William Harvey, the first to discover the mechanics of
blood circulation, was born in Folkestone, England.
Edmond Rostand, author of Cyrano de Bergerac, was born
in Marseille, France.
Silent movie actor Leonidas
Lon Chaney, the "Man of a Thousand Faces," was born
in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
In New York, the Automobile Club of America announced plans for a trans-continental
Actress Debbie Reynolds was born in El Paso, Texas.
Baseball star "Rusty" Staub (Daniel Staub) was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Draft registration ended in the USA.
Hans Christian Andersen, author of children's stories, was born
in Odense, Denmark.
Hans Christian Andersen and his best story
Frederic Bartholdi, the sculptor who created the statue Liberty
Enlightening the World, was born in Colman, France.
Liberty Enlightening the World
Novelist Emile Zola was born in Paris, France.
Emile Zola and his most famous novel
The Electric Theater, the first movie house in Los Angeles, opened for
Actor Alec Guinness was born in London, England.
Singer Marvin Gaye was born in Washington D. C.
Singer Leon Russell was born in Lawton, Oklahoma.
Dallas premiered on CBS.
Author Washington Irving was born in New York City.
Washington Irving between two of his most famous stories
The Delaware and Hudson Canal Company was chartered.
Between 1828 and 1899, barges carried anthracite coal from the mines of Northeastern Pennsylvania
to New York City via the canal and the Hudson River.
The D&H Canal remained a profitable private operation for most of its existence,
unlike other canals of the era. Construction of the canal involved some major feats
of civil engineering, and led to the development of some new technologies,
particularly in rail transport.
Scenes along the Delaware and Hudson Canal
Naturalist John Burroughs was born in Roxbury, New York.
Fan dancer Helen Beck (Sally Rand) was born
in Hickory Country, Missouri.
Singer and actress Doris Day (Doris Von Kappelhoff)
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Actor Marlon Brando was born in Omaha, Nebraska.
NY Yankee pitcher (1957-1961)
Art Ditmar was born in Winthrop, Massachusetts.
Ape expert Jane Goodall
(Baroness Van Lawick-Goodall) was born in London, England.
Comedian Eddie Murphy was born in Brooklyn, New York.
John Lilburne published "The Prisoner's Plea for Habeas Corpus."
King James granted liberty of conscience to
Englishmen, including dissenters.
The Declaration for Liberty of Conscience granted religious freedom in England by suspending laws enforcing
conformity to the Church of England and allowing people to worship in their homes or
chapels as they saw fit, and it ended the requirement of affirming religious oaths before
gaining employment in government office.
Linus Yale, portrait painter and lock inventor,
was born in Salisbury, New York.
Baseball great Tris Speaker was born in Hubbard, Texas.
He was one of the best offensive and defensive center fielders in the history of Major League Baseball.
He compiled a career batting average of .345, and still holds the record of 792 career doubles.
Defensively, his career records for assists, double plays, and unassisted double plays by an outfielder
still stand. His fielding glove was known as the place "where triples go to die."
Journalist Edward R. Murrow was born in Bluesboro, North
Blues guitarist and singer Muddy Waters
(McKinley Morganfield) was born in Rolling Fork, Mississippi.
Author William Manchester was born in Attleboro, Massachusetts.
Vitamin C was isolated by C. C. King
at the University of Pittsburgh.
Actor Robert Downey Jr. was born in New York City.
Actor Barry Pepper was born in
Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada.
Barry Pepper as Roger Maris in 61 and as a sniper in Saving Private Ryan
Artist Jennifer (Emmel) Halliday was born in Geneva, New York.
Jennifer Halliiday between two of her paintings
Latin lover Giovani Jacopo Casanova was born in Venice, Italy.
Marquis of Grandby spoke in the House of Commons disclaiming the
authority to tax Americans.
Dr. Joseph Lister, advocate for antiseptic surgery, was born in
Booker T. Washington, champion of education and self-reliance,
was born on a plantation in Franklin County, Virginia.
Actress Bette Davis (Ruth Elizabeth Davis)
was born in Lowell, Massachusetts.
Actor Gregory Peck was born in La Jolla, California.
Actress Gale Storm was born in Bloomington, Texas.
Singer and song writer Eric Burdon was born
at Walker-on-Tyne, England
Painter and architect Raphael (Raffaello Santi)
was born in Urbino, Italy.
Detail from a painting by Raphael
Slavery was abolished in Zanzibar.
Geneticist James Watson was born in Chicago, Illinois.
NY Yankee Ron Bloomberg became the first
designated hitter in the major leagues. He walked in the first inning
of the opening game of the season at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
John Lilburne published "The Oppressed Man's Importunate
and Mournful Crys to Be Brought to the Bar of Justice."
Poet William Wordsworth was born in Cumberland, England.
Abolitionist William Ellery Channing was born
in Newport, Rhode Island.
Baseball player and manager John McGraw was born
in Truxton, New York.
Television was demonstrated by Bell Telephone Laboratories.
Actor James Garner (James Baumgardner)
was born in Norman, Oklahoma.
James Garner and an ad for his best movie
Beer and wine became legal beverages in the USA after 13 years
Football star Tony Dorsett was born
in Rochester, Pennsylvania.
Actor Russell Crowe was born in
Aukland, New Zealand.
Mathematician, astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, surveyor, and scientific instrument
craftsman David Rittenhouse was born
near Germantown, Pennsylvania.
Hugo von Mohl, originator of the cell theory, was born
in Stuttgart, Germany.
The US Senate passed the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in the United States.
Actress Mary Pickford was born
in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The US Supreme Court declared the 1894 income tax unconstitutional.
The stolen money was returned.
Champion figure skater Sonja Henie was born
in Oslo, Norway.
Basketball star John Havlicek was born in Martins Ferry, Ohio.
Hall of Fame pitcher Jim "Catfish" Hunter was born in
Hertford, North Carolina.
The first session of the Mt. Pelerin Society was held.
"After World War II, in 1947, when many of the values of Western civilization were imperiled,
36 scholars, mostly economists, with some historians and philosophers, were invited by Professor
Friedrich von Hayek to meet at Mont Pelerin, near Montreux, Switzerland, to discuss the state
and the possible fate of liberalism (in its classical sense) in thinking and practice.
The group described itself as the Mont Pelerin Society, after the place of the first meeting.
It emphasised that it did not intend to create an orthodoxy, to form or align itself with any
political party or parties, or to conduct propaganda. Its sole objective was to facilitate an
exchange of ideas between like-minded scholars in the hope of strengthening the principles and
practice of a free society and to study the workings, virtues, and defects of market-oriented
Baseball star Gary Carter
was born in Culver City, California.
Hank Aaron hit his 715th home run, which broke
Babe Ruth's record.
The Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Railroad Company was chartered.
They built the Lancaster Turnpike, which was the first macadam road.
It was 62 miles long from Philadelphia to Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
It cost $7,500 per mile to build. The money was provided by private investors.
Sir Humphry Davey first suggested using laughing gas
(nitrous oxide) as an anesthetic.
All-American football player, actor, and singer
Paul Robeson was born in Princeton, New Jersey.
Tom Lehrer, songwriter, comic, and mathematician, was born
in New York City.
Movie star Jean-Paul Belmondo was born in
Actor Dennis Quaid was born in Houston, Texas.
Natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius
was born in Delft, Holland.
William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, was born
in Nottingham, England.
Horace Greeley founded the New York Tribune.
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was established.
Professional baseball player, basketball player, and actor Kevin
Chuck Connors was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Actor Max Von Sydow was born in Lund, Sweden.
Max Von Sydow
Actor Omar Sharif (Michael Shalhoub) was born
in Alexandria, Egypt.
John Madden, football player, coach, and sportscaster,
was born in Austin, Minnesota.
Songwriter and singer Kenneth Babyface Edmonds was born
in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Lord Bute was driven from office by the revolt in Parliament
against the tax on cider.
A religious equality law was passed in New York State.
Actress Louise Lasser was born in New York City.
Percy Julian was born in Montgomery, Alabama.
He invented synthetic progesterone,
a cheaper method of producing cortisone, a drug to treat glaucoma,
and a chemical foam to fight petroleum fires.
Allied troops liberated prisoners from the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany.
The NY Yankees obtaines outfielder Enos "Country" Slaughter
from the St. Louis Cardinals. He helped the Yankees win four
pennants in four years.
The British Parliament repealed the Townshend taxes, except the tax on tea.
Halifax Independence day in North Carolina. North Carolina delegates
to the Continental Congress were instructed to obtain independence
The first movie "palace" in New York City, the Strand, opened
The Edict of Nantes granted religious liberty to
Handel's Messiah was performed for the first time.
Thomas Jefferson, revolutionist and author of the
Declaration of Independence, was born in Albermarle County, Virginia.
Businessman F. W. Woolworth was born in Rodman, New York.
Frank W. Woolworth
The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York City.
Metropolitan Museum of Art
The first J. C. Penny store opened (in Wyoming).
Singer Al Green was born in Forrest City, Arizona.
Scientist and inventor Christiaan Huygens
was born in The Hague, Netherlands.
He discovered Saturn's moon Titan, and he invented the pendulum clock.
The first abolition society in America (The Society for the Relief of Free
Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage) was organized in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.
Noah Webster published his American Dictionary
of the English Language with more than 70,000 definitions.
Actor John Gielgud was born in
Actress Julie Christie was born in Chukua, India.
Actress and screenwriter Emma Thompson was born
in London, England.
Baseball pitcher Greg Maddox was born in San Angelo, Texas.
President Richard Nixon ended the 20-year-old trade embargo
against the subjects of the United Stated and Red China.
Inventor and painter Leonardo da Vinci was born
in Vinci, Florence.
Leonardo da Vinci's self-portrait and Last Supper
Portrait painter Charles Willson Peale
was born in Queen Anne County, Maryland.
Portraits of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson by Charles Wilson Peale
Painter Thomas Hart Benton was born in Neosho, Missouri.
Paintings by Thomas Hart Benton
Blues singer Bessie Smith was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Thomas Szasz, psychologist and libertarian opponent
of involuntary commitment, was born in Budapest, Hungary.
Thomas Szasz between two of his books
The House of Representatives passed an anti-lynching bill.
Actress and classic beauty Claudia Cardinale was born in Tunis, Tunisia.
Look at her!
British forces liberated 53,000 prisoners at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in northwest Germany.
Jackie Robinson made his major league debut for
the Brooklyn Dodgers and became the first black man to play in the
major leagues since the 1880s. He was instrumental
in bringing an end to racial segregation in professional baseball, which had relegated
black players to the Negro leagues for six decades. The example of his character and talent
challenged the traditional basis of segregation, which then marked many other aspects
of American life.
Men Against the State, by James Martin,
Ray Kroc opened the first McDonald's restaurant
(in a Chicago suburb).
The Rampart Journal of Individualistic Thought was
Hans Sloane, physician and naturalist whose personal
collections of books, manuscripts, and antiquities became the nucleus of
the British Museum, was born at County Down, Ireland.
Slavery was abolished in the District of Columbia.
Aviation pioneer Wilbur Wright
was born in Millville, Indiana.
The Wright Brothers
Comedian Charlie Chaplin was born in London, England.
Charlie Chaplin as the Little Tramp
Actor, director, and author Peter Ustinov was born in London, England.
Composer Henry Mancini was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
The NY Yankees became the first team in the major leagues to add
numbers to their uniforms. The numbers indicated the players' regular spots
in the batting order. So Babe Ruth
was 3 and Lou Gehrig was 4.
Singer and actress Edie Adams
(Elizabeth Edith Enke), was born in Kingston, Pennsylvania.
Basketball giant Lew Alcindor (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar)
was born in New York City.
Libertarian science-fiction author J. Neil Schulman
was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York.
J. Neil Schulman between two of his best science fiction novels
Actress Ellen Barkin
was born in New York City.
Giovanni da Verrazano discovered the Narrows
and New York Harbor.
The Verrazano Narrows Bridge
Anarchist writer and publisher Benjamin Tucker was born
in South Dartmouth, Massachusetts.
Benjamin R. Tucker
In Lochner vs NY the Supreme Court ruled that limits on bakers
working hours violates the right to freedom of contract.
Actor William Holden was born in O'Fallon, Illinois.
Bob Feller became the first one
to pitch a no-hitter on the opening day of the season.
Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Mickey Mantle
played in his first major-league game. He went 1-for-4 and drove in a run.
Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Mickey Mantle
celebrated the anniversary of his first major-league game
by hitting a 565-foot home run in Washington, D.C.
1775 Paul Revere and William Dawes
rode through Middlesex County, Massachusetts, to warn the patriots that the
British were coming to Concord to destroy their weapons.
Paul Revere warning people that the gun controllers are coming
Joseph Labadie, anarchist and benefactor of
the Labadie Collection at the University of Michigan, was born
in Paw Paw, Michigan.
Yankee Stadium opened with 74,000 fans in attendance, and Babe Ruth hit a home run.
Yankee Stadium in 1923
Actress Haley Mills was born in London, England.
Americans defeated British at the Battle of Lexington and Concord
("the shot heard round the world"). The British gun-control effort
failed, and the American Revolution began.
The Revolutionary War began when Americans
defended their right
to bear arms at Lexington and Concord.
Hollywood sex symbol Jayne Mansfield was born
in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
Comedian and pianist Dudley Moore
was born in Dagenham, England.
Actress Ashley Judd was born
in Granada Hills, California.
Tennis champion Maria Sharapova was born
in Nyagan, Russia.
Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion against Virginia Governor
William Berkeley for his failure to protect the
settlers on the frontier from Indian attacks.
Henry Wheeler Shaw, the humorist known as Josh Billings,
was born in Lanesborough, Massachusetts.
Comedian Harold Lloyd was born in Bruchard, Nebraska.
Ernesto Puente, Jr. (Tito Puente), King of the Mambo,
was born in Spanish Harlem, New York City.
The NY World's Fair opened.
Actress Jessica Lange was born in Cloquet, Minnesota.
Singer and songwriter Luther Vandross
was born in New York City.
NY Yankee slugger Bill Skowron
hit a home run completely out of Fenway Park to the right of
the flag pole in centerfield.
Yankee great Don Mattingly was born in Evansville, Illinois.
Communist dictator Fidel Castro announced that all Cubans
are free to board boats at the port of Mariel so they can sail to the USA.
In all, 125,000 Cubans escaped.
Novelist Charlotte Bronte was born in Harthead, England.
Actor Anthony Quinn was born in Chihuahua, Mexico.
Writer, comedienne, actress, and director Elaine May
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Actor and TV talk show host Charles Grodin
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Pitcher Gary Peters was born in Grove City, Pennsylvania.
Model and actress Andie MacDowell
was born in Gaffney, South Carolina.
Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, Germany.
The New York Tea Party to protest the tea tax took place.
Babe Ruth made his professional pitching debut
for the Baltimore Orioles.
He shut out the Buffalo Bisons 6-0 on six hits.
The NY Yankees
wore their famous pinstripe uniforms for the first time.
Singer and musician Glen Campbell
was born in Billstown, Arizona.
Actor Jack Nicholson was born in Neptune, New Jersey.
The New York World's fair opened for the first season.
The Free Libertarian Party of New York was founded.
Playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare was born at
Christian anarchist Adin Ballou was born
in Cumberland, Rhode Island.
Adin Ballou and his best book
Granville Woods, inventor of the induction telegraph,
was born in Columbus, Ohio.
Physicist Max Planck was born in Kiel, Germany.
Pitching great Warren Spahn was born in Buffalo, New York.
Movie star Shirley Temple was born in Santa Monica, California.
Singer Roy Orbison was born in Vernon, Texas.
The first American newspaper, The Boston Newsletter,
Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, was born
in Nottinghamshire, England.
Robert Bailey Thomas, founder of the Farmer's Almanac,
was born in Grafton, Massachusetts.
Novelist and poet Robert Penn Warren
was born in Guthrie, Kentucky.
The Woolworth Building opened in New York City. It was the tallest building in the
world (791 feet).
The Woolworth Building
The first transmission of TV by satellite took place.
The first edition of Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe and his most famous book
Guglielmo Marconi, inventor of radio, was born at Bologna, Italy.
Jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald
was born at Newport News, Virginia.
Basketball star Meadow (Meadowlark) Lemon III
was born in Lexington, South Carolina.
Actress Renee Zellweger was born in
Basketball star Tim Duncan
was born in St. Croix, Virgin Islands.
Moral philosopher Marcus Aurelius was born in Rome.
Ornithologist and painter James J. Audubon
was born in Haiti.
The New York State Legislature abolished imprisonment for debt.
Humorist Artemus Ward was born in Waterford, Maine.
The Emigrant Aid Society was organized in Worcester, Massachusetts, to encourage
opponents of slavery to settle in the Kansas Terrirory.
Comedienne Carol Burnett was born in San Antonio, Texas.
Pop singer Bobby Rydell was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The first California libertarian conference was held, with
Ludwig von Mises as the guest of honor.
Ludwig von Mises
Historian Edward Gibbon was born in Putney, Surrey, England.
Edward Gibbon and his most famous work
Mary Wollstonecraft, champion of women's rights,
was born in London, England.
Mary Wollstonecraft and her most famous work
Samuel Morse, artist and inventor of the telegraph and Morse code, was born in
Samuel Morse between two of his paintings
Libertarian philosopher Herbert Spencer
was born in Derby, Ireland.
Herbert Spencer and one of his best books
Baseball great Rogers Hornsby was born in Winters, Texas.
He was one of the best hitters of all time. His career batting average of .358 is second only to Ty Cobb
in MLB history. He also won two Triple Crowns and batted .400 or more three times during his career.
He is the only player to hit 40 home runs and bat .400 in the same year (1922).
NY Yankee outfielder (1954-1959)
Enos "Country" Slaughter
was born in Roxboro, North Carolina.
Disc jockey Casey Kasem was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Bowling great Earl Anthony was born in Tacoma, Washington.
Christian Fletcher led a successful mutiny against
Captain William Bligh of the H.M.S. Bounty.
Novelist Nelle Harper (Harper Lee) was born
in Monroeville, Alabama.
NY Yankee pitcher (1955-1959)
was born in Gordon, Kansas.
Pan Am airline made the first commercial flight across the Pacific Ocean.
Actress Ann-Margret (Ann-Margaret Olsson) was born
in Valsobyn, Sweden.
The Kon-Tiki sailed from Peru.
The Kon-Tiki raft
Comedian Jay Leno was born in New Rochelle, New York.
The "Expo" World's Fair opened in Montreal, Canada.
Actress Penelope Cruz was born in Madrid, Spain.
Matthew Vassar, benefactor of Vassar College, was born
in East Dereham, Norfolk, England.
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York City,
became the first college to prohibit discrimination in the acceptance of
students based on race, creed, or color.
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
Jazz composer Duke Ellington was born in Washington, D.C.
Humorist Corey Ford was born in New York City.
Prisoners at the Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany were liberated by
Comedian Jerry Seinfeld was born in Brooklyn, New York.
Actor Daniel Day-Lewis was born in London, England.
Actress Michelle Pfeiffer was born in Santa Ana, California.
Actress Uma Thurman was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Tennis star Andre Agassi was born in Las Vegas, Nevada.
The first antislavery magazine, The Emancipator, was published
by Elihu Embree in Jonesboro, Tennessee.
Actress Eve Arden was born in Mill Valley, California.
Actress Cloris Leachman was born in Des Moines, Iowa.
Singer and songwriter Willie Nelson was born in Abbott, Texas.
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