and often poked fun at religious belief.
For this the press often attacked him, but neither his views nor the negative press could stop his
popularity. At the height of Ingersoll's fame, audiences would pay $1 or more to hear him speak,
a huge sum for his day.
Soon after his death, his brother-in-law, Clinton P. Farrell, collected copies of Ingersollís speeches
for publication. The 12-volume Dresden Editions kept interest in Ingersoll's ideas alive and preserved
his speeches for future generations.
Frederick Douglas delivered his first speech
at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Association convention on Nantucket Island
after having escaped from slavery 3 years earlier.
Stephen Wozniak, co-founder of the Apple computer company,
was born in Sunnyvale, California.
Joseph Lister became the first doctor to use disinfectant
He applied a piece of lint dipped in carbolic acid solution onto the wound of an eleven year old boy
at Glasgow Infirmary, who had sustained a compound fracture after a cart wheel had run over his leg.
After four days, he renewed the pad and discovered that no infection had developed,
and after a total of six weeks he was amazed to discover that the boy's bones had fused back together.
He subsequently published his results in The Lancet in a series of 5 articles,
running from March through July 1867.
Mythology expert and author Edith Hamilton was born
in Dresden, Germany.
Pitching great Christy Mathewson was born in
Movie maker Cecil B. De Mille
was born in Ashfield, Massachusetts.
Actress Jane Wyatt was born in New York City.
Actor George Hamilton was born in Memphis, Tennessee.
George Hamilton in Love at First Bite
Mickey Mantle hit a 502-foot home run
over the black screen in centerfield at Yankee Stadium.
Tennis champion Pete Sampras was born
in Washington, D.C.
William Caxton, the first English printer, was born in Kent.
Abolitionist and women's rights pioneer Lucy Stone
was born near West Brookfield, Massachusetts.
Comedian Bert Lahr, who played the cowardly lion
in the Wizard of Oz, was born in New York City.
Bert Lahr without and with his lion costume
Director Alfred Hitchcock was born in London, England.
Golf champion Ben Hogan was born in Dublin, Texas.
Sam Adams led the first mob action against the enforcers of
the Stamp Act and consecrated a "Liberty Tree" in Boston, Massachusetts.
Television pioneer James L. Baird was born in Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, Scotland.
Food expert Julia Child was born in Pasadena, California.
Comedian Steve Martin was born in Waco, Texas.
Basketball star Earvin "Magic" Johnson, Jr. was born
in Lansing, Michigan.
Actress and model Halle Berry was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
Historical novelist Walter Scott
was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edna Ferber, novelist, playwright, and short-story writer,
was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan.
Author Phyllis Schlafly was born in
St. Louis, Missouri.
She was largely responsible for defeating the Equal Rights Amendment,
which would have required massive federal government intervention into the economy to
restrict freedom of association and freedom of contract.
The Woodstock music festival began at Yasgur's farm in Bethel, New York.
American furniture designer Duncan Phyfe was
born near Loch Fannich, Scotland.
The Green Mountain Boys defeated Hessian mercenaries at Bennington,
Capturing Hessians at Bennington
The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia voted that paper money is
Yankee outfielder (1949-1954)
Gene Woodling was born in Akron, Ohio.
Actor Fess Parker was born in Fort Worth, Texas.
Sports announcer and NFL Hall of Fame halfback and end Frank Gifford
was born in Santa Monica, California.
Singer, song writer, and exhibitionist Madonna
Ciccone was born in Bay City, Michigan.
Actress Angela Bassett was born in New York City.
Actor Timothy Hutton was born in Malibu, California.
Robert Fulton's steamboat, Claremont, made its
first trip on the Hudson River.
Motion picture producer Samuel Goldfish (Samuel Goldwyn) was born
in Warsaw, Poland.
Comedic actress Mae West was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Actress Maureen O'Hara was born in Dublin, Ireland.
Actor Robert De Nero was born in New York City.
Robert De Nero and Charles Grodin in Midnight Run
Singer Belinda Carlisle was born in Hollywood, California.
Basketball star Christian Laettner was born in
Angola, New York.
Explorer Meriwether Lewis was born in
Albermarle County, Virginia.
Montgomery Ward published the first mail-order catalog.
Harry O'Hagen made the first unassisted triple play.
Baseball great Roberto Clemente was born in
Carolina, Puerto Rico.
Actor and movie maker Robert Redford was born
in Santa Monica, California.
Comedian Martin Mull was born in Chicago, Illinois.
Comedienne Elayne Boosler was born in
Brooklyn, New York.
Actress Madeleine Stowe was born in Los Angeles, California.
President John Tyler vetoed a bill intended to establish
a national bank.
Aviation pioneer Orville Wright was born in Dayton, Ohio.
Humorous poet Ogden Nash was born in Rye, New York.
Philo Farnsworth, inventor of the television, was born
near Beaver, Utah.
Jockey Willie Shoemaker was born in Fabens, Texas.
Yankee second-baseman (1955-1966) Bobby Richardson
was born in Sumter, South Carolina.
Actress Kyra Sedgwick was born in New York City.
Humorous poet Edgar Guest was born in
Author H. P. Lovecraft was born in
Providence, Rhode Island.
Baseball star Al Lopez was born in Tampa, Florida.
Libertarian congressman, author, and physician Ron Paul
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Musician and songwriter Isaac Hayes was born in
Yankee third-baseman Graig Nettles was born in San Diego,
Thomas Garrett was born in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania.
He turned his home in Wilmington, Delaware, into the last station
on the Underground Railroad before runaway slaves reached freedom
in Pennsylvania. During his 40-year career as a Station Manager
he helped more than 2700 people escape from slavery.
Edward Drake discovered
oil in Titusville, Pennsylvania.
Illustrator Aubrey Beardsley
was born in Brighton, England.
An illustration by Aubrey Beardsley
Basketball star Wilt "The Stilt" Chamberlain
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Libertarian philosopher and economist Walter Block
was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Walter Block and his most popular book
Singer and songwriter Jackie DeShannon was born in
The British abandoned the Siege of Fort Stanwix, New York.
John Fitche launched the first steamboat.
Archibald Willard, who painted
The Spirit of '76, was born in Bedford, Ohio.
The Spirit of '76
Composer Claude Debussy
was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, France.
Writer and wit Dorothy Parker was born
in Long Branch, New Jersey.
The first Victor Victrola was manufactured.
Author Ray Bradbury was born in Waukegan, Illinois.
Baseball star Carl Yastrzemski was born on Long Island, New York,
Yankee slugger Ron Blomberg was born in Atlanta, Georgia.
Singer Tori Amos was born in Newton, North Carolina.
The first hotel elevator began operation (in the 6-story Fifth Avenue
Hotel in New York City).
Fifth Avenue Hotel 1860
Humorist Will Cuppy was born in Auburn, Indiana.
Dancer, singer, and movie star Gene Kelly
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Gene Kelly in Singing in the Rain
William Wilberforce, the foremost English opponent of slavery,
was born in Yorkshire.
Anti-slavery reformer Theodore Parker was born
in Lexington, Massachusetts.
New Mexico became independent of Spain.
The first potato chips were made (in Saratoga Springs, New York).
Olympic gold medal swimmer and the "Father of International Surfing,"
Duke Kahanamoku was born in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Baseball iron man Cal Ripken Jr. was born in
Harve de Grace, Maryland.
Cal Ripken Jr.
Basketball star Reggie Miller was born in
Culver City, California.
Western writer Bret Harte was born in Albany, New York.
Tennis star Althea Gibson was born in Silver, South Carolina.
Movie star Sean Connery was born
in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The movie The Wizard of Oz was released.
Bert Lahr, Wizard of Oz poster, and Margaret Hamilton
Pitching great Rollie Fingers was born in Stubenville, Ohio.
Singer and sonwriter Declan McManus (Elvis Costello)
was born in Paddington, London, England.
The Ludwig von Mises Institute was founded.
Ludwig von Mises and Ron Paul
Radicals opposed to the Stamp Act gathered around bonfires
in Boston and shouted for "Liberty and Property!"
Lee De Forest, inventor of the electron tube
and the photoelectric cell, and pioneer in the creation of radio,
television, and talking pictures,
was born in Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Lee De Forest
Albert Sabin, inventor of the oral vaccine against
polio, was born in Bailystok, Poland.
Major league baseball games were televised for the first time. A doubleheader
between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbet Field was broadcast
with play-by-play commentary by Red Barber.
Animal Farm by George Orwell
Novelist Theodore Dreiser was born in
Terre Haute, Indiana.
Philosopher in defense of reason Brand Blanshard
was born in Fredericksburg, Ohio.
Humanitarian religious leader Mother Teresa was born
in Skopje, Yugoslavia.
Tarzan of the Apes was published.
Ira Levin, author of This Perfect Day,
was born in the Bronx, New York.
Actress Susan Kerr (Tuesday Weld), was born
in New York City.
Writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
was born in Frankfurt, Germany.
Slavery was outlawed in England and the British Empire as of
August 1, 1834.
Movie star Charles Boyer was born in
Actor and dancer Donald O'Connor was born in
Yankee outfielder Lou Piniella was born in Tampa, Florida.
Yankee pitching star Ron Guidry
was born in Lafayette, Louisiana.
Orator Martin Luther King Jr.
delivered a great anti-affirmative-action speech on the Washington Mall
in which he described his dream of a time when people will be judged by their
character rather than by the color of their skin.
Martin Luther King Jr. delivering his "I have a dream" speech
Singer (Eileen) Shania Twain was born in
Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Natural rights philosopher John Locke was born in
Charles Osborn published the first American abolitionist newspaper,
Philanthropist, in Mt. Pleasant, Ohio.
Chop suey was concocted in New York City.
Actress Ingrid Bergman was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
Filmmaker Richard Attenborough was born in
Movie star Richard Gere was born in
Singer, songwriter, and dancer Michael Jackson was born
in Gary, Indiana.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, author of Frankenstein,
was born in London, England.
Baseball great Ted Williams
was born in San Diego, California.
Skiing champion Jean-Claude Killy
was born in Saint Cloud, France.
Basketball star Robert Parish was born in
Movie star Cameron Diaz was born in San Diego, California.
President Jimmy Carter was attacked by a radical rabbit
on a canoe trip in Plains, Georgia.
Lyricist and composer Alan Jay Lerner was born
in New York City.
Alan Jay Lerner
Comedian Leonard Hacker (Buddy Hackett) was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Movie star James Coburn was born in Laurel, Nebraska.
Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Frank Robinson
was born in Beaumont, Texas.
Private education heroine Marva Collins was born in
Atmore, Alabama. In 1975 she started Westside Preparatory School in Garfield Park, an
impoverished neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. She ran the school for more than 30 years.
She gave classical education to many students who had been labelled as 'learning-disabled' by
Track star Edwin Moses was born in Dayton, Ohio.
Melissa (Downey) Halliday was born
in Durham, North Carolina.
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