April


April 1
1578 William Harvey, the first to discover the mechanics of blood circulation, was born in Folkestone, England.
1868 Edmond Rostand, author of Cyrano de Bergerac, was born in Marseille, France.
1883 Silent movie actor Leonidas Lon Chaney, the "Man of a Thousand Faces," was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1900 In New York, the Automobile Club of America announced plans for a trans-continental roadway.
1932 Actress Debbie Reynolds was born in El Paso, Texas.

Debbie Reynolds
1944 Baseball star "Rusty" Staub (Daniel Staub) was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1975 Draft registration ended in the USA.


April 2
1805 Hans Christian Andersen, author of children's stories, was born in Odense, Denmark.

Hans Christian Andersen and his best story
1834 Frederic Bartholdi, the sculptor who created the statue Liberty Enlightening the World, was born in Colman, France.

Liberty Enlightening the World
1840 Novelist Emile Zola was born in Paris, France.

Emile Zola and his most famous novel
1902 The Electric Theater, the first movie house in Los Angeles, opened for business.
1914 Actor Alec Guinness was born in London, England.
1939 Singer Marvin Gaye was born in Washington D. C.
1941 Singer Leon Russell was born in Lawton, Oklahoma.

Leon Russell
1978 Dallas premiered on CBS.


April 3
1783 Author Washington Irving was born in New York City.

Washington Irving between two of his most famous stories
1823 The Delaware and Hudson Canal Company was chartered. Between 1828 and 1899, barges carried anthracite coal from the mines of Northeastern Pennsylvania to New York City via the canal and the Hudson River. The D&H Canal remained a profitable private operation for most of its existence, unlike other canals of the era. Construction of the canal involved some major feats of civil engineering, and led to the development of some new technologies, particularly in rail transport.

Scenes along the Delaware and Hudson Canal
1837 Naturalist John Burroughs was born in Roxbury, New York.
1904 Fan dancer Helen Beck (Sally Rand) was born in Hickory Country, Missouri.
1924 Singer and actress Doris Day (Doris Von Kappelhoff) was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1924 Actor Marlon Brando was born in Omaha, Nebraska.
1929 NY Yankee pitcher (1957-1961) Art Ditmar was born in Winthrop, Massachusetts.
1934 Ape expert Jane Goodall (Baroness Van Lawick-Goodall) was born in London, England.
1961 Comedian Eddie Murphy was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Eddie Murphy


April 4
1648 John Lilburne published "The Prisoner's Plea for Habeas Corpus."
1687 King James granted liberty of conscience to Englishmen, including dissenters. The Declaration for Liberty of Conscience granted religious freedom in England by suspending laws enforcing conformity to the Church of England and allowing people to worship in their homes or chapels as they saw fit, and it ended the requirement of affirming religious oaths before gaining employment in government office.
1821 Linus Yale, portrait painter and lock inventor, was born in Salisbury, New York.
1888 Baseball great Tris Speaker was born in Hubbard, Texas. He was one of the best offensive and defensive center fielders in the history of Major League Baseball. He compiled a career batting average of .345, and still holds the record of 792 career doubles. Defensively, his career records for assists, double plays, and unassisted double plays by an outfielder still stand. His fielding glove was known as the place "where triples go to die."

Tris Speaker
1908 Journalist Edward R. Murrow was born in Bluesboro, North Carolina.
1915 Blues guitarist and singer Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield) was born in Rolling Fork, Mississippi.
1922 Author William Manchester was born in Attleboro, Massachusetts.
1932 Vitamin C was isolated by C. C. King at the University of Pittsburgh.
1965 Actor Robert Downey Jr. was born in New York City.
1970 Actor Barry Pepper was born in Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada.

Barry Pepper as Roger Maris in 61 and as a sniper in Saving Private Ryan

1980 Artist Jennifer (Emmel) Halliday was born in Geneva, New York.

Jennifer Halliiday between two of her paintings


April 5
1724 Latin lover Giovani Jacopo Casanova was born in Venice, Italy.
1775 Marquis of Grandby spoke in the House of Commons disclaiming the authority to tax Americans.
1827 Dr. Joseph Lister, advocate for antiseptic surgery, was born in Upton, England.
1856 Booker T. Washington, champion of education and self-reliance, was born on a plantation in Franklin County, Virginia.
1908 Actress Bette Davis (Ruth Elizabeth Davis) was born in Lowell, Massachusetts.
1916 Actor Gregory Peck was born in La Jolla, California.
1922 Actress Gale Storm was born in Bloomington, Texas.
1941 Singer and song writer Eric Burdon was born at Walker-on-Tyne, England


April 6
1483 Painter and architect Raphael (Raffaello Santi) was born in Urbino, Italy.

Detail from a painting by Raphael

1897 Slavery was abolished in Zanzibar.
1928 Geneticist James Watson was born in Chicago, Illinois.
1973 NY Yankee Ron Bloomberg became the first designated hitter in the major leagues. He walked in the first inning of the opening game of the season at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.


April 7
1648 John Lilburne published "The Oppressed Man's Importunate and Mournful Crys to Be Brought to the Bar of Justice."
1770 Poet William Wordsworth was born in Cumberland, England.

William Wordsworth
1780 Abolitionist William Ellery Channing was born in Newport, Rhode Island.
1873 Baseball player and manager John McGraw was born in Truxton, New York.
1927 Television was demonstrated by Bell Telephone Laboratories.
1928 Actor James Garner (James Baumgardner) was born in Norman, Oklahoma.

James Garner and an ad for his best movie
1933 Beer and wine became legal beverages in the USA after 13 years of prohibition.
1954 Football star Tony Dorsett was born in Rochester, Pennsylvania.
1964 Actor Russell Crowe was born in Aukland, New Zealand.


April 8
1732 Mathematician, astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, surveyor, and scientific instrument craftsman David Rittenhouse was born near Germantown, Pennsylvania.

David Rittenhouse
1805 Hugo von Mohl, originator of the cell theory, was born in Stuttgart, Germany.
1864 The US Senate passed the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in the United States.
1892 Actress Mary Pickford was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Mary Pickford
1895 The US Supreme Court declared the 1894 income tax unconstitutional. The stolen money was returned.
1912 Champion figure skater Sonja Henie was born in Oslo, Norway.
1940 Basketball star John Havlicek was born in Martins Ferry, Ohio.

John Havlicek
1946 Hall of Fame pitcher Jim "Catfish" Hunter was born in Hertford, North Carolina.

Catfish Hunter
1947 The first session of the Mt. Pelerin Society was held. "After World War II, in 1947, when many of the values of Western civilization were imperiled, 36 scholars, mostly economists, with some historians and philosophers, were invited by Professor Friedrich von Hayek to meet at Mont Pelerin, near Montreux, Switzerland, to discuss the state and the possible fate of liberalism (in its classical sense) in thinking and practice. The group described itself as the Mont Pelerin Society, after the place of the first meeting. It emphasised that it did not intend to create an orthodoxy, to form or align itself with any political party or parties, or to conduct propaganda. Its sole objective was to facilitate an exchange of ideas between like-minded scholars in the hope of strengthening the principles and practice of a free society and to study the workings, virtues, and defects of market-oriented economic systems."
1954 Baseball star Gary Carter was born in Culver City, California.
1974 Hank Aaron hit his 715th home run, which broke Babe Ruth's record.

Hank Aaron


April 9
1792 The Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Railroad Company was chartered. They built the Lancaster Turnpike, which was the first macadam road. It was 62 miles long from Philadelphia to Lancaster, Pennsylvania. It cost $7,500 per mile to build. The money was provided by private investors.
1799 Sir Humphry Davey first suggested using laughing gas (nitrous oxide) as an anesthetic.
1898 All-American football player, actor, and singer Paul Robeson was born in Princeton, New Jersey.
1928 Tom Lehrer, songwriter, comic, and mathematician, was born in New York City.

Tom Lehrer
1933 Movie star Jean-Paul Belmondo was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.
1954 Actor Dennis Quaid was born in Houston, Texas.


April 10
1583 Natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius was born in Delft, Holland.
1829 William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, was born in Nottingham, England.
1841 Horace Greeley founded the New York Tribune.
1866 The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was established.
1921 Professional baseball player, basketball player, and actor Kevin Chuck Connors was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1929 Actor Max Von Sydow was born in Lund, Sweden.

Max Von Sydow
1932 Actor Omar Sharif (Michael Shalhoub) was born in Alexandria, Egypt.
1936 John Madden, football player, coach, and sportscaster, was born in Austin, Minnesota.

John Madden
1957 Songwriter and singer Kenneth Babyface Edmonds was born in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Babyface


April 11
1763 Lord Bute was driven from office by the revolt in Parliament against the tax on cider.
1784 A religious equality law was passed in New York State.
1939 Actress Louise Lasser was born in New York City.
1899 Percy Julian was born in Montgomery, Alabama. He invented synthetic progesterone, a cheaper method of producing cortisone, a drug to treat glaucoma, and a chemical foam to fight petroleum fires.
1945 Allied troops liberated prisoners from the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany.
1954 The NY Yankees obtaines outfielder Enos "Country" Slaughter from the St. Louis Cardinals. He helped the Yankees win four pennants in four years.


April 12
1770 The British Parliament repealed the Townshend taxes, except the tax on tea.
1776 Halifax Independence day in North Carolina. North Carolina delegates to the Continental Congress were instructed to obtain independence from England.
1914 The first movie "palace" in New York City, the Strand, opened for business.


April 13
1598 The Edict of Nantes granted religious liberty to French Protestants.
1742 Handel's Messiah was performed for the first time.
1743 Thomas Jefferson, revolutionist and author of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Albermarle County, Virginia.

Thomas Jefferson
1852 Businessman F. W. Woolworth was born in Rodman, New York.

Frank W. Woolworth
1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York City.

Metropolitan Museum of Art
1902 The first J. C. Penny store opened (in Wyoming).
1946 Singer Al Green was born in Forrest City, Arizona.


April 14
1629 Scientist and inventor Christiaan Huygens was born in The Hague, Netherlands. He discovered Saturn's moon Titan, and he invented the pendulum clock.
1775 The first abolition society in America (The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage) was organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.
1828 Noah Webster published his American Dictionary of the English Language with more than 70,000 definitions.

Noah Webster
1904 Actor John Gielgud was born in London, England.
1940 Actress Julie Christie was born in Chukua, India.
1959 Actress and screenwriter Emma Thompson was born in London, England.
1966 Baseball pitcher Greg Maddox was born in San Angelo, Texas.
1971 President Richard Nixon ended the 20-year-old trade embargo against the subjects of the United Stated and Red China.


April 15
1452 Inventor and painter Leonardo da Vinci was born in Vinci, Florence.

Leonardo da Vinci's self-portrait and Last Supper
1741 Portrait painter Charles Willson Peale was born in Queen Anne County, Maryland.

Portraits of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson by Charles Wilson Peale

1889 Painter Thomas Hart Benton was born in Neosho, Missouri.

Paintings by Thomas Hart Benton
1894 Blues singer Bessie Smith was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Bessie Smith
1920 Thomas Szasz, psychologist and libertarian opponent of involuntary commitment, was born in Budapest, Hungary.

Thomas Szasz between two of his books

1937 The House of Representatives passed an anti-lynching bill.
1938 Actress and classic beauty Claudia Cardinale was born in Tunis, Tunisia. Look at her!

Claudia Cardinale
1945 British forces liberated 53,000 prisoners at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in northwest Germany.
1947 Jackie Robinson made his major league debut for the Brooklyn Dodgers and became the first black man to play in the major leagues since the 1880s. He was instrumental in bringing an end to racial segregation in professional baseball, which had relegated black players to the Negro leagues for six decades. The example of his character and talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation, which then marked many other aspects of American life.

Jackie Robinson
1953 Men Against the State, by James Martin, was published.
1955 Ray Kroc opened the first McDonald's restaurant (in a Chicago suburb).
1965 The Rampart Journal of Individualistic Thought was published.


April 16
1660 Hans Sloane, physician and naturalist whose personal collections of books, manuscripts, and antiquities became the nucleus of the British Museum, was born at County Down, Ireland.
1862 Slavery was abolished in the District of Columbia.
1867 Aviation pioneer Wilbur Wright was born in Millville, Indiana.

The Wright Brothers
1889 Comedian Charlie Chaplin was born in London, England.

Charlie Chaplin as the Little Tramp
1921 Actor, director, and author Peter Ustinov was born in London, England.

Peter Ustinov
1924 Composer Henry Mancini was born in Cleveland, Ohio.

Henry Mancini
1929 The NY Yankees became the first team in the major leagues to add numbers to their uniforms. The numbers indicated the players' regular spots in the batting order. So Babe Ruth was 3 and Lou Gehrig was 4.
1931 Singer and actress Edie Adams (Elizabeth Edith Enke), was born in Kingston, Pennsylvania.

Edie Adams
1947 Basketball giant Lew Alcindor (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar) was born in New York City.
1953 Libertarian science-fiction author J. Neil Schulman was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York.

J. Neil Schulman between two of his best science fiction novels
1955 Actress Ellen Barkin was born in New York City.


April 17
1524 Giovanni da Verrazano discovered the Narrows and New York Harbor.

The Verrazano Narrows Bridge
1854 Anarchist writer and publisher Benjamin Tucker was born in South Dartmouth, Massachusetts.

Benjamin R. Tucker
1905 In Lochner vs NY the Supreme Court ruled that limits on bakers working hours violates the right to freedom of contract.
1918 Actor William Holden was born in O'Fallon, Illinois.
1940 Bob Feller became the first one to pitch a no-hitter on the opening day of the season.

Bob Feller
1951 Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Mickey Mantle played in his first major-league game. He went 1-for-4 and drove in a run.
1953 Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Mickey Mantle celebrated the anniversary of his first major-league game by hitting a 565-foot home run in Washington, D.C.

Mickey Mantle


April 18
1775 Paul Revere and William Dawes rode through Middlesex County, Massachusetts, to warn the patriots that the British were coming to Concord to destroy their weapons.

Paul Revere warning people that the gun controllers are coming
1850 Joseph Labadie, anarchist and benefactor of the Labadie Collection at the University of Michigan, was born in Paw Paw, Michigan.
1923 Yankee Stadium opened with 74,000 fans in attendance, and Babe Ruth hit a home run.

Yankee Stadium in 1923
1946 Actress Haley Mills was born in London, England.


April 19
1775 Americans defeated British at the Battle of Lexington and Concord ("the shot heard round the world"). The British gun-control effort failed, and the American Revolution began.

The Revolutionary War began when Americans
defended their right to bear arms at Lexington and Concord.
1933 Hollywood sex symbol Jayne Mansfield was born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.

Jayne Mansfield
1935 Comedian and pianist Dudley Moore was born in Dagenham, England.
1968 Actress Ashley Judd was born in Granada Hills, California.
1987 Tennis champion Maria Sharapova was born in Nyagan, Russia.

Maria Sharapova


April 20
1676 Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion against Virginia Governor William Berkeley for his failure to protect the settlers on the frontier from Indian attacks.
1818 Henry Wheeler Shaw, the humorist known as Josh Billings, was born in Lanesborough, Massachusetts.

Josh Billings
1893 Comedian Harold Lloyd was born in Bruchard, Nebraska.
1923 Ernesto Puente, Jr. (Tito Puente), King of the Mambo, was born in Spanish Harlem, New York City.
1939 The NY World's Fair opened.
1949 Actress Jessica Lange was born in Cloquet, Minnesota.
1951 Singer and songwriter Luther Vandross was born in New York City.
1957 NY Yankee slugger Bill Skowron hit a home run completely out of Fenway Park to the right of the flag pole in centerfield.
1961 Yankee great Don Mattingly was born in Evansville, Illinois.

Don Mattingly

1980 Communist dictator Fidel Castro announced that all Cubans are free to board boats at the port of Mariel so they can sail to the USA. In all, 125,000 Cubans escaped.


April 21
1816 Novelist Charlotte Bronte was born in Harthead, England.

Charlotte Bronte

1915 Actor Anthony Quinn was born in Chihuahua, Mexico.
1932 Writer, comedienne, actress, and director Elaine May was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1935 Actor and TV talk show host Charles Grodin was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1937 Pitcher Gary Peters was born in Grove City, Pennsylvania.

Gary Peters
1958 Model and actress Andie MacDowell was born in Gaffney, South Carolina.


April 22
1724 Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, Germany.
1774 The New York Tea Party to protest the tea tax took place.
1914 Babe Ruth made his professional pitching debut for the Baltimore Orioles. He shut out the Buffalo Bisons 6-0 on six hits.
1915 The NY Yankees wore their famous pinstripe uniforms for the first time.
1935 Singer and musician Glen Campbell was born in Billstown, Arizona.
1936 Actor Jack Nicholson was born in Neptune, New Jersey.

Jack Nicholson
1964 The New York World's fair opened for the first season.
1972 The Free Libertarian Party of New York was founded.


April 23
1564 Playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare was born at Stratford-upon-Avon, England.

William Shakespeare
1803 Christian anarchist Adin Ballou was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island.

Adin Ballou and his best book
1856 Granville Woods, inventor of the induction telegraph, was born in Columbus, Ohio.
1858 Physicist Max Planck was born in Kiel, Germany.
1921 Pitching great Warren Spahn was born in Buffalo, New York.

Warren Spahn
1928 Movie star Shirley Temple was born in Santa Monica, California.
1936 Singer Roy Orbison was born in Vernon, Texas.


April 24
1704 The first American newspaper, The Boston Newsletter, was published.
1743 Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, was born in Nottinghamshire, England.
1766 Robert Bailey Thomas, founder of the Farmer's Almanac, was born in Grafton, Massachusetts.
1905 Novelist and poet Robert Penn Warren was born in Guthrie, Kentucky.
1913 The Woolworth Building opened in New York City. It was the tallest building in the world (791 feet).

The Woolworth Building
1962 The first transmission of TV by satellite took place.


April 25
1719 The first edition of Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe was published.

Daniel Defoe and his most famous book
1874 Guglielmo Marconi, inventor of radio, was born at Bologna, Italy.

Guglielmo Marconi
1917 Jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald was born at Newport News, Virginia.
1932 Basketball star Meadow (Meadowlark) Lemon III was born in Lexington, South Carolina.
1969 Actress Renee Zellweger was born in Katy, Texas.

Renee Zellweger
1976 Basketball star Tim Duncan was born in St. Croix, Virgin Islands.

Tim Duncan


April 26
121 Moral philosopher Marcus Aurelius was born in Rome.

Marcus Aurelius
1785 Ornithologist and painter James J. Audubon was born in Haiti.
1831 The New York State Legislature abolished imprisonment for debt.
1834 Humorist Artemus Ward was born in Waterford, Maine.

Artemus Ward
1854 The Emigrant Aid Society was organized in Worcester, Massachusetts, to encourage opponents of slavery to settle in the Kansas Terrirory.
1936 Comedienne Carol Burnett was born in San Antonio, Texas.
1942 Pop singer Bobby Rydell was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1969 The first California libertarian conference was held, with Ludwig von Mises as the guest of honor.

Ludwig von Mises


April 27
1737 Historian Edward Gibbon was born in Putney, Surrey, England.

Edward Gibbon and his most famous work
1759 Mary Wollstonecraft, champion of women's rights, was born in London, England.

Mary Wollstonecraft and her most famous work
1791 Samuel Morse, artist and inventor of the telegraph and Morse code, was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts.

Samuel Morse between two of his paintings
1820 Libertarian philosopher Herbert Spencer was born in Derby, Ireland.

Herbert Spencer and one of his best books
1896 Baseball great Rogers Hornsby was born in Winters, Texas. He was one of the best hitters of all time. His career batting average of .358 is second only to Ty Cobb in MLB history. He also won two Triple Crowns and batted .400 or more three times during his career. He is the only player to hit 40 home runs and bat .400 in the same year (1922).

Rogers Hornsby
1916 NY Yankee outfielder (1954-1959) Enos "Country" Slaughter was born in Roxboro, North Carolina.
1932 Disc jockey Casey Kasem was born in Detroit, Michigan.

Casey Kasem
1938 Bowling great Earl Anthony was born in Tacoma, Washington.


April 28
1789 Christian Fletcher led a successful mutiny against Captain William Bligh of the H.M.S. Bounty.
1926 Novelist Nelle Harper (Harper Lee) was born in Monroeville, Alabama.
1930 NY Yankee pitcher (1955-1959) Tom Sturdivant was born in Gordon, Kansas.
1937 Pan Am airline made the first commercial flight across the Pacific Ocean.
1941 Actress Ann-Margret (Ann-Margaret Olsson) was born in Valsobyn, Sweden.
1947 The Kon-Tiki sailed from Peru.

The Kon-Tiki raft
1950 Comedian Jay Leno was born in New Rochelle, New York.
1967 The "Expo" World's Fair opened in Montreal, Canada.
1974 Actress Penelope Cruz was born in Madrid, Spain.

Penelope Cruz


April 29
1792 Matthew Vassar, benefactor of Vassar College, was born in East Dereham, Norfolk, England.
1851 Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York City, became the first college to prohibit discrimination in the acceptance of students based on race, creed, or color.

Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
1899 Jazz composer Duke Ellington was born in Washington, D.C.

Duke Ellington
1902 Humorist Corey Ford was born in New York City.
1945 Prisoners at the Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany were liberated by America soldiers.
1954 Comedian Jerry Seinfeld was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1957 Actor Daniel Day-Lewis was born in London, England.
1958 Actress Michelle Pfeiffer was born in Santa Ana, California.

Michelle Pfeiffer
1970 Actress Uma Thurman was born in Boston, Massachusetts.

Uma Thurman
1970 Tennis star Andre Agassi was born in Las Vegas, Nevada.


April 30
1820 The first antislavery magazine, The Emancipator, was published by Elihu Embree in Jonesboro, Tennessee.
1908 Actress Eve Arden was born in Mill Valley, California.

Eve Arden
1930 Actress Cloris Leachman was born in Des Moines, Iowa.
1933 Singer and songwriter Willie Nelson was born in Abbott, Texas.

Willie Nelson

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This page was last updated on December 17, 2013.
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